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MILITARY.
Art. 41. A Treatise on the Art of War; or, Rules for conducting
an Army in all the various Operations of regular Campaigns

. By
John, Count Orourke, Colonel of Horse, Knight of the Royal
Order of St. Louis, and Lord Chamberlain to the late King of Po.
land, &c.

4to. 1. is. Boards. Dodsley, &c. 1778.
A work of this kind, from an officer who has seen service, car.
not fail of being useful, in particular, to those gentlemen of the pro.
fellion who have not received the advantages of experience. Count
Orourke had a command in that Ruflian army which took poffefion
of Berlin, in the year 1760 ; and, in consequence of his good con-
duct on that memorable occasion [as we learn from the Poftfcript to
this Treatise], he was afterward honoured with the favourable notice
and regard of his Pruffian Majelty, and the royal family; in evi-
dence of which, he has here printed certain letters which he received
from the King, and from Prince Henry.-There is, perhaps, an air
of oftentation in all this, which does not seem to accord, very hap-
pily, with the title of a paper of four pages, prefixed to the noble
Count's performance, viz. A List of Subscribers.

If any purchaser should object that the fize of this book does not
bear the usual proportion to the price, they must conüder the ex-
pence

of the copper plates, which are fourteen in number; exhibit.
ing the various positions and movements of an army. Some of the
plans, described in the fe engravings, may poflibly be new—but we
have not had an opportunity of comparing this production with
former treatises on the art of war. - On the whole, however, we
doubt noc but this work will be serviceable to those who are desirous
of making a diftinguithed progress in the study of a science whicb,
certainly, is not of a fuperficial nature, nor to be compréhended
within a narrow compass.

M E DICA L.
Art. 42. An Elay on the Cure of Abscesses by Caustic, and on the

Treatment of Wounds and Ulcers; with Observations on some Im-
provements in Surgery: Also, a new Method of introducing
Mercury into the Circulation, for the Cure of the Lues Venerea :
With the Remarks of Dr. Hunter and Mr. Cruikhank, Professors
of Anatomy, in Support of this Practice. By P. Clare, Surgeon,
8vo.

This is as odd a farrago as we remember to have met with. The
subject which appears most conspicuous in the title-page, has hardly
pages
alloited to it; and the work is made

up of quotations,
cases, and old flories, put together in a strange random manner.
The only thing at all new in this miscellany, is the proposal of a
new method of impegnating the system with mercury. This is, by
rubbing calomel in powder, moistened with faliva, on the inside of
the cheek, round the orifice of the salivary duct. The Author fup.
poses, that this internal friction will produce a more eafy and expe-
ditious absorption of the mercurial particles than the common fric-
tions on the surface of the body; and he asserts that experience has
confirmed his opinion. A long annexed paper of remarks on this
new practice, by Mr. Cruikshank, contains many curious observa-

2 5. 6 d.

Cadell. 1779.

three

1

tions

tions on the nature of absorption, and is, indeed, by much the most valuable part of the publication. Art. 43. Gulftorian Lectures, read at the College of Physicians,

February 15, 16, and 17; by Samuel Musgrave, M D. Fellow of the College, and of the Royal Society: Containing Ihree Lectures, I. On the Dyspnea. II. On the Pleurisy and Peripneumony.

III. On the Pulmonary Consumption. 800. 2 s. Payne, &c. : 1779.

The first of these short treatises begins with a general account of the mechanical effe&ts of respiracion. The Writer criticises a passage of Baron Haller's, in which it is asserted, that ftraining is attended with a greater descent of the diaphragm. On the contrary, he maintains, that in muscular efforts the diaphragm ascends, and diminishes the cavity of the thorax, thereby itopping the courfe of the blood through the pulmonary vessels. On this principle he accounts for various instances of tempo ary dy{puca ; and after making some obfervations on the several kinds of irregular respiration, he proceeds to illuftrate the nature of the morbid dyspnea. He concludes with laying it down as a priociple, that in moit cases where a dyipnea occurs, ir dependent of any cause externally compresling the lungs or diaphragm, it then originates from a præternatural enlargement or tumefaction of that subtfance, in which the pulmonary vessels are bedded.'

The second lecture, on the Pleurisy and Peripneumony, is chiefly a commentary on, and recommendation of, Sydenham's method of cure in those diseafes; every article of which Dr. Musgrave thinks founded on jult observation and experience. In particular, he infifts on he importance of that great physician's much neglected precept of taking the patient out of bed every day for a considerable time during the course of the disease, the advantages of which he confirms by his own experience.

In the third lecture, on the Pulmonary Consumption, we find little worthy of notice, except fome remarks on consumptive direases proceeding from a cold cause, which the Writer fupposes die rectly contrary in their nature to the inflammatory consumption, and requiring a contrary treatment. le was in this species of consumpcion, he supposes, that the warm medicines recommended by former practitioners were particularly serviceable ; and he corroborates their teftimony by adducing some instances, from his own experience, of remarkable success attending the exhibition of camphor, joined with pitre, in these cases.

To this view of the matter contained in these lectures, we have only to add, that they are written in very pure and correct language; an excellence, the want of which we often lament in modern medical publications. Art. 44. Thesaurus Medicus : Sive Disputationum in Academia

Edinensi, ad rem medicam pertinentium, a Collegio instituto ad hoc
usque Tempus, Delectus, a Gulielmo Smellio, .. P. É. S. babitus.
Tom. II. 8vo. 6 s. Boards. Edinburgh, Elliot and Creech;
Murray, London. 1779.
The contents of this second * volume of Edinburgh Medical Theses

• For the first volume, fee Review, o&. 1778, p. 305.

are I s.

are as follows: De Incubo, Bond. De Lienteria, Scaplan, De Azdiiu, Fen Sleigh. De Conceptu, Merriman. De Hydrope Analaria, Langlands. De Ferri Hiftoria Naturali, Preparatis, & Ufu Medico, Wright. De Hydrope, D. Monro. De Aihmate, Abernethie, De Amaurof, Rofs. De Humore acido a Cibis orto, & Magnefia Aiba, Black. De Ulcere Uteri, Broughton. De Tejiibus & de Semine in va. riis Animalibus, A. Monro. De Morbo Hypochondriaco, Turner. De Mercurio, Owen. De Bile, Ramsay. De Catarrbała, Lander. De Catarrbo, G. Fordyce.

MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 45. An Oration at the Dedication of Free Mason's Hall in

Sunderland, in the County of Durham, July 16, 1778. By Brother W. Hutchinson. 4to. Baldwin,

A learned and ingenious display of the antiquity and importance of Free Masonry. Art. 46. The Governefs. From the French of Monf. Le Fevre,

Translated by E. P. Small 8vo. Is. Dodsley. To those who are interested in the education of children, this little work will be a very valuable present. It teaches the necessity of beginning the business of education from earlieft infancy, and of obferving a steady and unremitting discipline. This method is proved to be, not only the most certain, but the mildest also, and the most easy, that can be pursued in forming the minds of children to those habits of virtue which are to conttitute the bafis of their future character in life. Art. 47. The Speech of the Earl of Sandwich, in the House of

Lords,, May 14, 1779; being the Fourteenth Day of the Sitting of the Committee of Enquiry into the Management of Greenwich Hospital. 4to.

Cadell. A masterly refutation of the charges brought by Capt. Baillie against the First Lord of the Admiralty, Art. 48. Thoughts in younger Life on interesting Subjects; or

Poems, Letters, and Essays, moral, elegiac, and descriptive. With Memoirs of the Author. By George Wright, Esq; Author of the Rural Christian. Small 8vo. 3 s. bound. Buckland.

Our Author is his own biographer : and what critic fo fastidious as to deny him the privilege of talking about his own dear felf, when he can plead ihe respectable authority of William Lilly the conjuror, and George Whitefield, that “ chief of finners”-as he was always proud to call himself, for the purpose of fbewing his humility!

Mr. George Wright gives us a specimen of this faint-like dispofi. tion : for alter an enumeration of his good qualities, holy employments, and innocent amusements, he modestly cautions his Readers not to think he is without faults.' No. - He hath (as he corfesseth in the dismal cant of fanaticism) his failings, errors, and shortcomings : chefe afford him ample matter for daily concern, selfabasement, and reformation.' The Author might place this book in the catalogue of his short-comings, and find in itample matter for felf-abasement and reformation. But vanity is as deceitful as vice : and your firibbling finners (especially if they should be addicted to the fin of poetry) are of all others the most hardened against con

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viction : and because, like the Pharisees, they “ think they fee, therefore their fin remainech."

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL, Art. 49. A Charge, delivered at several Visitations of the

Clergy, held at York, and in the Weft-Riding of Yorkshire, in the Year 1778. By William Cooper, D. D. F. R. S. Archdeacon of York. 4to.

Cadell. Dr. Cooper exhorts his reverend brethren with warmth and dignity. and he unfolds to them the duties of their station in a manner equally perspicuous, forcible and persuasive. He thus expresses himself on the influence and necessity of example in the clerical character :

To correct licentiousness, awake the lethargic from their supineness and folly, thew with good effect the pernicious nature and sad consequences of fin, rescue profligate and notorious finners from their unhappy situation, pointing out the absurdity of their proceedings and iheir danger, the danger of being punished avith everlafting de Atruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; to do this with good effect, we, my Reverend Brethren, must be eminent for our virtue, eminent for our learning. It is the remark of a writer *, not more distinguished for the wisdom of his admonitions, than the excellency of his conduct, that “ the life of a pious clergyman is visible rhecoric.” The expression is juft. Such a character is a burning light, looked up to by all with admiration, heard upon every occation with attention, reverence, regard. If our seputation is clear and unsullied, the greatest blesing we can enjoy upon earth, our preaching will have its full force; for example is more instructive than precept, and the words of the exemplary will have weight. A clergyman must consider any piece of preferment given him, not merely as a gift, but as a trust,“ honorem illum non solum datum sed etiam creditum ;” and in order to act his part with the greater credit, he will deny himself every pleasure, even the most innocent, which may in any respect obstruct the laudable discharge of his office. The pious Hooker, when Master of the Temple, laid the foundation of his incomparable work on Ecclekaftical Polity; but he obtained leave to retire from that confpicuous situation, into a “ quiet country parsonage, where he had more leisure to pursue his studies, might see God's bleflings springing out of his mother earth, and eat his own bread in peace and privacy; a place, where, without disturbance, he might meditate his approaching mortality, and that great account, which all filesh muit, at the lali great day, give to the God of all spirits." Let us revere che memory of that valuable man, and as many of us as are possessed of benefices in the country, learn, by his example, to make the best use of solitude ; converse with learned books, with God, and our own souls; instructing our flocks ; visiting the fick; administering the facraments; aiding the indigent; convincing the people by a conduct, rational and uniform, that our hope lies beyond the grave, and that it is not in the power of this world to charm our hearts to a forgetfulness of God, our fellow-creatures, and ourselves.'

Hooker.

Art.

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Art. 50. An Esay towards a Demonstration of the Scripture Tri

nity. By the late learned Dr. Daniel Scott, Author of the Ap.
pendix to H. Stephens's Greek Lexicon in 2 Vols. Folio. Thirdi
Edition, to which is prefixed some Account of the Author. 12m0.
I s. Goadby.

The Author of this little tract was eminent in the learned world on account not only of the Appendix to the Greek Lexicon above mentioned, but also for a New Version of St. Matthew's Gospel, with critical notes, and an examination of Dr. Mills's various read. ings, which he published in 1741. The two folio volumes addi. rional to Stephens's Lexicon fully displayed his diligence, critical skill and precision. They were dedicated to Archbishop Secker and Bishop Buller, who had been fellow pupils with Dr. Scott at an aca. demy at Tewksbury, and honoured him with their esteem, friendship, and correspondence. By their persuasion, we are here told, he was engaged in the above work, to the regret of many of his friends, and the friends of sacred literature : for his close application to it, for many years, broke his health and spirits, and probably shortened his useful life, exclusive of the confideration that he was a loser of several hundred pounds by this publication. We are farther in. formed that, by this means, he was prevented from completing a large Lexicon for the Greek Teftament, on a plan resembling Pa. for's, which he had begun, and which would have been more use. ful than the other ; he therefore lamented his having yielded to the persuasions of his dignified friends.

The present effay appears to have been first published in 1724 or 1725. This edition was so speedily disposed of as greatly to forprize the Author, who soon had sufficient evidence that it was bought up and suppressed by an eminent prelate, Dr. Edmund Gibson. A second edition, with some enlargements, was published in 1738, and even then it was so difficult to procure the pamphlet, that there was reason, it is said, to suspect that dishonourable methods were taken to prevent its circulation. The present Editor was well acquainted with the deceased Author; and though this essay, he tells us, bas not entirely brought him into his sentiments, yet it has increased bis efteem and affection, for all pious and charitable Chriftians, whatever may be their different sentiments concerning the important doc. trine here considered. • This essay, he observes, is an admirable model for those who may engage in writing on points controverted among Christians. There appears through the whole an uncommon spirit of candour, humility, and respect for the learned, from whom he differs, and whose mistakes or false reasonings he thought it his duty to point out.'

The Author pursues his subje&t in a kind of mathematical form, by definitions, axioms, corollaries, &c. and on the whole concludes that the holy fcriptures plainly teach an inferiority of the Son and Spirit to the Supreme Father. My conscience, says he, bears me witness, that I have proceeded always with this confia deration, that I am to give a most ftri& account of every line, and word, that passeth under my pen; and therefore I have been precisely careful for the matter of my book to defend trath only, and only by truth.'

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