Spreading itself where'er that Power may move Which has withdrawn his being to its own, Which wields the world with never-wearied love, Sustains it from beneath, and kindles it above. Even this note of Pantheistic ubiquitousness is not absolutely satisfying. In the funeral poetry, in the obituary notices which his passing hence has inspired, the idea of a personal immortality has somehow floated uppermost. This, in an age of Didymus agnosticism, is to be wondered at; though, indeed, elegiac poetry in the nineteenth century has concerned itself almost solely with that everlasting query, "If a man die shall he live again?" Shelley in 'Adonais,' Matthew Arnold in 'Thyrsis,' Lord Tennyson in In Memoriam,' may be cited as examples. I think it is Southey who said that one of the joys of heaven would be communion with Shakespeare; so Mr. Theodore Watts, in his exquisitely beautiful sonnet sequence, "What the silent Voices said,' asserts, in all love to the dear friend whom death had deprived the world of, “We twain shall meet on some bright shore." The thought that disturbs is not the fear of a promiscuous absorption by nature of the spiritual essence, it is a dread that perhaps his poetic unworthiness would separate him in "that distant Aidenn" from the friend whom he loved so well; but comfort comes :

And spirit-voices spake from aisle and nave: "To follow him be true, be pure, be brave: Thou needest not his lyre," the voices said. Surely there is something sacred in the death of a great poet. Shelley, whose reasonings on this question of immortality carried him to blunt negation, when apprized of the death of Keats, in that beautiful poem 'Adonais' (to my mind the greatest elegy that was ever penned), forgets his Sadducean conclusions, and expresses ideas which we find in harmony with the highest Christian orthodoxy; while in the colophonic verses he fervently longs for that immortality which his reason sought to deny. Thus poetry builds up what logic seeks to overthrow. On the warrant of deep, undefined, intuitive promptings the poet asseverates certain things; we can chime with him when he states: The soul of Tennyson, like a star, Beacons from the abode where the Eternal are. W. A. HENDERSON. Dublin.


I have made the following extracts from a MS. commonplace book which came into my hands some time ago, and which, from internal evidence, appears to have been "compiled by J. L. for the use of C. L. his only Son, Anno 1669." The book consists of a miscellaneous collection of epigrams, riddles, and so forth, together with historical and other information, and two letters, by way of

introduction, from the aforesaid J. L. to his son C. L. From the historical portion of the work I extract the following :—

who is said to have lived 361 years. He was one of the "In the reign of K, Stephen lived John de temporibus guard of Charlemagne."

"In the reign of K. H. 2nd There was a fish taken in a net, wh resembled a man in all parts, but could not speak. Was kept at Oxford 6 months and more, went to well lookt after, stole to y⚫ Sea and was never Seen more. Church-shewed no adoracion. But at length, not being

Seen at one time, after wh followed a Great Dearth. 2000 "In Hy 3rd's time There were 5 Suns in the firmament were Starved in London for want of food."

The rate at which the hero of the following episode travelled would have been rendered easier of calculation if the locality of St. George's Church had been more exactly specified :

Church to Dover, from thence passed to Callis in a Barge,
"Bernard Calvert of Andover rid from St. George's
returned again to y Same Church in 17 hours, Setting
out at 3 in y morn and returning at 8 in yo evening."

Badcock seems the most ingenious :—
Of the epitaphs the following on a certain Brown

Within this Bed of Dust here sleeps a brother,
Who grieving in one head, joyd in another
That he exchanged for this, and now on high,
Advanced by that head, lives never more to dye,
Earth made him red, water made him Brown,
Blood made him white, this colour won the crown.
He lived so just with men that his name had
No more than one small Syllable of Bad-
The Cock crows Haleluiah and shall sing
Endless Hosannas to the Eternall King-
Let not young Saints old Devills Mortalls scare,
Rare fruits soon pluckt, young Saints soon glorious are.
In a note the compiler informs us that
"Brown Badcock was my Grandmother's Brother, whose
mother was Sister or Daughter of Sr Thomas Brown.
He dyed y 19 of Octob 1656 of a violent pain in his head
Table in Shebbear* Church.'
at 27 years of age, and is buryed under the Communion

Perhaps some Yorkshire reader of 'N. & Q. may be able to vouch for the accuracy of the following:

"St. Winifred's needle in Yorkshire. In a close vaulted Room under Ground there is a hole, through wh Girls are tryd before marriage as to their virginity. If they went clear through-a sufficient proof of their vertue. But if stuck and not go through clearly Then otherwise."

"Dr. Mead's rect. to cure ye bite of a mad dog" I give in full in case any one should feel disposed to try its efficacy :

"Let the patient be blooded in y arm 9 or 10 ounces; Take of y' herb calld in Latine Lichen Cinereus Terrestris In English Ash Coloured Ground Liverwort-chewsid, dryd & powderd half an ounce; of black pepper powderd 2 Drams; Mix these well together and divide y powder into 4 doses; one of which to be taken every morning milk warm: After these 4 doses are taken, the patient fasting for 4 mornings successively in half a pint of Cow's must go into ye Cold Bath or a cold spring or river every

• In North Devon,

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[See, under 'St. Wilfred's Needle,' 8th S. ii, 228, 313, 398.]

"THE NEW HUMOUR" AND "" THE NEW CRITICISM.". -"Conceive me, if you can," what these may be tell me in brief how the new humour differs from that which has brightened our pilgrimage hitherto, and what there is in fin-de-siècle criticism that is novel or peculiar. The reviewers talk of "the New Humour as though it were in a vein that had only lately been developed; and one is breathless when there is a reference to a "New Criticism" of which the old scarifiers were presumably ignorant. I suppose I ought to know all about such things, and that I shall soon be placed au courant, with contumely, by betterinformed correspondents of N. & Q. Perhaps I may be the last person who needs to be indoctrinated in the "New Humour "; but it is only a few months since Mr. Justin Huntly McCarthy, writing in 'Pages on Plays' in the Gentleman's Magazine, so expressed himself as to give room to think that the attributes of the "New Criticism" may be unknown to some others besides myself:


"A certain body of opinion persists in connecting admiration for the Scandinavian drama with adhesion to the principles of what is known as the New Criticism. The connexion is more apparent than real. To begin with, the term New Criticism is very vague and very misleading. In its narrowest sense it refers to a certain number of young men, not six ali told, who have in common the privilege of very decided opinions, and who are not supposed to have in common an uncompromising adoration for the same gods. In its wider sense the New Criticism would seem to mean, in the mouths of its antagonists, anybody who dislikes anything that is oldfashioned, anything that is not of the moment momentary. If this definition were in any sense applicable to the New Criticism, then the New Criticism would not call for five seconds of serious consideration. If it does call for consideration at all, if it can in any real sense be said to exist, it is because it does, in the person of each of its individual members, strive very earnestly and very anxiously after artistic truth and artistic beauty. That a New Criticism exists which has any common principles, any common plan of campaign, any common principles of judgment, it would be, I imagine, rash to maintain. The little handful of men who are commonly supposed to serve under that banner are indeed chiefly remarkable for the incompatibility of their views, for their almost uncompromising differences of opinion, for their deeply sundered theories of artistic salvation."

To strive after artistic truth and beauty was, I

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Truth and Good are one

And Beauty dwells in them, and they in her
With like participation.

'BECKET' AT THE LYCEUM.-In some of the newspaper notices of this play it has been remarked that the hymn sung at Vespers just before the murder of St. Thomas a Beckett was 66 Telluris ingens conditor." Now this hymn (which in the Breviary reads "Telluris alme conditor") was, and is, the hymn for the weekday on which the archbishop was killed. But that weekday was then, in England, a vacant day (i. e., no feast being celebrated) within the octave of Christmas. According to the Breviary rubrics, the hymn would have been not that of the feria or weekday, but that of Christmas Day, namely, Jesu! Redemptor omnium." Now, in England, the day is not vacant, being occupied by the feast of St. Thomas himself; and while the psalms (in accordance with a custom peculiar to the Christmas octave) are of the Nativity, the hymn used is that for martyrs, "Deus tuorum militum," the last verse, or doxology, being changed to " Jesu Tibi sit gloria Qui natus es de Virgine," in honour of the Incarnation. GEORGE ANGUS.

St. Andrews, N.B.

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SHAGREEN. - If my admiration of the oldfashioned, prettily-tinted, mosaic-like shagreen were not largely shared, bric-a-brac covered therewith might not, perhaps, be so eagerly competed for when it comes into the sale-room. Shagreen being durable and decorative, why it gradually dropped out of use early in the century was probably owing to the same causes that relegated mezzotints and stipple engravings to the attic, whence of late years they have found their way down again to the drawing-room.

In this country working in shagreen is now principally confined to covering the handles of swords, on which the excrescences are left, so that a good grip may be obtained. The undressed skins of sharks and other fish of the order Seluchia, from which shagreen is prepared, are imported in small quantities, the finest specimens coming from Japan, where shagreen is decoratively used in the arts. The preparation of the undressed skin consists in softening by long soaking in warm water, and cleansing with a scratch-brush. When soft it can be cut with a pair of scissors or knife, which will readily follow the curves of the projections. The intensely hard and ivory-like nodules require grinding down until a flat surface is obtained. In

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REV. LAURENCE STERNE (1713-1768).-The marriage by licence of the "Reverend Mr Lawrence Sterne" with Mrs. Elizabeth Lumley, "of Little Alice Lane, within the Close of the Cathedrall," is recorded in the register of York Minster, under date March 30, 1741 (Easter Monday). Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Robert Lumley, rector of Bedale, co. York, by Lydia, widow of Thomas Kirke, Esq., of Cookridge, Yorks, died at Angoulême, about the year 1772, leaving an only child Lydia, who married a Mr. de Medalle, and is supposed to have perished in the French Revolution of 1790. DANIEL HIPWELL.

17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

FLOWERS ON GRAVES.-In a notice of Mr. Baring-Gould's volume of 'Strange Survivals' in the Athenæum of Feb. 11 (p. 179), it is stated :"Are we sure that dressing graves with flowers is not, as far as this country is concerned, a modern practice, like the Christmas tree, imported from over the sea? Flowers were strewed on the highways to welcome great people, and we believe also before funeral processions, but we do not remember their being used as ornaments till our own time."

It may not be known where or when the custom of placing flowers on graves originated, but the reviewer is mistaken in stating that flowers were not used for decking graves "till our own time," and must have forgotten his Shakespeare :— Sweets to the sweet: Farewell! [Scattering flowers. I hop'd thou shouldst have been my Hamlet's wife; I thought thy bride-bed to have deck'd, sweet maid, And not t' have strew'd thy grave.

'Hamlet,' V. i. W. W. DAVIES.

Glenmore, Lisburn, Ireland, "CORPORAL VIOLET."-Apropos of Lord Beaconsfield and the primrose, I may mention Bonaparte and the violet. In my possession is a scarce and curious contemporary coloured engraving, size about eight by six inches, bearing the above heading, and "published by J. E. Wallis, 42, Skinner Street, London, and J. Wallis, junr., Marine Library, Sidmouth." It represents a bunch of violets (being a puzzle-explained as below-of a

similar kind to those now used by many grocers and other tradesmen on their paper wrappers and trade cards), under which is the following interesting inscription, both within an ornamental border :

Buonaparte having on his departure for the Island of Elba, promised his Confidential Friends to return in the Violet Season, his adherents adopted the above simple Flower as a Rallying Signal. Corporal Violet' became their favorite Toast, and each was distinguished by a Gold Ring with a Violet in Enamel, and the motte Elle reparaitra au printems!' (It will appear again in spring.) As soon as it become generally known that he had Landed at Frejus, a multitude of the Women of Paris were seen with Baskets full of these Flowers, which were purchased and worn by His Friends, without exany one thus decorated, to ask 'Aimez vouz la violette?* citing the least suspicion. It was customary on meeting (Do you like the Violet?) when if they answered 'Oui' (Yes) it was certain the party was not a confederate. But if the reply was Eh bien' (Well) they recognised an adherent, and completed the sentence Elle reparaitra au printems!' The original Print of which the above is a correct Copy, was also published at Paris, with the same symbolical meaning; in which may be traced the Profiles of Buonaparte and Maria Louisa, watching over their Infant Child." W. I. R. V.

JOY GLORY.-In the "Promptorium Parvulorum' there is a notice of "Ioye, gaudium, gloria," and gloria appears in the long list of Latin equivalents of "Ioy" in the 'Catholicon Anglicum'; but no example of joy glory is adduced by the editor of either of these vocabularies. Neither is this meaning of joy, unknown to Halliwell, noticed by Stratmann or his editor. I discovered this meaning while assisting the editor of the Surtees Society's Life of St. Cuthbert,' and noted in the glossary two examples occurring in the text :—

Shewed of his ioy a visyoun, translating "suæ gloriæ majestatem ostendens "; And pou refuse all werldes ioy, translating "tu gloriam mundi respuis." Our lay forefathers, as I also noted, were taught to say in the vernacular the doxology, "Ioye be to the fadir," &c., and one part of the Te Deum," Thou the ioze of the fader." Robert of Brunne uses the word in a similar sense when he says ('Chronicle,' ed. Furnivall, 327) that Troius made a cite of ioye,

i. l.,

After his name & calde hit Troye,

"he built a glorious city which he called Troy after his own name," where I correct Dr. Furnivall's punctuation. Examples, too, occur in the play of Mary Magdalene' in the 'Digby Mysteries, of which the following may suffice (p. 91, 1. 967):—

stronge gates of brasse!

the kyng of Ioy enteryd In per-at. Christ is, of course, the King of glory. F. ADAMS 105, Albany Road, Camberwell, S.E.

ADMIRAL Kempenfeldt. I looked at the notice in the 'Dictionary of National Biography' to see if he left a widow and children; but it is silent. The article reminds one of a journey on the Metropolitan Railway-you are "brought up" every few minutes with a jerk, by square brackets [q.v.]. I should have thought readers might be credited with an amount of intelligence sufficient

to enable them to make cross-references, if they want to know anything about the other persons mentioned. I wanted none of them, and all pleasure of reading the notice is destroyed by such constant cross-references. RALPH THOMAS.

"SQUIN."-"N. & Q.' has from time to time pilloried many etymological guesses. I have come upon one to-day which is startling in its absurdity. The late Mr. P. H. Gosse gives it in his charming A Year at the Shore.' It is only just to say that the author is careful to let his readers know that he does not accept it :


"Twenty bushels of scallops are sometimes taken at once, but this is rare. The average produce of the Weymouth trawlers is five bushels per week......The worthy woman who commands the supply had had the trade in her hands for twenty-eight years in 1853; she had never heard them called by any other name than 'squins,' though she understood they were called scallops in some places. Squin' is by some said to be a corruption of Quin,' after the actor and epicure of that name, who is reported to have been fond of the delicate mollusk."—P. 25.

EDWARD PEACOCK. THE LAST OF THE PLANTAGEN TAGENETS.-On Jan. 13 I followed to his grave in Arno's Vale Cemetery, Bristol, Wrey Chichester Bruton, who died Jan. 9. His pedigree will be found in Burke (Royal Families,' &c., vol. ii. ped. ccxxxi.). It ends thus: "Wrey Chichester Bruton, Esq., of Calcutta, 16th in a direct descent from Ed. III., and entitled to quarter the Plantagenet.' He told me once that one of the many young men to whom he was a friend had rhymed upon him :

You may not imagine it,

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But dear old Wrey Bruton's a real live Plantagenet. Those who knew best this spirit, at once genial and saintly, will be the first to acknowledge that his descent from a great house was the least of all his titles to a place in their memory.

D. C. T. LETTER OF EDWARD, PRINCE OF WALES, 1471. -The following letter of Edward, Prince of Wales, son of Henry VI., is of sufficient interest to be put on record, if not already edited. The spelling must have been modernized. It refers to the time when Henry VI., having been restored in 1470, was dethroned by Edward, "Earl of March," who then recovered the throne for himself as Edward IV. Queen Margaret landed with an army at Weymouth. Edward, "Earl of March," caught her and her army at Tewkesbury and defeated them.

The brave young prince was either slain in the fight or murdered after it was over. Henry VI. was imprisoned in the Tower, and was probably murdered as soon as Edward IV. returned to London. See Shakspeare, '3 Henry VI.,' Act V. sc. v.

John Daunt marryed Ann daughter of Sir Robert Stawel of Stawel Somersetshire.

wrote the ensuyng letter when he landed with the Queen his Mother at Waymouth which was (as witnesseth Stowe) Easterday the xi year of Edward the fourth (1471) By the Prince.

This is that John Daunt to whome Prince Edward

Trusty and wel beloved, wee greete yowe wel acquaintinge yowe that the day wee bee arriued att Waymouth in safety, blessed bee oure Lorde. And att owr Landinge, wee haue knowledge, that Edward Erle of Marche the kings greate Rebell owr Enemy approacheth him in armes towards the kings highness whiche Edward wee purpose withe Gods grace to encounter in all haste possible. Wherefore wee heartily pray yowe and in the kings name name [sic] charge yowe that yowe incontynent after the sighte hereof come to vs wheresoeuer wee bee, with all such fellowshyppe as yowe canne make in your most defensible Aray, as owre Trust is that you will doe. Written att Waymouth aforesayd the xiii day of Aprill. Moreouer wee will that yowe charge the Baylife of Me... Pavton to make all the people there to come in theyre best Aray to us in all haste and that the sayd Bayly brynge with him the Rent for owr Lady day paste, and hee nor the Tenants fayle not, as you intend to haue owr fauor. EDWARDE.

From MS. pedigree of Daunt, in possession of Elliot Daunt, Esq., Brigg, Lincolnshire, October, J. T. F.


Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham.

PURL, PUNCH, AND TODDY.-I am surprised that so well-informed a writer as Mr. W. Besant should suppose that these beverages are extinct. In his very unpleasant story 'The Demoniac,' 1890, p. 13, he says: "Punch and toddy are now as extinct as saloop and purl." At many publichouses in London and elsewhere the sale of purl is announced. Moreover, it would be a very exceptional wine-merchant's list which did not include punch, and an invitation to a glass of toddy would certainly be quite up to date in many places. JAMES HOOPER.


CHRISTIAN LILLY.-According to the 'Dict. Nat. Biog.' he was present at the battle of Grau (? Gran) and the sieges of Neuhausel (sic), Caschaw (sic), Polack (?), and Buda in the years 1683 to 1686. I may confidently say that a battle of Grau or Gran at that date is totally unknown to history. A battle was fought in 1683 at Párkány (known by this name), on the other side of the Danube, opposite Gran; and the Castle of Gran was, during the above-mentioned years, taken from and retaken by the Turks after short sieges, but no battle was fought. "Polack" is beyond recognition; it may mean a palánk or stockade in English. The article contains also both the spell

ings "Barbadoes" and "Barbados." Why not date 1714." Can any one tell me if this old welladopt the official spelling of Barbados ?

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house is still standing? My searches for it have only given me the reputation of a lunatic in the C. A. O. neighbourhood.

ARTHUR ONSLOW (1691-1768), SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.-(1.) Where and when September, 1691, was he born? (2.) At what school was he educated? G. F. R. B.

"SPERATE."-In some old account - books of the Mercers' Company certain debts are marked sperate," while others are marked "desperate." They had hope of the one, but not of the "Sperate" does not occur in Wright's 'Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial English.' R. HUDSON.

[It is given in The Century Dictionary' as a word in old law, but without a quotation.]


We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct.

'THE SHEPHERD'S FAREWELL' AND 'THE SHEPHERD'S FESTIVAL.'-Southey, in a letter dated May 27, 1824, speaks of a poem called 6 The Shepherd's Farewell' as

"printed in quarto some five-and-thirty years ago [i. e., about 1789]. Coleridge once had an imperfect copy of it. I forget the author's name; but when I was first in Lisbon I found out that he was a schoolmaster, and that poor Paul Berthon had been one of his pupils."-See 'Southey's Life and Correspondence,' edited by Rev. C. C. Southey, vol. i. p. 106.

Southey cites the poem as the most perfect specimen he ever saw of nonsense verses put forth seriously as poetry. Of this poem I have failed to find any trace; it is neither in the British Museum nor the Bodleian. But I have in my possession a poem, hardly deserving Southey's description, entitled 'The Shepherd's Festival'; it is printed in quarto, and is written to celebrate the recovery of George III., and dedicated to Dr. Willis. There is no date, but the king's first illness came to an end early in 1789, his recovery being announced in February. There is thus what seems a close agree ment in time with the poem mentioned by Southey, and the contents, though scarcely nonsensical, are very turgid and ridiculous.

There are in the piece sixty-one four-line stanzas, the whole occupying twenty-three pages, one being blank. The Shepherd's Festival' is also not noticed in any book of reference so far as I can find, nor is a copy to be seen in the Museum or the Bodleian. Can any one give information about either of these effusions, if, indeed, they be disJ. POWER HICKS.


KILBURN WELLS.-In Walford's 'Old and New London' (pub. cir. 1879), vol. v. p. 245, the author, describing Kilburn Priory and wells, says: "The well is still to be seen adjoining a cottage at a corner of Station [now Belsize] Road......The keystone of the arch over the doorway bears the

SIR TREVOR CORRY.-Can any of your readers give me information regarding this personagedate about the end of the eighteenth century? I should particularly like to ascertain the dates of his birth and death, and what dignity is indicated by his prefix of "Sir." Was he any relative of Trevor Corry, Esq., of Newry, co. Down, who died in 1838 ?


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BRYAN TUNSTALL. Can anybody give me information as to the whereabouts of the will of Bryan Tunstall, of Thurland Castle, Lancashire, who went with the best of them to Flodden, but, alas! came not back? Whitaker quotes the document in his 'Richmondshire,' but, with his usual inaccuracy, omits to give any reference. Chester, Lichfield, York, have, I believe, been drawn blank. FRED. W. JOY, M.A., F.S.A. Bentham Rectory, Lancaster.

DICTIONARY.-Can any of your readers oblige the correct division of compound words, not the me with the title of any dictionary which supplies phonetic, which is given in most dictionaries? English or English-foreign will answer my purpose. E. G. F. Name of publisher will also oblige.

COL. WILLIAM HENRY ADAMS, Professor of Fortification, Royal Military College, 1843-70. Biographical particulars desired of this officer, and information as to his works or lectures on military science. He was son of Capt. William Adams, of the Army, and was born in 1804. He entered Sandhurst as a Gentleman-Cadet, Feb. 9, 1819. Writing to "Ensign Adams, 10th Foot," in 1823, Major-General (Sir ?) George Murray says:here were meritorious and were rewarded accordingly. "Your conduct and your application whilst you were You were particularly noticed by the Board of Com missioners, and H. R.H. the Commander-in-Chief wa pleased to appoint you to a Commission out of your turn

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