Handbook of Local Anesthesia - E-Book
Elsevier Health Sciences, 25 apr. 2014 - 432 pagina's
A practical, "how-to" guide to safe anesthesia practices in dentistry, Handbook of Local Anesthesia, 6th Edition covers all the latest advances in science, instrumentation, and pain control techniques. From basic concepts to specific injection techniques, from dosage charts to the proper care and handling of equipment, this book provides in-depth, full-color coverage of key anesthesia topics, including specific hazards and errors in technique that may result in complications. Written by Dr. Stanley Malamed, dentistry's leading expert on this subject, Handbook of Local Anesthesia is a valuable reference that will help you prevent, recognize, and manage complications of local anesthesia administration.
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... Prilocaine No vasoconstrictor 8.0 3.6 600 With vasoconstrictor 8.0 3.6 600
CALCULATION OF MILLIGRAMS OF LOCAL ANESTHETIC PER DENTAL
CARTRIDGE (1.8 mL CARTRIDGE) Local Anesthetic Percent Concentration mg/
mL × 1.8 ...
The resting nerve membrane has an electrical resistance about 50 times greater
than that of the intracellular and extracellular fluids, thus preventing the passage
of sodium, potassium, and chloride ions down their concentration gradients.
... ions (K+) • Freely permeable to chloride ions (Cl−) Potassium remains within
the axoplasm, despite its ability to diffuse freely through the nerve membrane and
its concentration gradient (passive diffusion usually occurs from a region of.
concentration gradient (passive diffusion usually occurs from a region of greater
concentration to one of lesser concentration), because the negative charge of the
nerve membrane restrains the positively charged ions by electrostatic attraction.
A sodium ion is thinner than a potassium or chloride ion and therefore should
diffuse freely down its concentration gradient through membrane channels into
the nerve cell. However, this does not occur, because all these ions attract water
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II The Armamentarium
III Techniques of Regional Anesthesia in Dentistry
IV Complications Legal Considerations Questions and Future
Inside back cover