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We are concerned at being obliged to rank the present attempt among those unfortunate products of presumption and ignorance, which can reflect no reputation on its Author, nor afford initrudjon to the Reader. The following quotations, which we have made without selection, merely by opening the book at random, will fully juftify our cenfure :
The learned Gaubius, treating on the Nature of Disease, begins (feat. 35) by defining what is understood by the fate of body; which te makes to comprehend all the defects, excesses, and changes of those things in the body, and its parts, which are required for the due exercise of the fundions. To this he adds, “ Nec facile quis impedimenta externa huc retulerit, nisi qui ludere in re seria velit." By impedimenta externa, he certainly means those external circumfiances which may, for a time, prevent the exercise of the functions, 'but do not reside in the body; but our translator senders it, “ nor can any one offer objections, unless, &c.”
Sect. 36, the Author goes on to say, that medicine is concerned only in those disorders which arise from aberrations of the body; but which, he says, “ habent tamen, mutui nexus lege, primam fæpe originem in mente, hujufve operationes fua eficacia perturbant.” The * Tranflator says, “ They may, however, on account of the mutual connection of the mind and body, have their origin in the former, and the operations of it may obftruet its own cure.
Sect. 37. The cause “ præcipua medici in opere verfantis cura efle debei,” is translated, " ought to be the principal care of the phys. scian having a fare in the work.”
Sect. 38. The Author fays, that fince disease supposes a ftate of body deviating from a sound one, “ eo præsente effectus, ex fanitate ut ex fua causa profluentes, id eft a&tiones, quoque alienari neceffe eft.” This is rendered, “when it is present, the effe as of bealth arising from their own cause, i. e. the funétions, most peceliarily be eltranged."
Sect. 40. The word infuetudo, “ disuse,” is rendered by its oppofire, babit.
In our short progress we had marked the subsequent fe&tions 41, 43, 44, 45, as containing blunders equally destructive of the sense of the original; but we apprehend our Readers will not think it necessary for us to quote any farther. Nor shall we add to these proofs of the Translator's ignorance of Latin, the innumerable instances we could produce of his equal incapacity to write English. We have done enough to prevent the Public from being milled, and we wish to do no more. Art. 17. Formule Medicamentorum Selecta; or, Select Prescrip
tions of the most eminent Physicians, for various Diseases incident to the human Body. By Edward Fox, Apothecary in Ordinary to her Royal Highness Princess Amelia. Svo. 75. bound. Cadell.
Here is a goodly volume manufactured in the easieft manner that can be conceived. The matter is all taken from an apothecary's file: and the arrangement cannot have cost the Compiler much trouble, since it is only an alphabetical list of intermixed names of diseases and classes of medicines, part Latin, part English. There are, doubtless, many elegant and efficacious formulæ in the collec.
tion; and there are many more neither uncommon nor excellenti Our general opinion of collections of this kind is, that they cannot be used without a considerable degree of previous medical knowledge, and that to persons fo qualified they are not at all necessary. Our present Compiler hopes they may at least be useful to thole who,, live at a distance from the metropolis. The country practitioners are obliged to him for his intentions, but as they derive their principles from the same matters with their London brethren, we apprehend they will not expect much improvement from turning over a parcel of their prescriptions.
POLITICAL. Art. 18. The Conduct of Admirals Hawke, Keppel, and Palliser
compared. 8vo. A dispassionate remonftrance against the behaviour of an Admiral reported to have 'refused his faither services to his country, unless he is gratified by removal of the first officer over the naval department: 'a conduct which the Writer deduces from party spirit ; and consider3 as an unbecoming example, deitructive to all the ties of political fubordination.
Whenever a commander fuffers private pique to take place of his obligations to his country, there is some consolation in knowing that men of military merit are always to be found, equally able and willing to undertake the duties of superior stations. Art. 19. Stri&tures on the Philadelphia Mischianza, or Triumphi
upon leaving America unconquered. With Extracts, containing the principal Part of a Letrer published in the “ American Crisis." In order to sew how far the King's Enemies, think his General deserving of public Honours. 8vo. I s.
Another cwelve-penny worth on the truly ridiculous military rareeshew in America! Verily, if all these pamphlets * have answered the Writer's purpose, he has made a pretty penny of his subject, and is in duty bound to thew his gratitude by trying one at least on the other fide. Art. 20. Observations upon the Conduet of S-W-MH
at the White Plains ; as related in the Gazette of December 30.h, 1776. 8vo. Bew. 1779.
General Howe having invited a public inquiry into his conduct in America, I must make hatte, quoth this ready Observer, and get the start of it. Accordingly taking the Gazette letter for his text, and as part of his pamphlets which, by the bye, is making it answer a twofold purpose, and without waiting for any farther knowledge of circumstances to explain the brief relation of faets ; out comes twelve. penny worth of fashionable abuse, for the good of our country:
All that perhaps ought to be said on a pending subject, will be to advise thofe who wish to form a mature judgment, to have a little patience, for the benefit of more ample and more authoritative information, than is to be expected from those who' kindly undertake to guide our opinions without intitling themselves to our confidence.
* Review, March, p. 236, Art. 39. Rev. May, 1779.
Art. 21. The R- Register. With Annotations by another Hand. Vols. Il. and III. 12mo. 2 5. 6d, each. Bew. 1779.
In our Journal for February, 1778, P. 153, we gave an account of the firft volume of this pretended Royal Regifier, intimating the plan, and exhibiting a specimen of the execution. The work is moch fuperior to the common casch-penny things. The Writer has acquired information ; he possesses ability to make the most of it; and his remarks are enlivened by the number and variety of characters and anecdotes with which these little volumes abound. In brief, this Register may be confidered as one of the more tolerable fort of fcanda. lous chronicles; for ttrict joftice is done to some worthy personages, whole portraits serve as striking contrasts, not companions, to some of the ill-favoured figures which are grouped in this motley exhibition. Art. 22. The Earl of Bristol's Speech, taken exactly down, as
spoken in the House of Lords, Die Veneris, 23° Aprilis, 1779. 400. is. Almon.
This celebrated Speech will, no doubt, be considered as a valuable ftate-tra&, relative to the present condition of the British pavy; according to the view taken of it, by an anti-minifterial investigator. It is well known in what manner, and with what eclat, Lord Sand. wich triumphed over this formidable attack upon his administration, Art. 23. La Caffette Verte de Monsieur de Sartine, & c. The
Green Box of M. de Sartine, found in the Dreffing-room of Mad. du Thé. The Fifth Edition, revised and corrected according to the Editions of Leipfic and Amsterdam. Printed at the Hague for the Widow Whiskerfeld, in the Platte Borse, near the Vrydagmerkt. 8vo. 2 s.
2 s. Sold by Becket, &c. It is not necessary to read so far in this truly humourous performance, as the plan of operations for the ensuing campaign, to perceive that it comes from the fame pen which produced the pamphler * Anticipation,' of ludicrous memory. The present work has, if poflible, still more of the vis comica; and Mr. T. if he has written the French, which we are led to believe from several errors in idiom, displays great versatility of genius, in describing foreign manners and characters, in a foreign language, with a degree of humour that unites the strength of Swift and the grace of Voltaire. In the domeltic past of the work the Shelburn party are painted with a bold severity of ridicule, scarcely paralleled but in the “ clouds of Arif tophanes." The learned reader will draw a comparison between the edifying speculations of the Socratic school, and the physico-politicotheological reveries of his Lordship and his friends. It belongs to the Public to determine whether the satire against the English statele man be equally unjust with that against the Athenian sage. There is, doubtless, great originality in the execution of this performance; but the design and title of it have, probably, been borrowed from a lively effufion of French gaiety, intitled, “ Le Petit Poste devalisé *."
* " The Penny. Poft robbed." The full import of devalisé carnot, we believe, be tranflated into English.
Po E TICA L. Art, 24. An Elegy on the Death of the Rev. John Långhorne, D.D.
Prebendary of Wells, and Rector of Blagdon in Somersetthire. 4to.
Portal. 1779. Productions of this kind being commonly di&tated by perfonal friendship, ought, whatever be their merit, to be exempied from the severity of criticism. Where they are excellent, it is but jullice to praise them; where they fall short of that character, humanity will interpose, were it only in tenderness to the subject and occasion. In general, the faire part which a journalist can , in these cases, is to let the performance speak for itself, by a specimen indifferentlý extracted; we shall follow this rule, in regard to the present Article :
Yet, gentle Bard ! if from that fining sphere,
Where, to high praise, thy facred numbers flow,
And love the fond fincerity of woe,
Though far beneath my lofty aim it rise;
What purer incense can affect the kies?
No grateful muse thy honour'd alhes moura,
Enwreath'd with flowers, and place it o'er thy urn
The grateful Naiads fhall thy fongs rehearse,
And elves bound lightly to thy magic verse. This modeft and honel Writer is well known in the Poet's walk, on account of his former publications, which have, in general, been favourably received. The pieces here alluded io are, Olindo and Sophronia, a Tragedy; Innocence, a poetical Essay; War, an Ode; and Nuptial Elegies. Art. 25. A Funeral Eulogium to the Memory of David Garrick, Ejq;
a Poem. Dedicated to Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Esq; 4to. i So Etherington.
A poor attempt to traduce the memory of Garriçki Art. 26. The Apotheosis of Punch : A satirical Masque: With a
Monody on the Death of the late Master Punch; as now performing at the Patagonian Theatre, 8vo, is. Wenman.
Alius & idem ! Art. 27. Refle&tions on the Death of Miss Martha Raj; bý a
Gentleman who was accidentally present at the laît Scene of her dreadful Murder. 4to. 6d. Harrison.
The mistress of Lord S is here lamented as a virtuous chose raiter :
But why lament her fall? She fell to rise,
If Virtue ftill ascends its native kies.
Art. 28. The Distracted Lover ; a Poem ; supposed to have been
addressed to an unfortunate Lady, a few Hours before her melan-
Mr. Hackman, before the fatal act for which he fuffered,
tial Sons of Momus. 410.
This unreasonable satirist, who, in The Watch, an ode; in Royal
“ Why baulk an Author's appetite and sale?”
The infernal deities, a pack of malignant rascals as they are, meet