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granted to the Tiers-etat the privilege of a feat in the Imperial Diets.
IV. D. HENR. FRID. DELII, Adverfaria Argumenti PhyficoMedici. i. e. Mifcellanies relative to Medical Science and Controverly. By M. DELIUS, Counsellor to the Court of Brandenburg, and Primarius Profeffor of Phyfic. 4to. Erlang. 1778. This learned man, whose medical erudition is well known, and whose dietetic maxims must give pleasure and comfort to all his patients who are of a convivial turn, has mingled in this Volume, with his own labours, feveral Academical Differtations. These contain a variety of excellent obfervations on the History and Theory of Phyfic,-Philofophical, Chymical, Anatomical, and Phyfiological refearches and difcuffions relative to Diet, the Practice of Phyfic, and the Materia Medica.
V. Hiftorifche Nachricht von dem erften Anfange der Evangelifch-Reformirten Kirche in Brandenburg and Preuffen, &c. i. e. A History of the first Commencement of the Reformed or Calvinistical Church in Brandenburg and Pruffia, under the reign of the Elector Sigifmund, by Mr. HERING, Paftor of the Reformed Church at Breflaw. 8vo. Halle. 1778. The caufes, beginnings, progrefs and prefent ftate of the reformed churches in Brandenburg and Pruffia are circumftantially related, and accurately reprefented in this learned work. The Author has drawn his materials, not only from writers of the first credit, but alfo from feveral valuable manufcripts. The Reader will find in this history, many facts little known, with an ample account of the learned men who were concerned in the tranfactions here related. M. HERING has fubjoined to this hiftory the three Confeffions of Faith, which contain the fundamental doctrine of the reformed churches of Brandenburg, viz. the Confeffion of Faith of the elector John Sigifmund,-the Conference of Leipfick, which fhews the particular points on which the Lutherans and reformed (i. e. the Calvinifts) are divided, and those on which they are agreed, and the Declaration of Thoren, made in the year 1645, together with certain edicts, which fix the measure of indulgence and toleration, to be exercifed by the two communions' towards each other.
VI. Sammlung Ruffifcher Gefchichte, &c. i. e. Memoirs relative to the Hiftory of Ruffia, collected by M. MÜLLER, Counsellor at Mofcow, and digefted into a better order than they were in the firft Edition. 8vo. Offenbach-on-Mein. 1778. The first edition of thefe Memoirs was printed at Petersburg; and the fplendour of the press-work drew it out to ten volumes; it was alfo defective in the arrangement of the materials,' which, by being published fucceffively, at diftant intervals, were difperfed, and thrown out of their natural order, In this fecond edition
the number of volumes is reduced from ten to four, and their contents are digested into a better order. The first volume contains all the memoirs that relate to Livonia, the fecond thofe which treat of Ruffia, properly fo called-and in the the third and fourth, we have the journal of Soimonow's navigation on the Cafpian fea, with every thing which relates to the history of Siberia.
VII. Beyträge zur Kriegskunft und Gefchichte des Krieges, &c. i. e. Memoirs concerning the Art of War, defigned also as Hiftorical Account of the War, which commenced in the year 1756, and ended in 1763, accompanied with Plans and Maps. By M. DE TIELKE, Captain of Artillery in the service of the Elector of Saxony. 4to. Freyberg. 1778. This work is much applauded, and if the judgment and impartiality of the Author are fuch as they are generally reprefented, it must be, in reality a valuable present to the fons and schools of Bellona. It confifts of three volumes, in which more efpecially the Auftrian and Pruffian manoeuvres, during that remarkable war mentioned in the title, are related and examined; his journal of the campaign of the year 1761, in Silefia (in which the king of Pruffia difplayed fuch illuftrious inftances of generalfhip, in preventing for a time the junction of the Ruffian and Austrian armies, and in rendering it useless, when he could prevent it no longer), is fingularly interefting, and was compofed (as the Author himself informs us) from two Imperial and three Pruffian journals,
VIII. Analytische Dioptrik, &c. i. e. Analytical Dioptrics. By GEORGE SIMON KLÜGEL, Profeffor of Mathematics at Helmftadt. 8vo. Leipfic. 1778. This Author follows excellent guides, and he follows them with intelligence and judgment. His work confifts of two Parts. In the firft he treats of the fimple refraction of the rays of light, which pafs through one or more glaffes; alfo of their aberrations, and the theory of telescopes. In the fecond, M. KLÜGEL applies his principles to all forts of optical and dioptrical inftruments. In the whole of his work we fee a truly philofophical spirit,
IX. Verfuch einiger pracktischen Anmerkungen über die Muskeln, &c. i. e. An Efay, containing fome practical Remarks concerning the Mufcles, by which various diforders and feeming accidental ailments are explained, as to their rife and principle. By JA. FR. ISENFLAMM. M. D. 8vo. Erlang. 1778. After having laid down the preliminary notions, relative to the muscles, to their conftituent parts and properties, and fhewn how they contribute to the beauty and proportion of the human body, and to the facility, vivacity, variety and vigour of its motions, this Author enquires into the defects and indifpofitions, which may intercept the action and effect of the mufcles, not only in their L. 2 principal
principal object, but also with refpect to feveral other bodily
X. De la Tranfplantation, de la Naturalization et du Perfectionement des Vegetaux: i. e. Concerning the Method of tranfplanting, naturalizing and perfecting Vegetables, by the Baron de Tscuddy. 8vo. Paris. (under the title of London) 1778. The Author fhews, in this little work, how trees, fhrubs and plants may be accommodated to different climates, and confiders the various foils and methods of culture, that are neceffary to render their tranfplantation fuccefsful. The object of this work is of great importance: the views it contains are all interesting, and many of them new: the knowledge of agriculture and rural improvement which it difcovers, is very confiderable, and we think it worthy of the attention of those fortunate mortals, who live in the country, who contemplate and converfe with nature, and are fenfible of the ferene pleasure and the ineftimable advantages that arife from fuch a fituation.
XI. Dictionnaire Univerfel des Sciences, Morale, Economique, &r. i, e. An Univerfal Dictionary of Moral, Oeconomical, Political and Philofophical Science: or the Library of the Man and the Citizen: Vols. II. and III. 4to. Paris, &c. 4to. Paris, &c. We gave a gel neral sketch of the plan of this vaft work*, when the firft volume made its appearance. The two volumes, here announced, do not feem unworthy of the reputation, which the first gave to the arduous undertaking.
XII. Journal de la Navigation d'une Efcadre Francoife partie du Port de Dunkirke aux ordres du Capitaine Thurot, &c. i. e. A Journal of a French Squadron, which fet Sail from the Har bour of Dunkirk, under the Command of Captain Thurot, the 15th of October 1759, with feveral Detachments of the French and Swifs Guards, &c. 125. Paris. 1778. Gives an account of the expedition of Thurot. It appears to be accurate; it is circumstantial, and would be more entertaining, were it not unconscionably loaded with a multitude of technical terms, which are of no confequence to the narration. It appears, by this journal, that Thurot had no fort of title to the character of an eminent fea commander; that he was only a rash and hotheaded adventurer; that France obtained no benefit from any of his undertakings; and that nothing could be worse concerted, conducted, and executed, than the laft expedition, in which he perifhed. He was a native of France, and not of Ireland, as fome have alleged.
XIII. L'Autorité des Livres de Moife, etablie et defendue contre les Incredules: i. e. The Authority of the Books of Mofes afcertained * See the Review for November 1777, p. 398.
of the decifions and remarks of the Author, we fufpect there is more wit than judgment; we think them fpecious, and we feel that they are not true. His preference of the Italian mufic to the French, which latter he calls, with much reason, a mufic that is null and without phyfiognomy, is juft in every respect. His account of the eloquence of music, which confifts in touching by melody, and not in furprifing by the concurrence of inftruments, is written with judgment and tafte. His eftimate of the eminent Italian compofers fuch as Porpora, Vinci, Corelli, Pergolefi, is, in general, juft, and it is expreffed in fuch a spirited manner, and illuftrated by fuch lively images and allufions, as discover a very agreeable enthufiafm, and an uncommon vivacity of imagination. We do not however think that he fufficiently laments the palpable decline of true tafte in mufical compofition, fo notorious in Italy. This decline, this corruption of true tafte is become fo univerfal, that the confervatorios of Venice are the only places which keep up the spirit of pristine melody, and genuine mufic; to which we may add a very, very small number of modern compofers, if the accounts we have received from fome eminent connoiffeurs, who have been on the spot, may be depended upon. Prince BELOSELSKI acknowledges, indeed, the defects of the Italian mufic; which defects, he fays, are covered with graces; but he has entered too deep into the spirit of mufical faction, excited at Paris by thofe two famous rivals the German Gluck, and the Italian Piccini, and his attachment to the latter has, no doubt, more or lefs warped his judgment in favour of modern compofers; for he be-praises several of them in extravagant terms. Upon the whole this is really an ingenious and elegant work; and it must excite fpeculation when we confider, that the Author is a Ruffian. It is fold by all the Bookfellers of Paris, and among others by Solfatier at the fign of the Bear and Fiddle.
XIX. Eloge Hiftorique de Philippe Duc d'Orleans, Regent du Royaume: i. e. An Historical Panegyric on Philip Duke of Orleans. 8vo. Amfterdam. i. e. Paris. 1778. This is one of those laborious efforts to wash the Ethiopian, or (if we may use another metaphor) to file the rugged body of hiftorical truth in order to render it smooth and gloffy. Our Author fucceeds indeed very well in refuting the calumnies, and removing the fufpicions, which the death of the Dauphin, his confort, and his eldest fan, in fo fhort a time, had excited against the Duke of Orleans: calumnies and fufpicions, which the want of principle in this ambitious man, and his paffion for Chymistry, nourished confiderably. The event indeed fhewed the falfehood of these calumnies; for when the Regent was at the helm, and faw only one tender ftripling between him and the throne, he made no ufe of his power to remove this obftacle to his ambition. The L 4
Summary of Natural History, extracted from the beft French and foreign Authors, being the Sequel and Supplement to the Course of Natural Philofophy, &c. Vols. I. II. III. 8vo. Paris. 1778. These three volumes contain the natural hiftory of infects, aquatic animals, reptiles and birds. At the head of the firft volume we have a Preliminary Difcourfe, well compofed, in which the Author confiders the general nature of animals, the diversity of their organization, and the wifdom of that law, inftinct, and arrangement, by which they are excited to prey upon each other, that the exceffive multiplication of certain claffes may be thus prevented. The work itfelf is well compiled, and contains inftructive and entertaining details, defcriptions, and dif coveries of the wonders of the animal-creation. This is one of the best of the Abbé SAURI's performances.
XVI. Elementary Courfes of Natural Philofophy have been greatly multiplied of late years. That which has lately been publifhed by M. WANDELAIN COURT, Prefident (or Prefect) of the Royal College of Verdun, has particular merit, on account of the fimplicity and perfpicuity with which it exhibits the principles of that ufeful fcience, and the recent difcoveries that have been made in it by attentive obfervers of nature. It is printed at Verdun, under the following title: Manuel des jeunes Phyfi ciens, ou Nouvelle Phyfique Elementaire, contenant les Decouvertes les plus utiles et les plus curieufes des Phyficiens modernes: i.e. The young Philofopher's Manual, or a New Elementary Syftem of Natural Philofophy, containing the most useful and curious Discoveries of modern times. 1778. XVII. Traité Elementaire de Mathematiques, à PUfage des Eleves de l' Inftitution de la jeune Nobleffe: i. e. An Elementary Treatife of Mathematics, for the Ufe of the Students in the College erected for the young Nobility. By M. LEMOINE. Part I. containing Arithmetic. 8vo. Paris. 1778. This Author feems to poffefs, in a high degree, the very rare talent of reducing science to milk for babes,-by dealing it out in portions plainly dished up and fuited to their appetites and capacities. We meet every day with profound adepts in erudition and science, who are abfolutely incapable of inftructing youth. They have kicked away the ladder by which they got above the clouds or into them, and cannot take a few fteps downward to render themselves vifible to the people below. M. LEMOINE'S Arithmetic is level to the capacity of children of eight or nine years old; and we expect the fame fimplicity in the fubfequent volumes of this useful work.
XVIII. De La Mufique en Italie: i. e. A Treatife concerning Italian Mufic, by the Prince BELOSELSKI, Member of the Inftitute of Bologna. Paris. 1778. There are many ingenious and well imagined things in this Treatife; but in several