of the decisions and remarks of the Author, we fufpect there is more wit than judgment; we think them fpecious, and we feel that they are not true. His preference of the Italian music to the French, which latter he calls, with much reason, a music that is null and without phyfiognomy, is just in every respect. His account of the eloquence of music, which consists in touching by melody, and not in surprising by the concurrence of inftruments, is written with judgment and taste. His estimate of the eminent Italian composers such as Porpora, Vinci, Corelli, Pergolesi, is, in general, just, and it is expressed in such a spirited manner, and illustrated by such lively images and allufions, as discover a very agreeable.enthusiasm, and an uncommon vivacity: of imagination. We do not however think that he sufficiently laments the palpable decline of true taste in musical composition, so notorious in Italy. This decline, this corruption of true talte is become so universal, that the confervatorios of Venice are the only places which keep up the spirit of pristine melody, and genuine music; to which we may add a very, very small number of modern composers, if the accounts we have received from fome eminent connoisseurs, who have been on the spot, may be depended upon. Prince BELOSELSKI acknowledges, indeed, the defects of the Italian music; which defects, he says, are covered with graces; but he has entered too deep into the spirit of musical faction, excited at Paris by those two famous rivals the German Gluck, and the Italian Piccini, and his attachment to the latter has, no doubt, more or less warped his judgment in favour of modern composers; for he be-praises several of them in extravagant terms. Upon the whole this is really an ingenious and elegant work; and it must excite speculation when we confider, that the Author is a Rullian. It is sold by all the Booksellers of Paris, and among others by Solfatier at the sign of the Bear and Fiddle.

XIX. Eloge Historique de Philippe Duc d'Orleans, Regent du Royaume: i. e. An Historical Panegyric on Philip Duke of Orleans. 8vo. Amsterdam. i. e. Paris. 1778. This is one of those laborious efforts to wash the Ethiopian, or if we may use another metaphor) to file the rugged body of historical truth in order to render it smooth and glofly. Our Author fucceeds indeed very well in refuting the calumnies, and removing the {uspicions, which the death of the Dauphin, his confort, and his eldeft son, in so short a time, had excited against the Duke of Orleans: calumnies and suspicions, which the want of principle in this ambitious man, and his passion for Chymistry, nourished considerably. The event indeed thewed the falsehood of these calumnies; for when the Regent was at the helm, and saw only one tender stripling between him and the throne, he made no use of his power to remove this obstacle to his ambition. The L 4


piece before us gives an interesting account of the education of the Regent, which was excellent, and of his taste for tħe sciences, which was uncommon and extensive. He applied him. self with ardour and a siduity to mathematics, history, drawing, musical composition and chymistry. He had for the improvement of this last science, one of the richest and best conftituted. Elaboratories that has ever been known. Hither he went every day, received instructions from the famous Homberg, made experiments under his direction relative to the vitrification of gold, with the great lens of Tschirnauss, which is at present in the collection of the Academy of Sciences; and it is to the united labours of the illustrious disciple and his learned master, that the lovers of gems are indebted for a more expeditious and perfect manner of imitating them, than that which before their time had been employed in Italy. The Author follows this Prince through private and public life; the foriner was licentious and profligate, the latter exhibits many masterly strokes of political conduct. His military history is short. He fought under Luxembourg at Steinkerke, where he was wounded, and where also he ordered the wounded of the two armies to be treated with equal care, faying, that after the battle there were no more enemies on the field. The history of his Regency is written in a very interesting manner, and does honour to his administration, which was entirely directed to establish peace on a solid basis. For this purpose he observed a perfect neutrality amidst the Ecclefiaftical feuds about the Bull Unigenitus, fent into exile Le Tellier, that perpetual fomenter of mischief, appointed the pacific Fleury to the place of Preceptor to the young King, renewed the treatics with the Swiss Cantons, and entered into an alliance with England and the United Provinces, which secured the tranquility of Europe. In the nidst of his political career, a deep-laid plot was formed against him by Cardinal Alberoni, with a view to transfer the Regency of France to the King of Spain. Many persons of the highest rank in France were concerned in this conspiracy ; which was discovered by a lady of pleasure, was disconcerted by the dexterity and spirit of the Regent, and produced the downfall of Alberoni ; - that gardener's son, who in the year 1718, aspired to be the minister of two great nations, endeavoured to excite a civil war in France, and attempted to change the conftitution of England.—The famous system of finance projected by Law, and which was occafioned (fays our Author) by the immense debts of Lewis XIV. who died a bankrupt for ninety millions ste:ling, expended to make his grandson King of Spain, is unfolded in this work with perspicuity and precision.

The Regent died at the age of 50, of an apoplexy. His character has been very differently described, and painted even in opposite colours, by different writers. The heaviest charge which this anonymous Panegyrist brings against his hero, is the advancement of Cardinal Dubois, who had been his tutor, and who owed his immense fortune to his difingenuous intrigues and his corrupt compliances with the passions of his pupil. This profigate Ecclefiaftic, was at his death, Archbishop and Duke of Cambray, Superintendant General of the Poft-office, poffeffor of fix considerable Abbeys, and first Minister of State. We have nevertheless been told, on the best authority, that when the Duke of Orleans was informed of the sudden death of his favourite minister, he immediately cried out, Voila donc l'ame du B-au Diable !

One of the moft commendable qualities in the Duke of OrJeans, was a certain generofity which elevates the mind above the impreffions of vindictive hatred. He behaved with clemency towards the Author of the famous Phillippiques (Le Grange), and being one day advised to avenge himself on a great perfonage whom he had in his power, he answered nobiyI know that by one word I can get rid of a rival, and this hinders me from pronouncing it. Our Author obferves, that though enslaved to the pleasures of gallantry or rather voluptuousness, his attachment to women had no infuence on his political conduct. One of his mistresses, availing herself of a tender moment, when the Regent was diffolved in eafe and pleasure, to draw from him information about a matter of importance, the Prince took her by the hand and led her to the looking-glass, Do you see, faid. he, that charming head? it is made for the embraces of love, and not for the secrets of the state.

The arts, more especially, had effential obligations to this Prince. He handled the pencil himself with dexterity and grace; he delineated the figures which adorn the French edition of the Greek romance of Daphnis and Chloe, that were engraven by Audram, and published in 1718; and it is to him that the Public is indebted, in the first instance, for the collection of pictures in the Palais Royal, which is undoubtedly one of the noblest in Europe.

Upon the whole we find the tone and tenor of this Eulogy, modeft, impartial, fenfible, and agreeable, exempt from those attempts at ELOQUENCE, which wear fuch an aspect of froth and fume in the general run of French Panegyrics. We think the manner of this anonymous Author a model worthy to be followed in writing the lives of eminent men.

XX. Voyage fait par Ordre du Roi, &c. i. e. A Voyage made by the (French) King's Order, in the Years '1771 and 1772, in different Parts of Europe, Africa, and America, with a DeJign to ascertain the Usefulness of several Methods and Instruments contrived to determine the Latitude and Longitude, not only of the ship's Course, but also of the Coasts, Ipands, Rocks, and Shoals:


As also Researches, designed to correct Hydrographical Charts. By Messrs. de VERDUN DE LA CRENNE, of the Academy of the Marine at Brest, DE BORDA, Member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, &c. and PINGRÉ, Chancellor of the University of Paris, Astronomical-Geographer of the Marine, &c, 2 Vols. 4to. Paris. 1778. With Plates, and Charts, accu. rately delineated and engraved by the most eminent Artists. After feveral voyages undertaken with a view to examine the feaclocks or Time-keepers of Le Roy and Berthoud, the late King of France, who had honoured these undertakings with his countenance and protection, issued an order, in 1771, for enlarging the sphere of these experiments, and taking into the plan of inquiry and investigation the whole of the important problem re. lative to the longitudes at fea. Accordingly, three eminent men, Messrs. DE VERDUN, DE BORDA, and PINGRÉ, were ordered on a new vogage to make trial not only of the marine clocks or time-keepers of the two celebrated artists above-mentioned, but also of all the instruments for the determination of the longitudes at sea, that were then known. Their commisfion also extended to all the poflible methods of ascertaining and determining the latitudes, and to every object bearing any tendency to promote the progress of navigation. The Reader will find, in these two volumes, a circumstantial relation of all the observations made during the execution of this important commission. In navigating along the coasts of Europe, Africa, and America, these learned men were convinced of the accu. racy and utility of the marine-clock of Le Roy and Berthoud, and also of other instruments, for the improvement of which they have proposed several new ideas, the result of careful observation and repeated experiments. They seem to have neglected no occafion of pointing out the true situation of places, seas, coafts, &c. and rectifying the sea-charts that are most in vogue, The Reader in perusing their observations will be surprized to find that the places which are the most frequented, are not always the best known, and among the many mistakes which our Authors have rectified, those relating to the island of Martinico are really fingular. The astronomical and mathematica! disquisitions, which make an essential part of this work, are intermixed with curious descriptions of the most celebrated places, and with several inquiries and details relative to natural history The description of the Canary Idlands, and more especially of the Peak of Teneriffe, is curious and circumftantial our Authors observe, that the liquors carried to the top of this famous Peak become warm,- that the water drawn in the Cave of Snow, about the middle of the mountain, which is excessively cold, almost boils when brought up to its summit,- that on this summit spirituous liquors lose all their strength, the malmsey of Teneriffe

all its taste, and that white-wine assumes a colour, and sours ; that the air is so impregnated with fulphur, as to leave no other than a fulphureous taste in the mouth, nor any other odour in respiration ;-that the skin of the face opens and swells, and the lips are covered with bladders. MONTHLY CATALOGUE,

For FEBRUARY, 1779.

POLITICA L. Art. 10. A Vindtcation of the Lords of the Admiralty, on their

Conduct towards Admiral Keppel : In Answer to a late Address, By a Gentleman of the INNER TEMPLE. 8vo. 15. Bowen. 1779.

'HE Address to which this pamphlet is an answer, appeased in TH

our last Month's Review: See Catalogue, Art. 1. The Author's aim is to prove, that the Lords of the Admiralty could not, conlistently with the declared justice of the laws of EngJand, have refused to admit the charge of Sir Hugh Palliser again tt Admiral Keppel; in consequence of which they legally, juftly, and prudently, ordered an immediate trial of the latter by a court-martial. This vindicator of the Admiralty-board, reasons with coolness and judgment on the subject; and in our opinion, has completely overturned the objections made by the addreser; who, however, was not to be considered as a contemptible antagonist. Art. 11. Altercation; being the Substance of a Debate which took place in

on a Motion to censure the Pamphlet of Anticipation. 8vo, Whieldon,

See below. Art. 12. Deliberation, or the Substance of what may be spoken in the of

in the Course of this Month. 8vo. 6 d. Browne.

Successful, original, writers, are always followed by servile imitators. The very ingenious Author of Anticipation could not fail of being honoured by attendants of this class. Art. 13. Recantation; or a Second Letter to the Worshipful the

Dean of Guild, and the Merchants and Manufacturers of the City of Glasgow : being a complete refutation of every thing that bas been advanced, or can hereafter be offered, in Favour of the Irish Bills, &c. 8vo. I s. Fielding and Walker. 1779.

Ironical and witty. The Author's first letter * was pleasant, though on a very serious fubject; and he still keeps op his humour-till laughs, though we fear, with little prospect of winning. Art. 14. A Speech on some Political Topics, the Substance of

which was intended to have been delivered in the House of Commons, on Monday the 14th of December 1778. When the Etti. mates of the Army were agreed to in the Committee of Supply. 8vo. 13. 6d, Cadell,

1779. The fubftance of the following speech (the Author + tells his Readers in the previous Advertisement) was partly conceived befores

I s.

• See Review for May 1778, p. 391. + Henry Goodricke, Esq. as we learn from the advertisements of this pamphlet in the public papers.


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