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of all hues. On the death of the Colo- prized by every lover of liberty.” All nel, the place descended to his bro- this may be true; yet we may conceive ther Dean Marlay, afterwards Bishop that the sequel of his career is not of Clonfert. Some alterations having easily reconcilable with this pane. taken place in the grounds, Grattan gyric. It must have perplexed the took umbrage at this invasion of their author not a little to be compelled to sanctity, and addressed this remon- say, that—" Late in life, Mr Forbes strance to their proprietor.
accepted a situation in New Provi
dence." (The author will not call it VANESSA'S BOWER TO DEAN MARLAY.
a place.) If we cannot see any actual “ Othou ! too prompt at fickle fashion's crime in this acceptance, we cannot call,
find any palliation of it, if it be one, For the sloped bank to change the useful
in the prudent notice—that “ he had wall;
refused a more lucrative one at home, To break those clumps that in meet order offered by Lord Camden in 1796." stand,
This shows, only, that he became
fonder of public pay when old than
wiser as he grew older. The plea is, Like him to live a wit, and die a Dean,
to act against his principles.” But Check here, at least, thy innovating haste,
we must leave it to the logic of Je
suitism to disentangle the difficulty. Stop here, at least, thy fopperies of taste : Kaow, more than beauty pleads for thy
The mover of pension and place bills retreat,
is not exactly the man who can with And sacred spirits guard my ivied seat.
impunity accept place under the Go. Here the stern satirist and the witty maid,
vernment which he has tried to fetter, Talk'd pretty love, nor yet profaned the
and whose patronage he has stigma.. shade :
tized with corruption. The line bere Here, too, his nobler leisure to attend, drawn between doing the work of a lerne's genius met her earliest friend, corrupt Government abroad and at Long ere she hoped to break her iron chain, home, is too delicate for our vision. Or dreamt of freedom's law, or Portland's The withdrawal of a patriot from Parreign.
liament, to become a placeman any Oh! spare those shades, where our first poet where, is the subduction of parliamentsung;
tary force, a negative desertion, a halfEach vagrant bough with sacred wreaths is
way house of character; and the man hung.
who hopes thus to screen the practical So may each new vicissitude of taste
denial of his principles under cover of Spare thy trim lawns, nor leave thy flowers
his personal escape from the spot to waste.
where he avowed them, may enjoy a May sportive statesmen love the walks you've
situation in New Providence, but will made, And more than mortal beauty grace thy
be apt to be remembered only as a shade."
hypocrite in England.
We come to a more important cha. Allusion has been made to one
racter, Yelverton, afterwards Chief member who supported Grattan in this Baron. He had begun life a peasant ; struggle. He seems to have been had distinguished himself by his classalmost the only sincere one-John ical acquirements in the university; Forbes, unshaken, unsubdued, un
and, on his adoption of the bar, had terrified," a second Abdiel ; and, like rapidly risen into emolument and his leader, an enthusiast. - This in- fame. On his entrance into Parliadividual was incorruptible; he was one ment he instantly assumed a foremost of the most amiable of men, mild in rank. “ Yelverton was a first-rate speakhis mind and manners, but firm of pur- ker, nearly the most powerful one in his pose. He was offered place, and re. day. His style was short and strong; fused it. He supported all the ques- he never wandered from his subject, tions regarding Irish freedom with either to the right or the left. He was great ability. He proposed the Place endowed with a masculine understandBill and the Pension Bill. By the ing, and saw the strong point of every latter he limited the pensions to thing. But his fire was so ardent, that L.80,000. He served the people
it quickly consumed the fuel which fed faithfully, and his name should be it. He was deficient in his tones and
manner, and he wanted taste. Yet, with- like Burgh, nor adorn it with pointed out these accomplishments, his speech. sentences, like Flood, who was a mases were superior, and even sublime ora- ter of the art of oratory; but he tions.” It is justly observed, as a matter came forth with a strength of reason. of regret, that almost nothing is pre- ing, that struck the listener as the served of them which can give an ade- finest species of ratiocination. Gratquate conception of their merits. Yet tan compared him, and well, to the a few sentences may be given, as a rolling of the Atlantic wave, a column specimen of that mixture of argumen- three thousand niles deep!"
tative force and poetic beauty which A proof of his prudence is given. i distinguishes the nobler spirit of the Flood had taken the favourite ques
often-calumniated Irish style. The tion of the day, Payning's Law, out di subject is the unpropitious one of a of his hands. Yelverton, however
Sugar Bill. Yelverton launched out indignant, suffered it so to remain. into principle. “ Destroy one part of He wished to avoid Flood's merciless the system of trade, and you destroy tongue. He was accustomed to say, the whole-you destroy all trade.” 66 I shall yet ascend the bench; and He then adverted to the abuse of the it is best that I should not ascend it past popular acquisitions, " He could soiled by the abuse of any individual.” not help. remarking the prostituted He ascended it unsoiied. On the use which had been made of the term death of Hussey Burgh he was mado Free Trade.' When we first re- Chief Baron. ceived it, an intemperate burst of ap- His powers at the bar were of the
plause broke forth, like the extrava. first order. Lord Annesley (Chief di gance of lunacy, or the giddy joy of a Judge) who was certainly not partial child.
If a constitutional question to Yelverton, used to say, “that he was started, if grievances were repre- was the best advocate he ever heard sented, we were answered--you have in either England or Ireland." He got a free trade. If a declaration of our carried away the court, the hearers, rights was demanded we should be the jury, while listening to him.” But, satisfied with a free trade. If a modifica with all his prudence, he could sometionofan oppressive law was attempted, times be furious. On one occasion, we were stunned with the explanation Fitz-Gibbon (Lord Clare) hadattacked -you have got a free trade. Your free Grattan, who was not then in the trade was food and raiment to you; it House; Yelverton started up, and was the burden of the ministerial replied to the charges, concluding song; it was the lullaby which hushed with these fiery paragraphs,—" If my your necessities to rest, and the re- friend were present, the lionourable quiem which was sung over the per. gentleman would take some time to turbed spirit of your poverty! Every consider, before he hazarded an en
! struggle for liberty was called sedi- counter with his genius, his eloquence, tion-a free trade was thrown out as and his integrity. My honourable a bubble, and meant to answer all the friend did not provoke the attack, ends of those who never meant to equally ungenerous and untrue, and grant you any:
The people will see for which no justification can be found too late that they have been amused in any part of his splendid career. with a plaything; and, when they That learned gentleman has stated have lost it, will sit down like a child, what Mr Grattan is-Ishall state what
for all that their folly has he is not. He is not styed in his prelost them."
judices; he does not trample on the reYelverton had striking qualifications suscitation of his country, or live, like for public life. He was a great law- a caterpillar, on the decay of her proyer, as well as a man of elegant know- sperity; he does not stickle for the letter ledge. He had alike the physical and of the constitution with the affectation. mental requisites of the orator: “ of a prude, and abandon its principles great volume of voice, a rich flow of with the effrontery of a prostitute." ideas, a rapid imagination, an austere The true cause which enabled pathos: his speeches were a regular,' Grattan to advance, against the Gocontinued flow of legal reasoning. vernment and without his party, was When he warmed upon a subject, his the growing force of the volunteers. mind and his eye fixed: he did not from a protecting militia they had illumine his speech by brilliant figures, become a disposing army; from solNO, CCLXXXVIII. VOL. XLVI.
diers they had become politicians ; what sudden change of course it might and from the servants of the constitu. not turn to the earth, and crush and tion had become the arbiters of Par- consume. But Ireland was fortun. liament. This state of things natu- ately relieved from leaving her ashes rally excited especial alarm, at a period as an example. The cessation of the when America was still at war, and American war brought back the day; 13:6, be when the example of her revolt was the irregular light was wasted no the perpetual topic of all the mischiev- more, in the return of the sunshine. I ous and shortsighted tribe that longed waned before the eye, and, after a few zaple to profit by public plunder in an Irish wild flashes, vanished below the horizon, rebellion. Burke alludes to this ha- The man who raised Grattan first zard in his speech to the electors of before the people, ought not to be for. Bristol. He described it as the esta- gotten. We have already said that blishment of “ a military power in this most honest of all Whigs, perhaps the dominions of the Crown, without the only honest Whig that ever exist- A, and the consent of the British legislature, ed, came into Parliament originally as contrary to the policy of the constitu. member for a borough, under the pation, contrary to the declaration of tronage of Lord Charlemont. The noright." - Two illegal armies are seen, ble lord was the artist who fashioned said he, "with banners displayed at the the future idol and placed him on the same time, and in the same country. altar, to see the sculptor eclipsed by the No executive magistrate, no judica- work of his hands. * Lord Charlemont ture in Ireland, will acknowledge the was the balloon, and Grattan the man legality of the army which bears the in the parachute. When it had raised King's commission, and no law, or him high enough to catch the popular appearance of law, authorizes the army gaze, the balloon was cut off and let commissioned by itself.”
fly into the clouds or the sea ; while Burke's capacious vision even then the man in the parachute came down contemplated the consequences of put into the popular arms, to be applauded ting power into the hands of the mul- and wondered at, and carried in an titude. He argued on the natural ovation. But Charlemont was a me. dangers of force and irresponsibility morable man. Without power of any combined ; the follies natural to great kind, large property, or striking bodies of men guided by the frauds of talents, he became suddenly the first faction; the boundless field which po nobleman of Ireland. Grattan's de pular passion throws open for the de- scription of him is grateful, and yet magogue; and the desperate wicked- unexaggerated. ness into which that demagogue is _" He was the most accomplishready to plunge the nation for the ed man of his day ; the most polished mosť selfish prize of power. This and the most agreeable. In these reBurke saw, and this he deprecated, spects he was superior to any pereven in 1780; a clear evidence that son who had yet appeared in Ireland, he never was a Whig. If he had been, or probably whom Ireland will ever he might have seen, but he never again behold. His society was charmwould have deprecated. He bore the ing. He was fond of humour, and name -of a Whig, because, in being occasionally indulged in sarcasm, but thrown a stranger on the great plain never on his company. He was full of public life, he had first accident- ofs pirit, integrity, and public virtue. ally wandered into the ranks of the He possessed ambition, a great love Whigs. But when the campaign be- of power, a great contempt for money, came real, when the field-day flourishes the consideration of which never enwere over, and he found them hoisting tered into his mind : he was incorthe revolutionary flag, he boldly ruptible. His spirit and integrity marched over in front of the two would not permit him to yield to Gom armies, ranged himself under the stand- vernment; but when the people had ard of the monarchy, and stood forth, triumphed, he strove to reconcile the the noblest champion of law, loyalty, parties, and would not abandon the and religion.
Government on a question which enThe volunteers passed away. They dangered it." were a brilliant phenomenon, but a It is clear that this man never was formidable one: their light was me- a Whig. We have the additional teoric, and it was impossible to tell by evidence.." One predominant fea
ture in his character was a sacred at while they encouraged their spirit and tachment to the British connexion. formation, they gave a regulated tone His desire was, to keep well with to liberty. He was a good Latin England, and he worked in favour of scholar, and knew Greek remarkably Government, not for this or that mi well; he had travelled much, and was nister, but for the Government solely, well versed in the continental lan. and was not only anxious to have the , guages. He was fond of poetry, and people supporting him, but to have composed some light and pretty the people supporting the Government." things ; his intimacy with Marley, Let libel say what it will, this man the Bishop of Waterford, encouraged was no Whig. He was the anti- this pastime, and their mutual taste podes of Whiggism. He might as led them to an epistolary correspon. well be called a negro born in Christ- dence, partly verse, partly prose, full endom with a white skin, a Roman of humour, raillery, and wit.” nose, and thin lips. He wanted the We give a slight specimen of this selfishness, the rashness, the vice, and easy courtship of the nine, and in the vulgarity of Whiggism.
their own country. He had been tra. We fully agree with the elder velling in Greece—no slight achieveGrattan (for it is impossible that the ment in the year 1749, and for a younger should have written the young noble of twenty-one. At that words), that “it was most fortunate time the Morea and the Islands were that such an individual existed. [The almost a terra incognita to the more volunteers had chosen Lord Charle- civilized portions of Europe.
- How mont for their general-in-chief.] His many times," says his letter to Margrave and civil character was neces. ley, “I wished that you could have sary to restrain the ardour of the vo- seen us in some of the droll equipages lunteers, and rescue them from their in which we have been during our own excesses, for he well knew that abode in the Islands, mounted on liberty loses half its value if it is pur- asses, and glad to get them— pada chased by victory over the people. saddles, without either bridle or stirThere are times, and there are occur. rups-seven or eight days without a rences, when a man ought to stop, and bed to lie on, encamped on desert should prefer to break with his party, to islands ! My birth-day this year we going forward. Yet few men who have kept at sea, between the Islands of acquired popularity possess courage Crete and Cos-the feast was celeenough to risk its loss.”
brated with several actings, dutiful It is equally impossible to disagree and voluntary, firing of cannon, &c. with those sentiments. The com. No kind bard being here to write my mand of the volunteers was the com- birth-day ode, and the sea gods being mand of a vast power, which, in the bad poets, I am obliged to cry my hands of a political traitor, might own ballad, an extempore as you will have subverted the kingdom. The easily perceive. first extravagance of the volunteers resisted by Government might have “ My Marley! see the rolling years brought on a civil war; and the first With certain speed our lives devour ; drop of blood shed in this war might Each day its due proportion bears, have been the spring-head of torrents. And nearer brings the fatal hour. The prejudice of party led some to say, that this noble person was merely 66 'Tis one-and-twenty years this day, a man with exquisite manners; but Since first I drew my vital breath; they were mistaken.
He was a man So much the nearer to decay ! of excellent sense. He was at the So much have I approach'd to death ! head of a most powerful national army, supported by the upper classes,
“ He well hath lived, who, when the sun and comprising all. He assisted in
Departing yields to low'ring night, leading them on to civil liberty. He Can say, This day my task is done, assisted also in guarding them against And let to-morrow seize its right. popular excesses.
His private life was that of an ele- “ No more of that this festal day, gant and cultivated mind. “ He wrote In harmless pleasure let us pass. well; his replies to the addresses of One bumper toast : I'll show the way, the volunteers were excellent ; and
'Tis Marley's health, fill up my glass!"
Don't you think the tossing of the ship we will take nothing. I have £500 is in these lines ? I don't think my a-year.” This self-denial had its re. residence at Delos, the sacred birth. ward, and deserved to have it. " As place of Apollo, has much improved the ministers could not purchase me,” me; but if my verses be not good, I said he, on another occasion, « the am sure they are sincere."
nation purchased me.” In 1782, on Like all the men of sense in his day, , the address of the Viceroy to ParliaCharlemont was utterly hostile to the ment, communicating the acquiescence encroachments of Popery. So early of the English Government in the as 1785, Opposition in Parliament, motion for independence, it was de. having worn out all other topics, andtermined to make a provision for Gratalways looking for novelty, let the tan. Mr Beauchamp Bagneal, memrisk be what it will, took up the Popish ber for Carlow, a man of opulence and question, and proposed to give the weight in the country, moved, sponPopish peasantry the fatal right of taneously, that £100,000 should be voting for members of Parliament. granted, to purchase an estate for him, Against this the argument, and no- as a reward for his public services. thing could be truer, was, that the “But at the request of Mr Grattan's Popish peasantry being wholly in the friends, the mover was induced to alter hands of the priests, to give the fran- it to £50,000, to which the House chise to the peasant was in fact to give and the minister agreed." the priest the power of sending mem- duction was by Grattan's own delibers to Parliament; that though the cacy. In the first instance, he had members thus sent were Protestants, intended to refuse any thing, but the inevitable result would be, that of his sensible old relative, Colonel Marengendering a spirit hostile to Proteslay, who knew the world better at tanism in the legislature, thereby im- that time, advised him to accept it. pairing the true liberty of the country, The money was put into the hands of enfeebling its constitution, and ulti- a commission, who purchased a small mately destroying the connexion with estate with it, and, such is the wisdom England. Those just and forcible of many counsellors, were said to have arguments prevailed for nearly ten made a very improvident bargain. years, but Opposition was active, Pro- The original grant would not have testantism too little aware of its danger, been too much. Grattan ought to and ministers too eager to purchase have been placed beyond all further popularity by a guilty concession; and, consideration of money. If the House as the result, the privilege of voting were sincere in its estimate of his was given. The gratitude of Popery services, they were not to be repaid for this criminal concession, was a by any sum. If their calculation bloody rebellion in 1798. The pu. was to be formed by the resulting value nishment to the Parliament was the of those services, any sum would be Union, and the product to the nation too much. But it was a time of uni. was a continued increase of faction, versal illusion. Ireland imagined that until 1829, when the presence of Po. Grattan had broken chains that no pery first polluted the English Parlia- other hand could break, lifted her ment, after the lapse of a hundred from the ground into an elevation years of freedom. But as Charlemont where empire lay before her, and grew old and feeble, he grew nega- opened the floodgates of a commerce tive. When the elective franchise which was to swell with the gold of was proposed in 1793, he neither aided mankind. Such were the dreams of nor resisted, and before he died, was the hour. But Grattan was a dreamer supposed to be favourable to the like the rest, and he deserved to be change, which was to make all the paid the price of teaching the people labours of his life in vain.
how to revel in such magnificent It is only due to Grattan to say, dreams. that, though combined through life Another character of peculiar mould with a tribe who jobbed every thing, next passes across the stage-Scott, he never obtained any office from Go- the Attorney-General. Scott was a vernment. His fortune was small. man of remarkable powers, a clear “ I am," said be, “ one of the poorest head, a determined heart, with a large of commoners, as Lord Charlemont knowledge of law, and a larger knowis one of the poorest of peers. But ledge of human nature. Like all the