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education, the great object is to fix at-farther advanced, slates and pencils tention, and excite exertion, or to pre- may be used after the sand. vent the waste of time in schools.” Among various testimonies to the
But the advantages are summed up merit of Ďr Bell's plan of education, by the Trustees of the Parochial Cha- the two following may be added to sity Schools of St Mary's, White-Cha- that already transcribed, one from the pel, in their printed Report of April report of the Asylum, or House of Re7th 1807, in these words: “ The fuge : “ The committee, in gratitude chief advantages of Dr Bell's plan to the Rev. Dr Bell, feel it due to the are, 1st, It completely fixes and se- public to inform them, that the admi. cures the attention of every scholar ; rable mode of education, invented by the indolent are stimulated, the vi- that gentleman, is now practised at cious reclaimed, and it nearly annihi- the asylum ; it was introduced by the lates bad behaviour of every sort.- recommendation of his Royal High24, The children make a regular pro- ness the President, with the approbagress in their learning, which is daily tion of his Grace the Archbishop of noted and registered, no lesson being Canterbury." The other from the passed over till it be correctly studied. society for promoting the comforts of 3d, It saves the expence of additional the poor in Dublin," viz. “ Resolved, instructors; the eye of some intelli- that in order to express our sense of gent master or mistress alone being re- the benefit conferred upon the public quired to see that their agents, the se- by the Rev. Dr Bell's introduction of a nior good boys and girls, do their du- method of popular education, which, in ty in teaching their juniors. 4th, It expedition and efficaciousness, appears not only possesses excellent mechani- wholly unexampled; that reverend gencal advantages in communicating in- tleinan be, and he is hereby requested struction generally, but it is particu- to permit himself to be enrolled as an larly adapted to instil into, and fix honorary member of this society." practically in the mind, the principles These observations and extracts of our holy religion, while it inaterial- serve to point out some of the advanly secures the moral conduct of the tages of the new system of popular inchildren, both in and out of school. Struction, and to promote its exten: 5th, By economizing time hitherto sosion, by bringing it under the public lamentably wasted in charity schools eye, in an approved and widely circuconducted on the old plan, it affords lated publication : and if the system itample and very inviting opportunity self has a just claim to praise, every to add to the ordinary establishment advocate for it, and patron of it, shares of schools, Industry." The superio- in the general plaudit, especially those rity which writing on Sand possesses who have actually adopted and acted over every other mode, as an initiato- upon it, either partially, entirely, or ry process, consists in its being per- with supplementary additions. A. formed with the simplest and most manageable instrument, the finger, which the child can guide more readily than he can a piece of chalk, a Description of EDINBURGH : with an pencil, or a pen. The simplicity of
Account of the present State of its
MEDICAL SCHOOL. this process, and its fitness for children of four years, at which age they From the German of Frank, Lecturer on were admitted into the asylum, entitle
Pathology at Wilna, Vienna, 1805. it to the notice of all shools
in 2-simi- WITH the greatest emotion I now Jar predicament; but with children write an account of my three
weeks weeks stay in this remarkable city.--confined. Not less romantic is the The situation of Edinburgh, the build prospect which we have from the two ings of the new part of the city, and other hills, Salisbury Craggs, and parthe views which it commands, are, in ticularly the Calton Hill. the strictest sense of the word, une- A residence in Edinburgh must inqualled. The stile of society, which deed be particularly agreeable in winhere prevails, is easy and frank, and ter ; whereas I spent there only a part the hospitality is unbounded. The of the months of June and July, during university is distinguished not only as which a great many families fly to the foremost in Britain, but also as the country. I have, however, formone of the first in Europe. Nor does ed a very advantageous idea of the this metropolis of Scotland fail in point good stile of society which prevails of charitable establishments. In short, among the cultivated inhabitants of I found here, united in one place, every Edinburgh. I spent some evenings thing which could interest me in the in a most agreeable manner in a club highest degree, both as a man and as of literary men, where, among others, a physician.
i became acquainted with Mess. MacEdinburgh is divided into the Old kenzie, Scott, Brougham,Sidney Snith, and New Town, Its eastern part lies and Jeffrey. between two hills, the western extends Hospitality was freely bestowed withover a height, which rises into a steep out ostentation. The Scotch cooks cliff, on whose summit stands the approach very near to the French, escastle. The New Town is at the foot pecially in regard to soups, which are of this cliff. It consists of three pa- excellent. No where have I met with rallel streets, each of which is an Eng, so good strawberries as in Scotland. lish mile long. These are intersected, This fruit is supplied in profusion. at equal distances, by five cross streets. Yet Scotland presents, in many resEach of these streets is a hundred pa- pects, a disadvantageous contrast to ces and upwards in breadth, and fur- England. One misses particularly the nished with suitable pavements for foot cleanliness, and, in general, the solid passengers. The three parallel streets luxury of the English. terminate at both their extremities in two beautiful squares.
THE UNIVERSITY. are built uniformly throughout. In a This University is said to have been word, the New Town resembles a re, founded in the year 1583. For a long giment of soldiers, divided into compa- time, nothing was taught in it but the nies, and standing three deep. ology. The first medical professors
The cliffs, on which what is called were Sir Robert Sibbald, and Dr Arthe Castle is built, command the most chibald Pitcairn. They were appointvaried prospects. To the east we see ed in 1685. These professors, howthe Old Town, and the neighbouring ever, were chiefly for the sake of apsea port of Leith ; this view is bound- pearance, though they took an oped by the sea. To the north, we have portunity to give some lectures on beneath us the New Towa; a fruitful Anatomy and Botany, that is, on of. plain lies behind, bounded by a consi- ficinal plants. In the year 1720, the derable arm of the sea, which stretches whole art of healing first began to be far into the land; and a high mountain taught. In general, it is from this peappears behind these. To the west riod, that the illustration of the whole lies a wide plain, divided by a hill, University may be dated. The names terminating, at a greater distance, in of the great men, who taught here, are a mountain. The view to the south so fresh in our memory that it cannot is nearly the only that it is more be necessary to recount their merits.
Those of the physicians Monro, Gre- may be expected, are very highly gory, Cullen, and Black, must be for prized. Dr Monro the father, nota erer memorable.
withstanding his great age, is still fresh The building, in which lectures are and active. His services to this Unigiven, having partly fallen to ruin, versiiy are boundless. Nothing is and partly also having been found too more ardently desired, than that this small, they have begun, within these learned man may long be able to defew
years, to build a new one. The vote his services to it. He has besides want of the necessary funds has, how- the greatest medical and surgical pracever, prevented the completion of this tice in Edinburgh; we may say, in all work, which was planned on a very Scotland, large scale. The Façade is magnifi- The amphitheatre, in which the lec, cent. Pity that this edifice should not tures are given, is roomy and lightbe in the New Town.
The table, on which the professor deThe library of this University is monstrates, is shaped like a desk; a considerable, and of general use. most convenient arrangement, which Every candidate who wishes to have I have no where else seen.
The anaa the benefit of it, has only to pay half. tomical preparations which have served a-croin at the beginning of the col for the lectures are laid out for some lege-year; yet most give voluntarily days in an adjoining room, that the larger sums. They carry the books students may examine them, and go to their houses, after depositing the va- over again the lectures. This custom lue of them,
is well deserving of imitation. The Every year two courses are given collection of anatomico- pathological in this University, which are called preparations is very considerable. They the Winter and Summer course. The are formed for the most part by the former is the most considerable, as deceased Dr Monro and his son. Amany professors give no lectures du mong the anatomical preparations is ring the summer.
particularly shewn a rich collection of The order of medical lectures is as diseased bones, and of calculi. The follows:
department of comparative anatomy The Winter Course (from the be- has been particularly enriched by Dr ginning of November to the end of Monro, junior; and the services of Mr April.)
Fyffe, the dissector, in the whole of Materia Medica. Dr James Home. this cabinet, are very highly extolled.
The cabinet is indeed under the immeDr Home is son to the celebrated diate superintendance of Dr Monro, author of Principia Medicine. I had junior. It is merely intended to furnot an opportunity of forming an ac- nish materials for the lectures, and it quaintance with him, as he was in the evidently expresses its aim. Yet as, country. Dr Home is understood to like every other cabinet of this art, it lean more than the other professors to should be occasionally shewn to learnthe system of Brown, and treats Ma- ed inquirers, it were to be wished, that teria Medica for the most part on the a better order were introduced into it. principles of that writer.
The dissecting room is in the highest Anatomy and Surgery, Drs Mon- part of the house, an arrangement ro, Father and Son. From 1 to 3. which must be excessively inconve
The first half of this course relates nient. to Anatomy, the second to Surgery. Chemistry & Pharmacy. Dr Hope. Monro the father commonly opens the From 10 to 11. course, and leaves his son to continue Dr Hope, on the day after my arit. The lectures of the former, as rival in Edinburgh, undertook a jour
From 8 to 9.
ney to London. I was thus deprived of ced in the zealous co-operation of our the opportunity of longer enjoying his troops now engaged in the country of acquaintance: this 1 regretted the Spain; and may, perhaps, instruct more, as the short time, during which Buonaparte, that it will be a work of I enjoyed his conversation, gave me no ordinary difficulty for him to add the most advantageous idea of him; an one leaf of laurel to his wreath, when idea which has been completely streng- he has to contend with Britons. thened by every thing which I have
Timox. since learned of this Professor.
ALICANT is a city and port, situatMedical Institutions, i.e. Physiology ed in lat. 38° 24' N. long. 0.0 and in connection with Pathology, and Uni- commanded by a strong castle, stand. versal Therapeutics. Dr Duncan, sen. ing on a rock, at a small distance from
I reserve till a future time what I the sea, about sixty-eight miles south have to say of this valuable lecturer. from the capital city of Valencia. This eminent man lectures also once There was in it, a pretty good garria week on Medical Police, and Medi- son, under the command of Maj.-Gen. cina Forensis.
Richards, which made an obstinate deMidwifery. Dr James Hamilton. fence against a very numerous army From 3 to 4.
of the enemy, with a very large train This Professor also was absent from of heavy artillery, and excellently supEdinburgh. I saw unattended his de- plied with ammunition. At last, the livery room, which is very small. A city being absolutely untenable, the bout thirty births may take place in garrison resolved to retire into the casit annually. Dr Hamilton lectures tle, which had hitherto been esteemed also the diseases of women. impregnable. They sunk three cis(To be continued.)
terns in the solid rock, and then, with incredible labour, filled them with wa
ter. The troops that retired into it, Brave Defence of the CASTLE of were Sir Charles Hotham's regiment, ALICANT in 1709.
and that of Colonel Sibourg, (general
ly called the French regiment, beTo the Editor.
cause it was composed of refugees.)SIR,
After some progress made in this se. AT T such a time as this, when every cond siege, the French saw that it was
eye is directed to the glorious impossible to do any great matter in struggle now carrying forward in the usual way, and therefore, contrary Spain; and when our gallant coun- to all expectation, resolved upon a trymen are on the eve of acting a con- work, excessively laborious, and in spicuous part in defence of that gal. all outward appearance impracticable; lant nation, I presume, Sir, to direct which was that of mining through the the attention of your readers to the solid rock, in order to blow up the following instance of unparalleled he- castle and its garrison into the air toroism in a handful of British troops, gether. At first, Maj.-Gen. Sibourg, who were besieged in the Castle of and all the officers in the place, lookAlicant, in the year 1709, during the ed upon the enemy's scheme as a thing reign of Queen Anne; and altho' the utterly impossible to be accomplished, issue of this unequal contest terminat- and were secretly well pleased with ed in the surrender of the fort, yet it their undertaking, in hopes it would will serve to point out (if proof was give time for our fleet to come to their wanting) that the most unbounded relief: yet this did not hinder them confidence may, undoubtedly, be pla- from doing all that lay in their power,
to incommode the workmen, and, at upon this; the French message delilast, to countermine them *.
vered, and the engineers made their The besiegers, however, wrought so report ; the besieged acknowledged incessantly, and brought such num- their want of water ; but believing bers of peasants to assist them in their the fleet might be sensible of their labours, that they having, in about distress, and consequently under some twelve weeks time, finished the works concern for their relief, their unanithought proper for this service, by mous resolution was, to commit themvery experienced engineers, and char selves to the providence of God, and, ged them with 1,500 barrels of pow. whatever fate attended them, to stand der, several large beams, iron bars and the springing of the mine. The French
crows, and other utensils of destruc- were extremely concerned at this an* tion, summoned the castle to surren- swer, and the second night of the three
der, March 20th, most solemnly as. allowed, sent to divert them from what suring a safe and honourable convoy they called inexcusable obstinacy, ofto Barcelona, with bag and baggage fering the same honourable articles
, as - for every person in it, if they submit- before, upon that late compliance ; Ited within three days, and prevented but these still were rejected by the be
the ruin of the castle ; but threatened sieged. The fatal third night apotherwise, no mercy should be sbewn, proaching, and no fleet seen, the if any might accidentally escape the French sent their last summons, and blow: and, to demonstrate the reality withal, an assurance, that their mine
of their design, they desired the garri. was primed, and should be sprung by si son might depute three, or more engi- six o'clock the next morning; and :: neers, with other gentlemen of com- though, as they saw all hope and pros* petent skill, to view their works, and pect of relief was vain, yet there was
make a faithful report of what they room for mercy still, and the terms - saw. Accordingly, two field-officers already proposed was in their power
went to the mine, and were allowed to accept. The besieged persisted in the liberty of making what scrutiny their adherence to the result of their they pleased : upon which, they told first council, and the French met their
governor, that if their judgement usual answer again; therefore, as a failed them not, the explosion would prologue to their intended tragedy, carry up the whole castle to the east, they ordered all the inhabitants of ermost battery, unless it took vent in that quarter to withdraw from their their own counter-mine, or vein ; but houses before five o'clock the ensuing at least, they conceived it would carry morning. The besieged, in the mean away the sea-battery, the lodging time, kept a general guard, devoting rooms in the castle.close, some of the themselves to their meditations. The chambers cut for soldiers barracks, , Major-General, Colonel Sibourg, and and, they very much feared, might af Lieutenant-Colonel Thornicroft of Sir fect the great cistern +.
Charles Hotham's regiment, sat togeA grand council of war was called ther in the governor's usual lodging
room; other officers cantoned them* Burchet, Oldmixon, compleat his. selves as their tempers inclined them tory of Europe, atoals of Queen Aane, to pass the melancholy night I. Pointer's chronological history,
At + Taubman's memoirs of the British feels and squadrons in the Mediteiranean, life of Queen Anne, compleat his. | Mercure historique et politique fur tory of Europe for the year 1999. His.
1709, vol. i. p. 472. Taulman, Old tory of the late war.