He soon


nor see me.

good and advantageous.

him *." My father came and told me learned, however, that this step had what had passed between them. I thrown him completely out of favour, thought it hard to be sent, and not to at Court. The Queen considered all see her; but my father told me plainly,

that she would neither speak with me, her courtiers as admirers; and matri

"Sir, said I, “ if she be mony became thus an act of infidelity on such hard terms with me, I had need to herself. Cary, who knew whom be wary what I do, If I go to the he had to deal with, having, after a King without her license, it were in her long period of disgrace, found access power to bang vet at my return; and, to her, was careful not to act the pe- her." My father 'merily went to the

for any thing I see,i t were ill trusting nitent, but reproached her in his turn, with a coldness which alone had dri Queen, and told her what I said. She

answered, “ if the gentleman be so mis. ten him to the step that so grievous trustiul, let the Secretary make a safe ly offended her; declaring, " that if conduct to go and come, and I will sign she had but graced him with the least it."

P. 58. of her favours, he had never left her, ñor her Court." This mode of de- The account given by the Author fence, leaving her still room to suppose of the Queen's last moments, of which that she was the object of his passion, he was a witness, will interest our pacified her Majesty, and restored him readers. to favour.

After that all things were quieted, It would appear that the Queen and the Border in safety, towards the ruled over her courtiers with a very end of five years that I had been war. high hand, and that, in her treatment den there, having little to do, I resolved of them, she did not much pique her- upon a journey to court, to see my self on an adherence to the most com

friends, and renew my acquaintance mon principles of faith or honesty. of the year t. When I came to court,

there. I took my journey about the end She had occasion for a tresty mes- I found the Queen ill disposed, and she senger to send to the King of Scot- kept her inner lodging ; yet she, hear. land; and though in the height of hering of my arrival, sent for me. I found resentment against Cary, prudence so her in one of her withdrawing chambers, far got the better of resentment, that sitting low upon her cushions. She calshe determined to employ him on this led me to her ; I kissed her hand, and delicate commission. The following see her in safety, and in health, which

told her it was my chiefest happiness to is his account of the manner in which I wished might long continue. She took she set about it:

me by the hand, and wrung it hard, and My father shewed the letter to the said, “ No, Robin, I am not well," and Queen. She was not willing that my then discoursed with me of her indispobro, her should stir out of the town * ; sition, and that her heart had been sad but knowing, though she would not and heavy for ten or twelve days; and know, that I was in court, she said, “I in her discourse, she fetched not so few hear your fine son, that has lately mar. as forty or fifty great sighs. I was grieried so worthily, is hereabouts ; send ved at the first to see her in this plight; him, if you will, to know the king's for in all my lifetime before, I never pleasure.' My father answered, he

knew knew I would be glad to obey her com. mands. “ No," said she, “ do you bid * Still maintaining her dignity, yet him go, for I have nothing to do with impatient to have him go.

† By this expression may be seen the * The town of Berwick, from whence terror in which this mighty princess the Queen would not have him stir, be governed her subjects. By the unre. cause she did not deem him to be a pro- laxed tightness with which she grasped per messenger, knowing there was a the reins of government, she was at once better within call.

beloved and feared.

# 16o2. .


P. 119.

knew her fetch a sigh, but when the good man told her plainly what she was, Queen of Scots was beheaded. Then, and what she was to come to; and upon my knowledge, she shed many though she had been long a great Queen tears and sighs, manifesting her inno. here upon earth, yet shortly she was to cence, that she never gave consent to yield an account of her stewardship is the death of that Queen.

the King of kings. After this he began I used the best words I could, to per- to pray, and all that were by did ausu er suade her from this melancholy humour; him. After he had continued long in but I found by her it was too deep root- prayer, till the old man's kpees were ed in her heart, and hardly to be remo- weary, he blessed her, and meast to rise ved. This was upon a Saturday night, and leave her. The Queen made a siga and she gave command, that the great with her hand. My sister Scroop know. closet should be prepared for her to going her meaning, told the bishop the to chapel next morning. The next day, Queen desired he would pray still. He all things being in a readiness," we long did so for a long half liour after, and expected her coming. After eleven o' then thought to leave her, The second clock, one of the grooms came out, and time she made signs to tave him con bade make ready for the private closet, tinue in prayer. He did so for half an she would not go to the great. There hour more, with earnest cries to God we stayed long for her coming, but at for her soul's health, which he uttered the last she had cushions laid for her in with that fervency of spirit, as the the privy chamber hard by the closet Queen, to all our sight, much rejoiced door, and there she heard service. thereat, and gave testimony to us all

of From that day forwards, she grew her Christian and comfortable end. By worse and worse. She remained upon this time, it grew late, and every one her cushions four days and nights at the departed, all but her women that at. beast. All about her could not persuade tended lier. her either to take any sustenance, or go

No grief, however, which Sir Roto bed.

P.115. bert might feel upon the occasion, The Queen grew worse and because she would be so, none about her diverted him from his usual occupa. being able to persuade her to go to bed. tion; or from setting off, the moment My Lord Admiral was sent for, (who, the scene was over, at full gallop, and by reason of my sister's death, that was being the first to announce to James his wife, had absented himself some fort this, to him, joyful intelligence. night from court;) what by fair means,

The next part of Cary's memoirs, what by force, he got her to bed. There was no hope of her recovery, because

which is really curious and amusing, she refused all remedies.

is his account of the affairs of the BorOn Wednesday, the 23d of March,' ders, and of the turbulent and distracshe grew speechless. That afternoon, ted state of society which at that time by signs, she called for her council, and still continued to prevail there. Our , by putting her hand to her head, when the king of Scots was named to succeed East, and then in the West March,

Author was employed, first in the her, they all knew he was the man she desired should reign after her.

and seems to have exerted an unusual About six at night she made signs: degree of activity in repressing the infor the archbishop and her chaplains to roads of his turbulent neighbours

. come to her, at which time I went in Among other natratives the following with them, and sat upon my knees full may serve to give an idea of the sort, of tears to see that heavy sight. Her of rencounters which took place : Majesty lay upon her back, with one hand in the bed, and the other without. I had private intelligence given me. The bishop kneeled down, by her, and that there were two Scottishmen that examined her first of her faith ; and she had killed a churchman in Scotland, and só punctually answered all his several were by one of the Greenes * relieved. questions, by lifting up her eyes, and

This holding up her hand, as it was a com fort to all the bebolders. Then the * Erroneously printed for Græmes, a


This Greene dwelt within five miles of about two o'clock in the morning I took Carlisle : he had a preity house, and horse in Carlisle, and not above twenty. ciose by it a strong tower for his own five in my company, thinking to surprise defence in time of weed. I thought to the house on a sudden. Before I could sarprise the Scots on a sudden, and surround the house, the two Scots were

gotten into the strong tower, and I clan of Borderers thus described in a might see a boy riding from the house nule on the Lay of the Last Minstrel, as fast as his horse could carry him; I

* John Grahame, second son of Mo. little suspecting what it meant. But lice, Earl of Monteith, commonly sur

Thomas Carleton came to me presently, named Foba with the Bright Sword, upon and told me, that if I did not presently some" displeasure risen against him at prevent it, both myself and all my com. court, retired with many of his clan and pany would be either slain or taken prikindred into the English Borders in the soners. It was strange to me to hear reign of king Henry the Fourth, where this language. He then said to me, they seated themselves; and many of “Do you see that boy that rideth away their posterity have continued there so fasi? He will be in Scotland within ever since. Mr Sandford, speaking of this half hour; and he is gone to let them, says (which indeed was applica- them know, that you are here, and to cable to most of the Borderers on both what end you are come, and the small sides,) “ They were all stark moss-trou. number you have with you; and that if pers, and arrant thieves : Both to Eng. they will make haste, on a sudden they land and Scotland outlawed; yet some. may surprise us, and do with us what times cunnived at, because they gave they please." Hereupon we took adintelligence forth of Scotland, and would vice what was best to be done. We raise 400 horse at any time upon a raid sent notice presently to all parts to raise, of the English into Scotland. A saying the country, and to come to us with all is recorded of a mother to her son (which the speed they could ; and withal we is now become proverbial) Ride, Rowlic, sent to Carlisle to raise the townsmen; bougb's i' the pot : that is, the last piece for without foot we could ds no good of beef was in the pot, and therefore it against the tower. There we staid some was high time for him to go and fetch hours, expecting more company; and more." Introduction to the History of within short time after, the country Cumberland.

came in on all sides, so that we were “ 'The residence of the Græmes being quickly between three and four hundred chiefly in the Debateable Land, so cal. horse ; and, after some little longer led because it was claimed by both king- stay, the foot of Carlisle came to us, to doms, their depredations extended both the number of three or four hundred to England and Scotland, with impuni- men; whom we set presently at work, ty; for as both wardens accounted them to get up to the top of the tower, and the proper subjects of their own prince, to uncover the roof; and then some neither inclined to demand reparation twenty of them to fall down together, for their excesses from the opposite of. and by that means to win the tower. ficers, which would have been an ac. The Scots, seeing their present danger, knowledgement of his jurisdiction over offered to parley, and yielded themselves them. Ste a long correspondence on to my mercy. They had no sooner this subject betwixt Lord Dacre and the opened the iron gate, and yielded them. English Privy Council, in Introduction selves my prisoners, but we might see to History of Cumberland. The Debate. four hundred horse within a quarter of able Land was finally divided betwixt a mile coming to their rescue, and to England and Scotland by commission. surprise me and my small company; ers appointed by both nations.” The but of a sudden they stayed, and stood Græmes, after the accession of James at gaze. Then had I more to do than VI. to the English throne, were by a , ever ; for all our Borderers came crying very summary exertion of power trans- with full mouths, “Sir, give us leave to ported to Ireland. E.

set upon them; for these are they that *This was probably Netherby Tower, have killed our fathers, our brothers, which is still standing, E.

our uncles, and our cousins ; aud they


are come,

thinking to surprise you, upon mantic Composition in Scotland. weak grass nags *, such as they could By John Finlay, 2 vols. 14s. Printget on a sudden; and God hath put

ed by Ballantyne. Edinr. 1808. them into your hands, that we may take Tevenge of them for much blood that IN the ballads which Mr Finlay has

here presented to the publie, he they would be patient awhile, and be does not make pretension to originalithought myself, if I should give them ty, with the exception of a few comtheir wills, there would be few, or none posed by himself, and which possess of them, (the Scots) that would escape considerable merit. They are mostly unkilled, (there was so many deadly copied from the works of former colfeuds among them,) and therefore I resolved with myself, to give them a fair lectors; Pinkerton, Percy, Johnson answer, but not to give them their de. and Ritson. He has said nothing as sire. So I told them, that if I were not to the object of his work, or the printhere myself, they might then do what ciple by which his selection was guidpleased themselves; but being present, ed; and as to the latter point especi. if I should give them leave, the blood ally, we must own ourselves rather at that should be spilt that day would lie

a loss. The most eligible plan we very heavy upon my conscience, and therefore I desired them, for my sake, think would have been, to select from to forbear; and if the Scots did not

the different collections of this kind, presently make away with all the speed such poems as possess real and consithey could upon my sending to them, derable poetical merit ; and as most they should then have their wills to do of them are interesting chiefly as obwhat they pleased. They were iil sa

jects of curiosity, the collection need risfied with my answer, but durst 100

not have been very numerous. It disobey. I sent with speed to the Scots, and bade them pack away with all the would not appear, however, from maspeed they could; for if they staved the ny instances in these volumes, that messenger's return, they should few of this was in the author's contemplathem return to their own home. They tion. made no stay ; but they were turned Mr Finlay has prefixed a dissertahomewards before the messenger had tion respecting the earlier historical and made an end of his message. Thus, by romantic poetry of Scotland, which, God's mercy, I escaped a great danger; though by no means elaborate, being and, by my means, there were a great many men's lives saved that day. merely founded upon inquiries into

P. 45. which he was led in preparing these In the same volume we find reprint- ballads for the press, seems to shew ined the “ Fragmen'a Regalia, or His- genuity and information. He divides tory of Queen Elizabeth's favourites." these relics of antiquity into romances It contains characters of that Princess and popular ballads. He is of opinion, and her principal courtiers, which are that of the romances, none can be redrawn not without discrimination, and ferred to a Scottish original ; that they interspersed with many curious anec- are all French, and that the only Bridotes.

tish romances are those derived from the Normans. Of Scottish ballads, he

is inclined to think Sir Patrick Spens II. Scottish Historical and Romantic the most ancient. The allusions to a

Ballads, chiefly Ancient; with Es- state of comparative refinement, might planatory Notes, and a Glossary. have been superinduced in the course To which are prefixed, some Re. of tradition. marks on the Early State of Ro- In regard to fragments and varia

tions collected by Mr Finlay, the fol* Horses taken up from grass, and lowing is all which he considers as deunfit for-hard exercise. E.

serving of preservation.


To the well-known ballad of Johnnie of The Bonnie Earl of Murray-Edom Braidiskee, which it seems doubtful whether o Gordon-Gude Wallace Sir Cauwe should place among our romantic or historical poems, I am enabled to add one

line-Glasgerion—The Battle of Costanza, which seems, to me, to describe richie-The Battle of Harlaw-Lady expressively the languor of approaching Mary Ann - Jamie Douglas – The death:

bonnio Earl of Murray-The bonnie There's no a bird in a' this foreste, house of Airly-The Gypsie Laddie Will do as meikle for me,

Lammikin (two copies) - Sweet As dip its wing in the wan water An' straik it on my e'e-bree.

Willie — The Young Johnston - The

Mermaid_Willie Mackintosh. Mo. Another romantic ballad, of which unfortunately one stanza only has been pre

dern. Earl Douglas-Archie Kilspinserved, is the more deserving of mention, die-Auld Walter-The Wee. Wee from its singular agreement with a super- Man-Als Y yod on ay Mounday. stition, recorded by Schott in his Physica The three first of the modern balCuriosa

, and quoted by Mr Scott's The lads are by our author himself. They carried away by the Fairies; and that al- support very well the reputation which though invisible to her friends who were he acquired by his “ Wallace.” They in search

of her, she was sometimes heard shew very considerable poetical talents, tic song, of which the stanza just" men- and as close an imitation of the an tioned runs nearly thus :

cient ballad as can be expected in a 0, Alva hills is bonny,

writer of this day. As a specimen, we Dalycoutry hills is fair,

shall give “ Auld Walter." But to think on the braes of Menstrie, It maks my heart fu' sair.

"O, many a sun," said an auld grey carle, *

“ Has in my day risen an' gane down, There is another fragment still remain

But a redder, I trow, I never saw, ing, which appears to have belonged to a

Than the ane that's settin' ahint † the balled of adventure, perhaps of real history: I am acquainted with no poem of which the lines, as they stand, can be supposed to

“An' the westlin' sky, sae braid an' wide,

It scauds like a fire-flaught my auld e'e;

An' Stirling towers I hardly ken,
Saddled, and briddled,

They look like some wark o'glamoury.ll
And booted rade he;
Toom hame cam che saddle,

“ There was just sic anither gaed down i'.

the west, But never cam he.

An' the sky was covered wi' that same Down cam his auld mither,

Greetin fu' sair;

An' Hermitage was as eerie** to see,
And down cam his bonny wife The night That Lord William at Embro!
Wringing her hair.

was slain.
Saddled, and briddled,

"I'm auld, its true,-an' when I'm wae, And boored rade he ;

I'm ay mair fricheed tt than need may be ; Toom hame cam the saddle,

But I wish my young lord was in his ain But never cam he.

ha', Pref. Vol. I. p. 31.

An' me there to serve him on my knee."

“ Deed It father, ye needna be sad nor wae,. Mr Finlay has also added to his For Lord Douglas ye ha'e richt little to ballads pretty large notes, on the model of those given in the Minstrelsy of For the strength o' a' the Border side the Border. The following is a list

Marched in the day beneath his spear.

« Ye of those which he has introduced into these volumes :

* Carle, churl, man.

Ahint, behind. ANCIENT BALLADS. Hardyknute Scauds like a fire.flaught, scorches like - Sir Patrick Spens-Frennet Ha'- lightning.

| Glamoury, magical delusions.

** Eerie, fearful. * See Minstrelsy, II. 188. 2d edit.

tt Frichted, afraid.

# Deed, indeed. December isos.


have formed a part:


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