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design against the Dardanels, put Middleton in so desperate a, place that he was in danger from land to be funk at every shot. He advised the commander of it, and withal told him, that the peril of himself and thip did not so much trouble him as to be set where it was impossible for him to offend the enemy. Having no answer, or at beft a bad one, and seeing it. could not prejudice the fleet, he drew off a little the vefsel (his only livelihood) from the needless danger it was in. When the business was over, they dismissed him (in a council of war) with, the title of coward, and all the soldiers being taken away, he was left only with some go English to return home, or whither else he pleased." He had not parted long from the Armata, but in a stark calm met with 25 fail, of which 18 were the best gallies the Great Turk could make in all his fleet: these crying out in derision, that they would eat English beef for dinner, fell on him, wanting no assurance, being assisted with the stillness of the air, and their own strength and number. But for ail this confidence they missed their aim, for after a long and fharp encounter, the two Bassa’s that coinmanded were killed, with 1500 to accompany them; and besides the many that were wounded, the whole squadron was so shattered, that they had hardly oars to get off, and were all unfit to serve, at least for that year. The Captain had neither wind, fails, nor tackle left to follow them; but with much-a-do he yet afterwards came safe to Candie, and there presented to the General a whole ton of salted heads of those he had killed, in their often boarding. His Excellency was astonished at the thing, and after all the caresses imaginable, he acquainted the Senate with it, who with universal consent ordered him a chain and medal of gold, as a testimony of their high esteem and his own commendable valour. Middleton afterwards died on his journey home, leaving a son, who commands here a fhip, and is very well esteemed for his resolution and conduct.”
The above relation favours strongly of the marvellous ; as does, though in a different way, an Article entitled, The Great Eater, or Part of the admirable Teeth and Stomack's Exploits, of Nicolas Wood, of Harrisom, in the County of Kent. To this curious title is added the following pallage, “ This exceffive manner of eating, without manners, in Itrange and true manner described by John Tailor." It is said to have been pubJished about the year 1636; and Master Tailor acquits himself with much more learning, humour, and sentiment, than could have been expected. After another introduction, he thus proceeds :
“ Be it knowne unto all men, to whom these presents shall, come, that I John Taylor, waterman *, of St. Saviour's, South
* The famous Water-poet, we suppose, wide
wark, in the countey of Surrey, the Writer hereof, &c. will write plaine truth, bare and thread-bare, and almost starkenaked truth, of the descriptions, and remarkable, memorable actions of Nicolas Wood, of the parishe of Harrisom, in the county of Kent, yeoman, for these considerations following: First, I were to blame to write more than truth, because that which is knowne to be true is enough. Secondly, that which is only true, is too much. Thirdly, the truth will hardly be believed, being so much beyond man's reason to conceive. "Fourthly, I shall
run hazard to bee accounted a great lyer, in writing the truth. Lastly, I will not lye, on purpose to make all those lyers that esteeme me fo."
" Yet by your leave, Master Critick, you must give me license to flourishe my phrases, to embellish my lines, to adorne my oratory, to embroder my speeches, to enterlace my words, to draw out my sayings, and to bombaste the whole fuit of the bufineffe for the time of your wearing. For though truthe appeareth best bare in matters of justice, yet in this I hold it decent to attire her with such poore raggs as I have instead of robes."
We cannot enter into any particular account of the marvellous exploits of Mr. Nicolas Wood, to whom · Two loynes of mutton, and one loyne of veal were but as three (prats ;' for farther matters we must refer to the book.
In one Article an account is given, with an engraving, of an ancient piece of household furniture, which is said to have cscaped the notice of our antiquaries, or at least not to have been before engraved or mentioned by them. It is called a Curfew, or Couvre-feu, from its use, which is that of suddenly putting out a fire : it is of copper, rivetted together, as folder would have been liable to melt with the heat. The late Rev. Mr. Gostling of Canterbury, to whom it belonged, says it has been in his family for time immemorial, and was always called the Curfew. Some others are still remaining in Kent and Susfex. This utensil is supposed to have been first used in the time of William the Conqueror, to whose orders about putting out fires and candles, is attributed the rise of the Curfew-bell.
A collection of indulgences, which is exhibited in another fhort number, manifests the astonishing manner in which Popih impudence and oppression triumphed over the credulity, ignorance, and superstition of mankind. They are granted to those who repeat certain Latin prayers. The following are fpecimens :
“ To all them that be in a state of grace, that daily say devoutly this prayer before this blessed Lady of Pity, she will thew them her blessed visage, and warn them the day and hour of death; and in their laft end, the angels of God Mall yield their fouls to heaven; and he thall obtain 500 years, and so many
Lents of pardon, granted by five holy Fathers, Popes of Rome."
« Our holy Father, Sixtus the Fourth, Pope, hath granted to all them that devoutly say this prayer before the image of our Lady, the sum of 11,000 years of pardon.”
“ Our holy Father, Pope Innocent the Second, hath granted to all them that say this prayer devoutly, in the worship of the wound that our Lord had in his blessed fide, when he was dead, hanging on the Cross, 4000 days of pardon.”
This collection seems to be taken from a book for the use of the church at Salisbury, printed at Paris, 1526.
Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, appears to deserve the attention of the curious, whether considered, according to the Editor's remark, as a pleasing object, or a venerable remain of antiquity. The short account here given of these ruins is accompanied with a neat engraving. It was founded anno 1131, by Walter de Clare, brother to Gilbert Strongbowe, Earl of Pembroke. His Grace the Duke of Beaufort merits the public thanks for the care with which he causes it to be kept, as well as several other monuments of antiquity, which are his property, and may be considered as national ornaments. The Abbey is moreover still applied to a sort of religious use, the keeping of it being intrusted to a poor widow, who, by Thewing it, gains a comfortable livelihood.
One Article in this collection we may infert entire : it is the form of an old deed of gifte. •I Kyng Athelstan gyves to Paullane, Odhiam, and Rodhiam, als guid and als fayre, als ever yay mine wayre, and yarto witnesse Malde my wyfé.'
There is no account from whence the above little curiosity is taken : it appears to us one defect in this Repertory, that the Articles are not attended with any remarks, or notes, which might have rendered them sometimes more intelligible, or however more instructive, satisfactory, and entertaining to the reader.
The long story of an apparition at Pertsch in Silefia might, we think, as well have been omitted. It is found in Dr. Henry More's collection of philosophical writings, and is said to have been taken from the relation of Mortinus Weinrichius, a Silefian physician. But it had been quite as well if the Editor, or Editors, had suffered it to remain in Dr. More's works.
Blackfriars-bridge we did not expect to have found in a volume of antiquities, which may, however, serve to transmit an, account of it to posterity; and the print is, like the rest, well, executed. · Westminster Abbey, with its print, is very properly deferibed, and deposited here; as are also Queen's Cross, near Northampton; the Old Gate and Banqueting House, Whitehall; Windfor Castle, and St. James's Palace,
Beside the engravings already mentioned, so far as we have proceeded in our account of these volumes, we should also take notice of the following; the Lodge in Bụshy Park; Ruins of Bothwell Castle; the Water-fall of Lodore, on Keswick Lake, Cumberland ; Cluer Wall or Clearwell, the seat of Charles Windham, Esq; and, the Great Gate of St. Augustine's Monastery, Canterbury; to which are to be added some miscellaneous plates.
Here, for the present, we shall take leave of the Repertory; proposing to lay before our Readers some other particulars, in the next Number of our Review.
ART. III. A Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas, from Balan
bangan: Including an Account of Magindano, Sooloo, and other Inlands; and illuftrated with Thirty Copper-plates. Performed in the Tartar Galley, belonging to the Honourable Eaft-India Company, during the Years 1774, 1775, 1776, by Capt. Thomas Forreit. To which is added, a Vocabulary of the Magindano Tongue. 410. 11. 11 s. 6 d. Robson.' 1779. HOME few years ago, Mr. Dalrymple, an ingenious gentle
man in the East-India fervice, projected, and strongly recommended, the making an English fettlement, or establishing a factory, on the island of Balambangan, near the north extremity of Borneo *. We gather, from the present publication, that this plan took effect t; that Mr. Dalrymple, who first made the English acquainted with the Sooloos, an active mercantile people who inhabit an archipelago between Borneo and Magindano, or, as it is generally termed, Mindanao, procured from them, for the East India Company, a grant of the north part of Borneo, with some islands on that coast, which are prelumed not to be within the claim of any European power whatever.
In August 1774, ambassadors came from the heir apparent of the Sultan of Mindanao to Balambangan, in whose train was a native of the Moluccas, who having been long employed there by the Dutch, had gained an accurate knowledge of those islands. This man, whose name was Ishmael Tuan Hadjee, had been beyond Pitt's Straits, as far as the coast of New Guinea, called Papua; and reported that nutmegs grew there. On this intelligence, and with a view to obtain fpices from places unconnected with the Dutch, Mr. Herbert, the chief, and his council, resolved to attempt a small embarkation to New Guinea ; and intrusted the management of it to Capt. Forreft.
* See Review, vol. xl. p. 94. 427, and vol. xliv. p. 290. † Though since rendered abortive.
Such was the motive to the voyage here related ; a' motive founded on patriotic rectitude, with the view of releasing us from a dependance on a set of monopolists, who have not been actuated by the most laudable principles, nor have they always conducted themselves in the most generous, or even humane manner.
To elude the jealousy of the Dutch, to be able to navigate the narrow feas with fafety, and to accommodate himself to the abilities and humours of a Malay crew, Capt. Forrest undertook this expedition, in a Sooloo boat, of about ten tons burden, which he named the Tartar galley: and his company confisted of twenty-two, of whom only four, including himself and a passenger he left at the island of Sooloo, were Europeans. Ihmael Tuan Hadjee, before mentioned, was one who went with him, but was a refractory kind of affociate, and left him by the way; so that considering the complexion of Capt. For rest's associates, with the nature of the voyage, it required no little fortitude and discretion to go through with the undertaking
Mankind are ever on the search after something new; when, therefore, we meet with an intelligent traveller or voyager, we engage cordially in his undertaking, enter into his circumstances with avidity, interest ourselves in all his adventures, fear, hope, and rejoice with him, until he returns home : but then-instead of sympathizing in the pleasure he must feel in the accomplishment of his purpose, or in the repose he enjoys after his fatigues and dangers, we are apt to repine that he has no more to go through for our amusement !
The most valuable particulars, however, in a voyage for difcovery, are not those which furnish entertainment for the gener ral reader. The nature of tides, variations of the compafs, bearings of land, soundings and quality of harbours, and the productions of countries; all these are frequently passed over as dry stuff, for the pleasure of dwelling on a quarrel with a wild Indian about a cocoa nut, or a stolen handkerchief. But though miscellaneous incidents claim an occasional share of Capt. Forreft's attention, he never forgets the errand upon which he was sent: and his conduct throughout fully justifies the confidence repored in him.
When the Tartar galley arrived at Dory harbour, on the north fide of New Guinea, search was made for the nutmeg tree, at first with no success; but on promising a reward for the discovery, several were found on an adjacent small'iland called Manaswary. Many young ones springing round the old trees, Capt. Forrest planted above a hundred in baskets with earth round them, to carry to Balambangan; and his first disappointment is the easier accounted for, by the inhabitants not regarding the nutmeg as a fruit of any kind of use: of course it gave way in their esteem to the plantain, the cocoa nut, the bread Rey, Apr. 1779.