rived from his meritorious services; bind them to society are dissolved; and Mr Spankie having this day most the sense of character remains the handsomely declined to accept of the same, because they are still in the additional remuneration which it was midst of their former friends and neighin the contemplation of the managers bours; and the least possible injury is to bestow on him; the meeting una- done to their pride, or their wish to nimously expressed their warmest ap- retain the appearance of independence. probation of Mr Spankie's whole con- Nor is this the only mode of bestowduct as their treasurer, and ordered ing charity--there are many othersthis minute to be signed by their pre- such as the means employed for keeping ses, and inserted in the Edinburgh down the price of fuel, or provisions, in newspapers.

case of a monopoly, or temporary scar(Signed) ALEX. MANNERS, P. city; by purchasing the articles at the

best market, and retuiling them at prime As we are told that example is cost, or at a small loss; or the adding more powerful than precept, let this a bounty to a particular species of lagentleman's disinterested conduct be bour, when the price is accidentally followed by all who are placed in depressed. A gentleman, who once situations of responsibility; and let filled a high station in this city, and each reflect, that altho' " lost health whose attention to subjects of political " may be repaired, lost fortune may economy has been great and praise" be regained, even lost senses may be worthy, advises, “ that if the magis"recovered, that a forfeited character “ trates would bring to market, at the " is rarely ever to be restored.”' present time, 5000 bolls of potatoes,

which can be bought at no great " Qui capit, ille facit.”

u distance from Edinburgh, at eight With respect to the most useful shillings per boll, and sell them off mode of bestowing charity, some dif- “in single pecks, at prime cost and ferences in opinion have been main. " charges, it would do a great deal to tained. An indiscriminate admission keep the prices of food moderate.” to the work-house of every one who With regard to another branch alludcould establish claims thereto, would ed to, viz. fuel,—it is with particular certainly be highly improper. There, pleasure I am informed, that measures shut up amidst a crowd of strangers, are taken to supply the inhabitants of who have no interest in their welfare, this city with coals of the first quality and listening only while “ the dull in Scotland, and at a moderate price : wheel hums doleful through the day,” this establishment, I understand, is not it becomes matter of indifference in just yet completed in all its parts; but them “ to sleep or die.” The proper when it is, (and the sooner the better,) and reasonable mode of giving assist- I am led to believe, and I hope the ance to the poor has thus been point result will prove, that it will go

far to ed out-by moderate pensions; paid, keep the coal-masters in the neighnot weekly, which produces imprović bourhood of Edinburgh in better grdence on their part ; but monthly, or der than they have hitherto been, and rather quarterly-always under the prevent the prices from being raised, condition that they shall not solicit cha- when the rigors of winter are felt, rity. The inducement to such exer- and fires become indispensable to all tions of industry, as their health or age classes of the community. permit, is thus left entire. They remain objects of compassion to their Edinburgh,

TIMON. Lindred, and none of the ties which Dec. 17th, 1808.



888 Letter from the Chevalier RAMSAY, mous author of Travels of Cyrus, An

while Tutor to the Sons of the Earl of drew Rainsay.Addressed, WEEMS, to Mr ROBERT KEITH,

MR ROBERT KEITH, afterwards Bishop KEITH.

Governor to the Right Hon. My

LORD KEITH, (From the Original, in the possession of the Publishers.).

ANECDOTES. DEAR ROBBY, Loutleworth, Feb. 25th, 1709. THE witty Charles Townshend

having been asked what he thought I HAVE nothing to write to thee of the late Duke of Richmond's first

but only this, that if we continue speech, which proved a pretty long to aspire unto our Almighty original, one, he replied “ that it resembled we shall still be united, however far

a diabetes, as it proceeded entirely seperated in this world. Now, I bide from a weakness of parts." hid by the river Thames, amidst fields

Some literary gentlemen being in and gardens, where I have nothing to

company lately, and waiting till dininterrupt my conversation within, but ner was announced, it was proposed an hour or two attendance at night that each of them should make a line upon two of the most innocent, sweet, of English verse, to see what a motley sprightly, little boys I ever knew.- piece of composition they would make All my ambition now is to live forgot- when put together.—Mr Home, the ten by all, doing them all the real author of Douglas, commenced writing service lyes in my power. I sha'nt

God did at first make man upright, but be" trouble you with scribbling, we already know one another well enough.

A celebrated living poet, whose

turn it was next, added, All I shall say is, that should it be my fortune to be tost from Greenland “Would surely bave continued so, but to Good-Hope, yet, after twenty years

she". absence, our souls shall be as much which happy turn met with deserved united as ever, and I shall embrace applause, but the amusement went no you at meeting with all the freedom farther. of a Philadelphian : so live happy Fox, the founder of Quakerism, and if we never meet here, may we was in the habit of attending public meet after this on the road to Ely. worship at the established church ; but sium. I am your loving

when the preacher uttered sentiments

RAMSAY. which he disapproved, he would most If ever after this

solemnly put on his broad-brimmed you

chance to see Sandy Strachan, Jonny Anderson, hat, and take

it off again when a wel. Davidson, and the lads in and about he had sat long with his hat on, and

come train of doctrine recurred. If Rosshearty, pray mind me to 'em; the ill-sounding propositions

, or ful; but to Mr Moor, your dear friend, in minations, continued, he would slowly a particular manner.


rise and silently walk out. It was for Notes by Bishop Keith.

purposes of habitual protest that the This last was Mr Alexander Moor, Quakers first learned to sit in places of Episcopal minister at Fraserburgh, the worship with their hats on. This is best of men I ever saw.

a decorous protest; and it might not tracted acquaintance with Mr Ram- be amiss for the friends of political say at Edinburgh the preceding win- equity to put their hats on when they ter. Johny Anderson left the legacy are compelled to listen to any thing in 'e West Indies."

intolerant, or in obstinate cases quietThe writer of this letter is the fac ly to walk out.


6 I had con


GAELIC Etymologies and Antiquities. Shaw, in his Gaelic Dictionary, ren

ders Crois-Taire, an Alarm Bell, and To the Editor.

it is not a little to the present point, SIR,

that the Gaelic language contains no IF you think the following remarks other word of the same import

, equalon the War Cries of our ancestors ly appropriate and expressive as an worthy of a place in your useful Mis- instrument of alarm; tho' Shaw has cellany, you may insert them, and ob- lost sight of the radical meaning, and lige, Sir, Yours, &c.

modernized the translation; by substiNov. 12th 1808.

Milo. tuting a bell instead of a Cross. The

last particular I shall mention on this Slughorn Slugorn - Slugar and head is, that the Coat of Arms of the Slogan, are all corruptions, or provin- M*Leans, and several of the Ancient cial alterations of the original Gaelic Clans, still bears a Cross burning at Sluagh-Oran, i. e. the Army or Bat- both extremities of the transverse. tle Cry Tradition informs us, that I have repeatedly had occasion to when a Clan was to be assembled for remark, that the Gaelic is a language some warlike expedition, a Herald tra- of high antiquity, and contains inexversed the Chieftain's territories, car- haustible stores for the philologist and rying a fiery Cross, and, at stated in- antiquarian. It is more or less the ratervals, proclaiming with a loud voice, dix of all the languages of Europe.the Sluagh-Oran, or War Cry of the As I have had occasion to explain Clan. The Sluagh-Oran was general. Sluagh-Oran, it may not be very foly the name of the Chieftain, the reign to explain another word, which Principal Fort, or the Place of Ren- is derived from the same source, but dezvous. The War Cry of the Mac- which has been uniformly mistaken, I Kenzies is said to have been Tulloch- mean the English word Slaughter.dird- that of the Camerons, Lochiel, This word, with the Metathesis of a and the Campbells,-Lochow, &c. single letter, is the Gaelic Sluagh

It is well known, that soon after Ter, i. e. the Field of Battle. the introduction of Christianity the P. S. The Synopsis of the Gaelic and cross was used as a warlike ensign.During the Crusades, this was particu

Latin languages has been unavoida

bly delayed, but is now nearly comlarly the case, and it might be diffi

plete, and will be regularly forcult to determine whether the confe


MILO. derates against the Saracens placed most reliance on the strength of their armies, or the Virtue of the Cross, as a Standard. The Gael, however, notwithstand

A Journey through the HIGHLANDS ing their supposed barbarism, appear,

and WESTERN Isles, in the Sumin this case, to have adopted a distinc

mer of 1804.-In a Series of Letters

to a Friend. tion highly to their credit. They did not, like their more polished southern

Br ThE ETTRICK SHEPHERD. neighbours, prostitute the Crois Bean

(Continued from p. 811.) Kuighte, (Crux Sacra) i. e. the Blessed

Letter VI. Cross, to military purposes. They had also their Crois-1'aire, (Crux Profana) DEAR SIR, to him the profane or common Cross I SAID in my last, that it was with purpose of convoking the Clans. M'Alister, nor was it any wonder, Dec. 1808.


for it was impossible we could have of Loch-Moidart in Inverness-shire: met with a sea-faring man better fitted and what added not a little to our to make our voyage agreeable; had vexation, no sooner had we got over we not been so much harassed by the rough hedge, and spied out the “ Tempests themselves, high seas, and way by which we proposed to get forhowling winds,

ward, than the wind shifted to the The gutter'd rocks, and congregated South, and the rain commenced; so sands,

that if we had staid two hours longer Traitors ensteep'd to dog the guiltless in the ship, we had soon been landed keel,”

in Sky, where I was acquainted ; but we had certainly enjoyed his com- the whole of our journey was alike pany very much; for besides having unfortunate. We now went through the ship stored with all the good a stock of good short sheep belonging things of this life, he had an excel- to a Captain Cameron, whose house lent chart of the coast, a perspective we passed by, for fear we should have glass, and a good violin, on which we been suffered to tarry in the kitchen, could all perform a little ; and also our cloathes being now much soiled on Ossian's poems, Burns's works, and board; but even in the most trivial several books of taste : his manners things we were unlucky; going a nearwere simple and unaffected, and his

er way, as we thought, above the nature kind and affable, and he cer- house, we came upon precipices and tainly may be ranked amongst the ravines so inaccessible, that it was first of merchants. We mounted the with difficulty we reached the shore braes of Ardnamurchan at the farm hard by the house, after all our house of Borrowdale, by a small foot trouble. A little after this, the tide track that soon evanished. Here being in, we run ourselves within a there are many green patches amongst long narrow arm, by which it run up the woods and alongst the shore, but into the country, and were obliged to higher on the hills, the soil is wholly wade through it above our middle in moss, and the vegetable productions salt water: being now uncertain by heather and ling. In ascending this which way to proceed, we called at a hill, we were rivetted to a certain spot poor cottage where a little girl, haa good while, listening to the most ving some English, showed us the melliduous music, which came floating road for Island - Teona, in Lochon the breeze from a neighbouring Moidart, by which it was neceswood, sometimes in a cadence so soft sary we should pass. After this we and low as scarcely to be heard, and were entangled in a morass of prodiat other times in full concert, so loud geous extent, quite level, and only a that all the hills rang again. This little elevated above the sea, and so proceeded from a great number of soft and miry, that when we leaped people, of both sexes, who were cut- from one place covered with a scurf ting and peeling wood at that place; to another, to avoid sinking, it would and being assembled at their break- shake and heave to the distance of a fast, had joined in singing a Gaelic rood around us; and we certainly song, in the chorus of which they were in more danger than we were all joined : and though their notes aware of, for we were afterwards were wild, and, as we thought, irre- told that no person attempted crosgular, yet by reason of the distance, sing through the middle of it where and the fine echo of the woods and

we went. After passi g a numrocks, the effect was excellent. With ber of poor cottages in a cluster, some difficulty we found our way o- we came unto the beach opposite the ver the height, and came in view of house of Island-Tęona, where making

a sign for a boat, two fine boys, sons small islands, on one of which there to Mr M‘Donald of that place, came is a vitrified fort, and we came to the and rowed us 'over to their fathers' very creek where the unfortunate house, where they entreated us to en- Prince Charles Stewart first landed on ter, where we were hospitably entertain- the mainland of Scotland in the year ed with the best the house could afford. 1745. Yea, the people told us a thing Here we were joined by one Mr Mac- of much importance, that we even allum, an exciseman of that country, stepped out upon the very same rock who accompanied us all the way to which he stepped out upon, and shewArisaig. Mr M‘Donald caused his sons ed us the cottage where he and his to row us round the island, and land few companions lodged that night, on us on the mainland in the country of which occasion that song, called the Moidart. On our way we passed by “ Eight men of Moidart," was coma natural canal, so narrow, that there posed: the same woman who enterwas scarcely room to work the oars, tained them still resides on the spot, and saw the mighty ruins of Castle though now in somewhat of a better Tuirim, which they said was formerly house. After again walking over the residence of Macdonald of Clan- some low hills, we came to a good ranald. We now climbed the moun- road, which led us to the village of tains of Moidart, and in less than two Arisaig, where there is a good inn, hours came in upon the shore of Loch at which we arrived ere it was Nanuach, an arm of the sea about six quite dark, and were comfortably or seven miles broad.

It was all lodged. The country hereabouts had this time raining incessantly, and we a more promising appearance than the were, as usual, as wet as water could banks of Loch-Moidart ; the hills make us; but to embitter our state a were moderately high, and towards little further, the wind was now grown the coast low, and mixed with spots so rough that the ferry-men would of arable ground, not unfertile, altho' in no-wise venture out, and there be- badly tilled, and their ridges formed ing no place there where four of us after the pattern of the new moon. could lodge, we were forced to turn In all these districts the sheep stocks alongst the shore to the eastward by were well attended to, and the breeds the most terrible road of all: rapid were, on many farms, above mediocritorrents, flooded by the rain, came ty: they are all of the blackfaced rushing and roaring from the moun- breeds, and some of the smaller fartains ; these we were obliged to stem, mer's stocks retain too striking marks and climb over numerous precipices of their consanguinity to the old deon all fours. We at length reached generate highland breed Smearing the genteel house of Ewrin, where we with tar and grease is becoming more were again entertained by Mr M'Ech- general, but even those which we ern, who entreated us to stay all night, saw unsmeared were not much ragbut perceiving that we wished to get ged in their fleeces : the frost there is forward, procured us a boat and crew never very intense, when the salt-imto carry us over. The boat being pregnated vapours are unfavourable to small, and crouded, and the sea very the breeding of vermin upon them. rough, we were certainly in considera- There are likewise large herds of ble danger ; the waves often washing black cattle, but amongst the better over her, threatened to suffocate us sort of farmers or tacksmen, these are with brine ; the man at the rudder yearly losing ground.

The coast to however always bid us fear nothing, the north of this, as well as hat and, to encourage us, sung severel which we had passed, being all ir ventWe passed several ed by extensive arms of the sea, and


Earse songs.

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