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plied to the intervals between the ridges, because these openings are literally furs. Perhaps there would be no impropriety in now distinguishing them by an appropriated term from the temporary furs made by each draught of the plow; nor does any one seem more analogous than the obsolete word thurough, as these open furs may be strictly called thuroughs, that is, trenches going through (ie. thurough) the field from one end to the other.

This example is given to snow, that when a spirit of innovating begins, it is impollible to say where it will end.

But if new terms must be invented, they ought always to be defined in a conspicuous place, at the beginning or end of the book, which readers could ealily consult when they were at a loss for the meaning: Where these innovations are numerous, it is not one reader in an hundred who can retain at once the exact meaning of every term 3- and it is a most disagreeable task to be hunting through a volume in search of the place where each of these words have been defined.

Before we take leave of this Author, we shall add another remark, vit, that his genius seems to point much more toward improvements in the practical department of agriculture than in the scientifico. This we look upon as a fortunate peculiarity both for the Writer himself and for the Public ; because the fuccels of a farmer depends much more on his accuracy in the practical department than on his knowledge in the scientific branches of that art, although the firs, in the eye of most modern improvers, is held in such a subordinate light when compared to the last, that it is generally thought beneath the attention of a man of genius. Our Author will not be denied a place among men of genius, and therefore we hope his example will help to make that branch of agriculture be more attended to than it has hitherto been.

We conclude with recommending this performance to the particular attention of every man who intends to begin farming, and we doubt not that if they read it with the caution we have advised, they will find themselves much benefited by it.

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Art, II. The Antiquarian Repertory: A Miscellany, intended to

preserve and illustrate several valuable Remains of old Times, Adorned with elegant Sculptureş. 4to. 2 Vols.

11. 18s Boards. Blyth, &c. HIS collection, which has been published in separate parts,

now makes its collective appearance in two volumes, at tended with a great number of engravings, that considerably enhance the value of the performance, and will not a little add to the Reader's entertainment.

The

TH

The Editors obferve, that it has long been the fashion to laugh at the study of antiquities, and to confider it as the idle amusement of a few humdrum, plodding fellows, who, wanting genius for nobler studies, bufied themselves in heaping up illegible manuferipts, mutilated ftatues, obliterated coins, and broken pipkins :' This account is in some measure true, and the laugh has in a degree been justified by the absurdity and folly into which the profeffed antiquarian, as he is vulgarly styled, and fometimes even ingenious' men, have been betrayed. But it must be acknowledged, that to condemn indiscriminately this branch of learned inquiry, is not the character of the present age, which has been well disposed to encourage and affift it.

It will be expected that the Authors of the present work should speak highly of this study. Accordingly they insist • that, without a competent fund of antiquarian learning, no one will ever make a respectable figure, either as a divine, lawyer, statesman, soldier, or even a private gentleman; and that it is the fine quâ non of several of the more liberal profelfions, as well as many trades, and is besides a study to which all persons in particular instances have a kind of propensity, every man being, as logicians express it, “ Quoad hoc," an antiquariani

In fuch views do these gentlemen labour to prove the importance of cultivating this part of science; in some respects, no doubt, the study of antiquities hath proved useful and important; and it will certainly contribute to render those who are proficients in it more entertaining to others; while they also find it an agreeable amusement for themselves.

We come now to the account which was given of the work before us, by the Editors themselves, at its first publication, in periodical numbers, viz. . This collection is meant as a repository for fugitive pieces, respecting the history and antiquities of this country. In the course of it care shall be taken to admit only such views as may be depended on, and have never before been published, and which, at the same time that they please the eye, shall represent fome remains of antiquity, fome capital mansion, or striking prospect. The por, traits Tall introduce to the public acquaintance only such perfons as have figured in fome eminent station, or been remarkable for their abilities, stations, or accidents in life. And the letterpress fhall convey either original efsays, or extracts from books, whose price and scarcity have rendered them accessible only to a few

The first of these volumes, accordingly, opens with an account, a curious account, as it is not improperly termed, of the ordinances used at tournaments, as also the etiquette respecting battles in lists, or legal duels, copied by the late ingenious William Oldys, Norroy King of Arms, from a MS, marked I. 26,

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in the library of the College of Arms, or Herald's Office, Lon-
don. These ordinances, statutes, and rules, are faid to have
been made and enacted by John Erle of Worcestre conftable
of England by the Kinges commandement at Windefore the
14th day of May in the vith. yere of his noble reigne, to be
observed and kepte in all manner of Juftes of peace Royall, within
this Realme of England &c;' but it is rather remarkable, that
the Editor has not mentioned what King's reign it was, in which
they were appointed. We shall only insert, from this Article,
one, passage concerning the fees belonging to the Officers of
Arms : • Also what nobleman so ever he be that entreth into
the faide feeld or Juftes, the firste tyme, he ought to give the
Officers of Armes 6 crownes of Golde for the marshallinge of
his
armes,
that tyme

&

no more.' Bolton-Hall, situated in the beautiful valley of Wensley-dale, YorkCire, furnishes a very pleasing print. The house is said to have been finished in 1678. However worthy of notice it may be in other respects, the following paragraph will ever render it remarkable and valuable to the friends of freedom : In this retirement lived, during the agitated reign of James che Second, that Marquis of Winchester, who, by feigning a temporary indispotition for political purposes, contributed so much towards effecting the Revolution. Even now near the manfion, in the deep solitude of a woody dell, is to be seen the ruin of a house, which the Marquis built, and to which he used occafionally to retreat, in the awful hours of night, to enjoy that taciturnity, and to cultivate that character he then found it so convenient and necessary to affume.'

Of Ely-House, Holborn, or rather its ruins, we have a pretty engraving, which is properly placed in these volumes, with a short history of the building. The most striking object in this view is the chapel, which is yet standing; part of the back of the cloisters may likewise be seen; as is also a small part of the

, John Selwyn, under-keeper of the park at Oatlands in Surry, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, is introduced into this colJection : his monument, consisting of several plates formerly placed on his grave-stone, is preferved in the chancel of the church at Walton on Thames; they are now nailed against the wall. The monument confirms a traditionary story, told by an ancient sexton of that place, which is as follows: John Sel. wyn was extremely famous for his strength, agility, and skill in horsemanship, Ipecimens of all which he exhibited before the Queen, at a grand ftag-hunt in that park, where attend

great hall *

* An elegant street is now building, on the scite of these venerable premiles.

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ing, as was the duty of his office, he in the heat of the chace suddenly leaped from his horse, on the back of the stag, and not only kept his seat gracefully in spite of every effort of the affrighted beast, but drawing his sword, with it guided him towards the Queen, and coming near her presence, plunged it in his throat, so that the animal fell dead at her feet.' He is accordingly portrayed in one part of the monument riding on the stag, and in the act of stabbing it: an act which, we would hope, the tenderness of the Queen could not approve.

By a long additional account, which follows the above Article, of the rules, oaths, &c. used at tournaments, it appears that these ordinances were framed in the reign of Richard (we suppose] the Third.

Many of our Readers are, no doubt, acquainted with the little anecdote of John Selwyn, just now related ; to some, perhaps, it will be new and amusing ;-as may be the account which is given, in another Article, of the perversion of words and proper names. Henry VIII. having taken the town of Bullogne in France, had the gates of the place brought to Hardes in Kent, where they are said now to remain. The action was highly magnified by the fatterers of that reign, and it became, Porto-bello like, says this Writer, a popular subject for signs, and the port or harbour of Bullogne, called Bullogne Mouth, was accordingly set up at a noted inn in London ; the name of the inn long out-living the sign and fame of the conquest, an ignorant painter, employed by a no less ignorant landlord, to paint a new one, represented it by a bull and a large gaping human mouth, answering to the vulgar pronunciation of Bull and Mouth. The same piece of history gave being to the Bull and Gate, originally meant for Bullogne Gate.

The barber's pole is not allowed by these Writers to originate from the word poll or head, which seems highly probable, but is supposed an indication that the master of the shop could breathe a vein as well as mow a beard, alluding to the staff which every village practitioner puts into the hand of a patient undergoing the operation of phlebotomy. The white band encompassing the staff was meant to represent the phillet.—The Yeomen of the Guard used to wait at table at all great folemnities, and were ranged near the buffets ; this procured them the name of Buffetiers, not very unlike in sound to the jocular appellation of Beef-eaters.-A Cordwainer seems to have no affinity to the occupation it is meant to express, that of a shoe-maker. But Cordonier, originally spelt Corduanier, is the French word for that. trade, the best leather used for shoes coming originally from Cordua, in Spain. Spanish leather shoes were once famous in England. May not the origin of the Bell Savage be added to these derivations ?

In

. In a differtation on the people called Gypsies, after other accounts, it is given as the most probable opinion, that they were some of those miserable Egyptians, who, when their coun. try was conquered by Sultan Selim, in the year 1517, rather than submit to the Turkish yoke, chose to disperse themselves in small parties over the world, subsisting by begging, and their supposed skill in chiromancy and magic, to which that nation had always pretence, and to the belief of which the gross ignosance and superstition of the times were extremely favourable. This agrees very well with the time of their arrival in England, viz. about the year 1563, after having been expelled from France and Spain. The first comers, or their children, were probably soon reinforced by many idle persons of both sexes ; swarthy skins, dark eyes, and black hair, being the only quaHifications required for admission; and some of these might be heightened by the fun and walnut juice. Their language, or rather gibberish, might soon be learned ; and thus their numbers, in all likelihood, increased till they became alarming, when those severe statutes were promulged againft them, whose great severity prevented their intended effect. -Had the punishment been only hard labour, whipping, or imprisonment, it would have been much mote efficacious. --There ftrollers at present seem likely either to degenerate into common beggars, or, like some of their brethren in Spain, to be obliged to take to a trade or business for a livelihood. The great increase of knowledge in all ranks of people, having rendered their pretended art of divination of little benefit to them, at least by no means fufficient to procure them subsistence, and should they attempt entirely to live by pilfering, the great quantities of provision necessary for their support, when in large bodies, could not be taken without alarming the country, and their numbers and assumed peculiarities would prevent their escape.'

The account of a desperate action, and signal victory, said to be gained by an English captain, commanding one small privateer, over a large Turkish feet, while it must be acknowledged gallant, is indeed, as the Author fays, almost, if we may not add entirely, incredible. It is given, we are told, by Roger, Earl of Castlemayne, in his relation of the war between the Venetians and the Turks, drawn up in form of a letter, dated 230 May, 1666, and addressed to King Charles the Second : as the book is scarce, and the fact not much known, à corresponde ent desired that it might be interted and preserved in the Antiquarian Repertory. We shall also insert it here, supposing that it may be acceptable to our Readers. It is as follows:

“ Among the English that fought bravely, Capt. Thomas Middleton (who had his ship hired in his service) did a most prodigious action. It happened that the Admiral, intending a

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