« VorigeDoorgaan »
LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1893.
NOTES:-Royal House of Oldenburg, 441-Beaconsfield
Pileser-Witchcraft-Vanishing London, 446-Customs at
Denmark, Russia, Greece, and Oldenburg-of the late royal house of Sweden, and of that of Schleswig-Holstein in both its branches, was Theodoric Fortunatus, Count of Oldenburg, in Germany, who died in 1440. He had three sons, Christian, Gerard, and Maurice. The eldest of these was elected King of Denmark in 1448, the second sucQUERIES:—“ Little Sussex"-Brother of Swift-Pre-Refor-ceeded to Oldenburg, and the youngest became mation Doctrine-"Dumble," 447-John Colebrooke Count of Dalmenburg. Heraldic - Registers of Baptisms-"Molorning"-Kyn- Christian I. (who married the widow of Chrisnersleys-Honest Will Crouch"-"The retired tallow topher III., the former King of Denmark) was succhandler" Cromwell: Smith: Ash, 448-"House"ceeded in 1481 by his son John, the father of Living-room Devizes Wedding Knife". Latin-Ulloa's Life of Charles V." Hoodlumism"-Séjan Christian II., a monster of cruelty, who was -"Looking into the black sand "-Grove House, Fulham dethroned in 1523, and succeeded by his uncle -Episcopal Signatures, 449. Frederick I., brother of King John and proREPLIES:-Mid-day Angelus, 450-Abbey Churches-"En- genitor of the present royal family of Denmark. gendrure," 451 - Gladstone Bibliography-Town-Shakspearian Relics, 452 Viscount Newhaven Chaucer's
"Stilbon"-Blackwater-Erasmus Lloyd-"Curse of Scotland,” 453—' Euphues'-Z. Cozens-Funeral by WomenKennedy Baronetcy, 454-Stoat-Heraldry-Accurate Language-Burial by Torchlight-Octagonal Fonts, 455Tyndale's New Testament-Royal Veto, 456-"Crow" and "Rook"-Wroth Money-"Like a bolt from the blue," 457-Standish-Arabella Fermor "Curation". Enfield and Edmonton, 458.
NOTES ON BOOKS:-Lang's Scott's 'Ivanhoe'-Aitken's Burns's Poems-Dowie's Women Adventurers-Holder's Louis Agassiz.'
Notices to Correspondents.
THE ROYAL HOUSE OF OLDENBURG. But few persons are aware that _Her Majesty's two elder daughters-in-law, H.R.H. the Princess of Wales and H. R. and I.H. the Duchess of Edinburgh are members by birth of the same royal house, viz., that of Oldenburg; yet such is the case. The present King of Denmark, father of the Princess of Wales, descends in an unbroken male line from Frederick I. of Oldenburg, King of Denmark, who died in 1533, and the late Emperor Alexander II., father of the Duchess of Edinburgh, did the same. The beir-general and representative in the female line of King Frederick is the present Landgrave of Hesse, whose younger brother has lately married Her Majesty's granddaughter, the Princess Margaret of Prussia, but the heir male of that monarch and the present head of the house of Oldenburg-of which the reigning families in Denmark, Greece, and Russia are junior branches -is the Duke (Ernest Gonther) of SchleswigHolstein Sonderburg Augustenburg, brother of the German Empress and grand-nephew of Her Majesty Queen Victoria; the three junior branches of the family being represented by the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein Sonderburg Glücks- | burg, the Czar, and the Grand Duke of Oldenburg respectively.
The founder of the present reigning houses of
King Frederick I. died April 3, 1533. He was succeeded by his eldest son Christian III., who died Jan. 1, 1558/9, leaving, by Dorothy his wife, three sons, viz., (1) Frederick, his successor; (2) Magnus, King of Lapland, who died s. p. March 18, 1583; and (3) John, Duke of Holstein.
From King Frederick II. (who died April 4, 1588) the crown of Denmark passed in regular succession from father to son, until the death of King Frederick VI., Dec. 3, 1839.
By his wife Princess Mary of Hesse Cassel (granddaughter of Mary, fourth daughter of King George II. of England), King Frederick-who himself was a nephew of our King George III.had two sons who died in infancy, and six daughters, two only of whom survived him. His heir-male was his cousin Christian (who for a few months, in 1814, had reigned as King of Norway), who succeeded him as Christian VIII. This monarch, dying Jan. 20, 1848, was succeeded by his only surviving son, King Frederick VII., who died Nov. 15, 1863, and with him expired the issue male of King Frederick II.
John, Duke of Holstein, the third and youngest son of Christian III., had, by his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Ernest, Duke of Brunswick, eight sons. The two elder of these, Christian and Ernest, died s.p. The third, Alexander (who was born in 1573, and died March 13, 1627), married Dorothy, daughter of John Gonther, Count of Schwarzburg, by whom he also had eight sons, viz., (1) John Christian, (2) Alexander Henry, (3) Ernest Gonther, (4) Augustus Philip, (5) Philip Louis, (6) George Frederick, (7) Adolf, and (8) William Anthony.
The eldest of these, John Christian, died June 30, 1653, leaving an only son, Christian Adolf, whose male issue became extinct in 1709. Alexander Henry, the second son of Alexander, died in 1667, leaving three sons, none of whom had issue, and the last of whom died in 1727.
The third son of Alexander, Ernest Gonther, died Jan. 18, 1689. He married his cousin-german, Augusta, daughter of Philip, Duke of Hol
stein Glücksberg, and by her had four sons, the two elder of whom died without issue. The third Son, Ernest Augustus, became Duke of SchleswigHolstein Sonderburg Augustenberg and representative in the male line of his great-grandfather John, Duke of Holstein, in 1727. He also died s.p. March 11, 1731, and was succeeded by his nephew Christian Augustus, only son of Prince Frederick William, the fourth and youngest son of Ernest Gonther aforesaid.
From Duke Christian Augustus (who died Jan. 20, 1754) the succession passed from father to son, the eldest son always succeeding, until Duke Christian, who succeeded his father Duke Frederick, Jan. 14, 1814. This prince married Louisa, daughter of the Count of Danneskiold Samsoe, and died March 11, 1869, having had seven children, three sons and four daughters, viz., (1) Alexander, who died an infant in 1823; (2) Frederick; (3) Christian, who married July 5, 1866, H.R.H. Princess Helena of Great Britain and Ireland, and is the popular Prince Christian, of Windsor Park. The eldest daughter, Princess Louisa Augusta, died unmarried in 1872. The second, Princess Amelia (born Jan. 15, 1826), is living unmarried. The third, Princess Wilhelmina, died an infant in 1829; and the fourth and youngest, Princess Henrietta (born Aug. 2, 1833), is married to Prof. Von Esmarch, the eminent physician who resides at Kiel.
The only other descendants in the male line of Ernest Gonther (third son of Duke Alexander aforesaid), besides Duke Christian (who died in 1869) and his children, were his nephew Frederick, Count de Noer, and his cousin Prince Waldemar, both descended from Duke Christian Augustus (who died in 1754). The former died in 1881, leaving two daughters only by a morganatic marriage contracted with the daughter of a wealthy merchant, and the latter, who was a general in the Prussian army, died Jan. 20, 1871, unmarried.
William, Duke of Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg, the sole heir of Augustus Philip (the next brother of Ernest Gonther) in the male line, died Feb. 17, 1831, leaving seven sons, by his wife the Princess Louise of Hesse Cassel (sister of Mary, Queen of Denmark, and granddaughter of Princess Mary of England aforesaid), viz., (1) Charles, born Sept. 30, 1813, succeeded his father as duke, he died s.p. Oct. 24, 1878, having married the Princess Wilhelmina of Denmark, youngest daughter of King Frederick VI., who survived him until May 30, 1891; (2) Frederick, born Oct. 23, 1814, succeeded his brother as duke. He died Nov. 27, 1885, leaving by his Duchess Adelaide, second daughter of George, Prince of Schaumbourg Lippe, two sons and three daughters, viz., (1) Frederick Ferdinand, born Oct. 12, 1855, succeeded his father as duke; he married (as above) the Princess Caroline Matilda, second daughter of the late Duke Frederick of Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg, and sister of the GerUpon the death of King Frederick VII., in 1863, man Empress, by whom he has a son and heir, Duke Christian of Schleswig Holstein had become Frederick, born August 23, 1891, and four the undoubted head of the royal house, as heir male daughters; (2) Prince Albert, born March 15, of that monarch, but having fatally embroiled him- 1863, a captain in the Prussian army; (1) Princess self in the revolutionary action of the duchies in Augustina, born Feb. 27, 1844, married in 1884 1849, his claims and those of his children were to Prince William of Hesse Philippsthal Barchpassed over in favour of the younger branch of the feld, who died Jan. 17, 1890; (2) Princess Louise, family, descended from Augustus Philip, fourth born Jan. 6, 1858, married in 1891 to the reignson of Duke Alexander of Holstein and next ing Prince of Waldeck Pyrmont; (3) Princess brother of Ernest Gonther (who died in 1689) Marie, born August 31, 1859. aforesaid.
The second but eldest surviving son, Frederick, succeeded his father in 1869 as duke.
Duke Frederick died Jan. 14, 1880, leaving by his wife, the Princess Adelaide of Hohenlohe Langenburg, a niece of the Queen of England, one son, Duke Ernest Gonther (born August 11, 1863), who is now the head of the royal house of Oldenburg.
The duke has four sisters, viz., (1) Princess Augusta Victoria, born Oct. 22, 1858, married Feb. 27, 1881, to William II., King of Prussia and German Emperor; (2) Princess Caroline Matilda, born Jan. 25, 1860, married March 19, 1885, to Frederick Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg; (3) Princess Louisa Sophia, born April 8, 1866, married June 24, 1889, to Prince Leopold of Prussia (only brother of H.R.H. the Duchess of Connaught); and (4) Princess Feodore, born July 3, 1874.
Duke Frederick Ferdinand is the head of the second or Glücksburg line of the house of Oldenburg, and is the heir male of Augustus Philip, fourth son of Duke Alexander of Holstein aforesaid.
The third son of the late Duke William, Prince William, was born April 10, 1816. He is a general in both the Austrian and Danish armies, and lives unmarried at Copenhagen.
Prince Christian, the fourth son of Duke William, was born April 8, 1818. He ascended the throne of Denmark as Christian IX. on the death of King Frederick VII., Nov. 15, 1863, and is the father of Princess Alexandra, born Dec. 1, 1844, who married March 10, 1863, H.R. H. the Prince of Wales, K.G.
The fifth and sixth sons of Duke William, Princes Julius and John, born respectively Oct. 14,
1824, and Dec. 5, 1825, are both general officers in the Danish army and are both living s.p. The former is a widower and the latter unmarried. The seventh and youngest son, Prince Nicholas, was born Dec. 22, 1828, and died unmarried August 18, 1849.
The fourth of these brothers, His Majesty the King of Denmark (who married in 1842 his cousin the Princess Louise of Hesse Cassel, who was niece of King Christian VIII.) has had three sons and three daughters, viz., (1) Frederick, Crown Prince, who married in 1869 the only daughter of the late King of Sweden and Norway, and has eight children, four sons and four daughters; (2) Prince William, who became King of the Hellenes Oct. 31, 1863, by the title of King George I.; (3) Prince Waldemar, who married in 1885 the eldest daughter of the Duc de Chartres, and has three sons; (1) Alexandra, Princess of Wales; (2) Dagmar (Maria Feoderovna), Empress of Russia; and (3) Thyra, Duchess of Cumberland.
Having thus given all the living descendants in the male line of Augustus Philip, fourth son of Duke Alexander (who died in 1627), we come to the fifth son of that prince, viz., Philip Louis, who died March 10, 1689, leaving three sons. The eldest of these only had issue, and his only son died s.p.m. in 1744. George Frederick, the sixth son of Duke Alexander, died s.p. in 1676, and his two younger sons, Adolf and William Anthony, both died infants in 1616.
H. Murray LANE, Chester Herald. (To be continued.)
CONTRIBUTIONS TO A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF BENJAMIN DISRAELI, EARL OF BEACONSFIELD. (Continued from p. 403.)
The works showing the exact date of publication
Isaac Disraeli. A new edition, edited by his son, the Right Hon. B. Disraeli, Chancellor of Her Majesty's Exchequer. London: Routledge, Warnes, and Routledge, Farringdon Street......1859.-8vo. pp. xvi, 462. B.M. '2308 a. 5.
The additional notes are marked "Ed." See 1881.
The calamities and quarrels of authors......By Isaac Disraeli. A new edition, edited by his son, the Right Hon. B. Disraeli, Chancellor of Her Majesty's Exchequer. London: Routledge, Warnes, and Routledge, Farringdon Street......1859. [The Author reserves the right of Translation.]—8vo. pp. viii, 552. B. M. 2308 a. 5.
The additional notes are marked "Ed." See 1881.
Amenities of literature......By Isaac Disraeli. A New Edition, edited by his son, the Right Hon. B. Disraeli, Chancellor of Her Majesty's Exchequer. In two volumes. ...... London: Routledge, Warnes, and Routledge, Farringdon Street......1859.-8vo. B.M. 2308 a. 5.
The new notes are marked "Ed."; there are also Vol. i. has pp. viii, 368; vol. ii., pp. iv, 396. additions within brackets made to other notes. See 1881.
Public expenditure. A speech delivered in the House of Commons on Mr. Stansfeld's motion, June 3, 1862. By the Right Hon. B. Disraeli. London: Robert Hardwicke, 192, Piccadilly. 1862.-8vo. pp. 23. B. M. 8138 cc. Speech delivered by the Right Hon. B. Disraeli, M.P. At a Public Meeting in aid of the Oxford Diocesan Society for The Augmentation of Small Benefices, held at High Wycombe, on Thursday, October 30, 1862. Published by permission. London: Rivingtons, Waterloo Place. 1862. Price Threepence, or 2s. 6d. per dozen.-12mo. pp. 24. B.M. 4108 aa. 7.
Mr. Gladstone's finance, from his accession to office in 1853 to his Budget of 1862, reviewed by the Right Hon. B. Disraeli. London: Saunders, Otley, and Co., 66, Brook Street, Hanover Square. 1862.-8vo. pp. iv, 5-41. B.M. 8227 d. 15.
Ερριετη υπο Δ'Ισραελη. Μετάφρασις ἐκ τοῦ Γαλλικού υπο *** « Τὸ μὲν απείρατον γενέσθαι
are placed in this list before those bearing the τὴν ἀρχὴν ἔρωτος, εὔδαιμον· τὸ δὲ ἁλόντα
Parliamentary Reform. Speech of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Delivered in the House of Commons Feb. 28, 1859, on introducing a Bill to amend the representation of the people in Parliament. London: Routledge, Warnes, & Routledge, Farringdon Street; New York: 56. Walker Street.-8vo. pp. 64. B.M. 8138 a.
Sybil. Par B. Disraeli. Roman anglais traduit avec l'autorisation de l'auteur sous la direction de P. Lorain. Publication de Ch. Lahure et Cie., Imprimeurs à Paris. Paris Librairie de L. Hachette et Cie., Rue PierreSarrazin, No. 14. 1859.-12mo. pp. vi, 422. B.M. 12602 f. 9.
πρὸς τὸ σῶφρον τὸ βούλημα περιποιῆσαι σοφώτατον.” (Ηλιοδ. Αιθιοπ. Σελ. 153.) Eν Κωνσταντινουπολει τυποις Ε. Ι. Λαζαρίδου. 1862. 8vo. pp. ii, 3-252. B.M. 12620 ee. 27.
A translation of Henrietta Temple.' See 1837. Schriften herausgegeben vom Institute zur Förderung der israelitischen Literatur unter der Leitung von Dr. Ludwig Philippson in Magdeburg, Dr. A. M. Goldschmidt in Leipzig, Dr. L. Herzfeld in Braunschweig. Siebentes Jahr: 1861-1862. D'Israeli, David Alroy. Leipzig, Oskar Leiner. 1862. [Series title-page.] David Alroy. Frei nach dem Englischen von D'Israeli. Leipzig, Oskar Leiner. 1862. [Special title-page.]-8vo. pp. iv, 308. B.M. Ac. 8956.
Church policy: a speech delivered by the Right Hon. B. Disraeli, M.P. At a Meeting of the Oxford Diocesan Society for the Augmentation of Small Livings, in the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, Nov. 25, 1864. The Lord Bishop of Oxford in the chair. (Published at the request of the diocesan societies.) London, Rivingtons,
Waterloo Place; High Street, Oxford. Trinity Street,
This reprint of the edition of 1834 is dedicated to Lord Stanley (the recently deceased Earl of Derby). The "Preface to the Original Edition" occupies pp. vii-x, but the foot-note quoted under 1834 is not reprinted.
1865. "Church and Queen." Five speeches delivered by the Rt. Hon. B. Disraeli, M.P. 1860-1864. Edited, with a Preface, by a member of the University of Oxford. London: G. J. Palmer, 32, Little Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields. Hamilton, Adams & Co., 33, Paternoster Row. 1865.-12mo. pp. xvi, 79. B.M. 4108 aa. 88 (5).
The subjects of the speeches are Church rates, the present position of the Church, the future position of the Church, the Act of Uniformity, and Church policy.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer in Scotland, being two speeches delivered by him in the city of Edinburgh on 29th and 30th October, 1867. Published by authority. William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh and London. MDCCCLXVII.-8vo. pp. iv, 44. B.M. 8138 bb.
Parliamentary reform. A series of speeches on that subject delivered in the House of Commons by the Right Hon. B. Disraeli (1848-1866). Reprinted (by permission) from Hansard's Debates. Edited by Montagu Corry, B.A., of Lincoln's Inn, barrister-at-law. London: Long mans, Green, and Co. 1867.-Svo. pp. xii, 479. B. M.
Speeches on the Conservative policy of the last thirty years, by the Rt. Hon. B. Disraeli, M.P., late First Minister of the Crown. Edited, with an introduction, by John F. Bulley, London: John Camden Hotten, 74 & 75, Piccadilly. [All rights reserved.]-1870. 8vo. pp. xii, 17-356. B.M. 8138 a.
The pagination of the editorial matter is confused. The Introduction begins on p. iii, but its second page is numbered viii; an Advertisement to the Reader is p. x; the Contents follow on the next two pages, though the second page bears the folio xvi. To add to the confusion, the Contents state that the Introduction is p. 9, and the Advertisement to the Reader p. 16. P. 17 of the book begins with Disraeli's maiden speech in Parliament, Dec. 7, 1837. The address at the Manchester Athenæum on Oct. 3, 1844, is given on pp. 305-20. See 1852 and 1882.
Honorable B. Disraeli. Collected edition of the novels and tales by the Right edition. London: Longmans, Green, and Co......[Volume [General title-page.]......New title-page.]-10 vols. 8vo. B.M. 12603 dad.
This is called by Messrs. Longman the "Cabinet 1870; the remainder 1871. Edition." The first two volumes bear the date Vol. i., pp. XX,
485, and portrait, contains Lothair'; vol. ii., pp. x, 477, Coningsby'; vol. iii., pp. viii, 489, 'Sybil'; vol. iv., pp. iv, 487, 'Tancred'; vol. v., pp. viii, 482, Venetia'; vol. vi., pp. viii, 464, Henrietta Temple'; vol. vii., pp. viii, 461, 'Contarini Fleming' and 'The Rise of Iskander'; vol. viii., pp. viii, 463, Alroy,'' Ixion in Heaven," The Infernal Marriage,' and Popanilla'; vol. ix.,. pp. vi, 451, 'The Young Duke' and 'Count Alarcos'; vol. x., pp. vi, 487, Vivian Grey.'
Vols. iii.-x. of the collected edition of the novels bear 1871 on their title-pages. See 1870.
[Publications of the National Union. No. XIV.] By authority. Speech of the Right Hon. B. Disraeli, M.P.,
at the Free Trade Hall, Manchester, April 3, 1872. Published by W. Tweedie, 337, Strand, for the National Union of Conservative and Constitutional Associations, 53, Parliament Street, Westminster. Printed by the Central Press Company (Limited), 112, Strand. Price Threepence.-8vo. pp. 27. B.M. 8138 aaa.
For an American edition see 1884.
[Publications of the National Union. No. XVI.] By authority. Speech of the Right Hon. B. Disraeli, M.P., at the banquet of the National Union of Conservative and Constitutional Associations. At the Crystal Palace, on Monday, June 24, 1872. Published for the Council by R. J. Mitchell and Sons, 52, Parliament Street, Westminster, London, S.W. Price Twopence.-8vo. pp. 11. B.M. 8138 aaa.
Lord George Bentinck: a political biography. By the Right Honorable B. Disraeli. He left us the legacy of heroes; the memory of his great name and the inspiration of his great example." Eighth edition, revised. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. 1872.-8vo. pp. xiv, 422. B.M. 2406 a.
The "Preface to this Eighth Edition," occupying pp. vii-ix, is signed "D." See 1852.
Benjamin Disraeli. Lothair, roman anglais. Traduit avec l'autorisation de l'auteur par Charles BernardDerosne...... Paris: Librairie Hachette et Cie., Boulevard Saint-Germain, 79. 1872.-8vo. B.M. 12603 f. 11.
Vol. i., pp. viii, 290; vol. ii., pp. iv, 245. The translation is dedicated to General Ferri Pisani. See 1870.
Mr. Osborne Morgan's Burials Bill. Speech of the Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, M.P., in the House of Commons, March 26, 1873, on moving the rejection of the Bill on its second reading. London: printed for the Church Defence Institution, 25, Parliament Street. 1873.-8vo. pp. 16. B.M. 3939 c. 1 (7).
Inaugural address delivered to the University of Glasgow, November 19, 1873, by the Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, M.P., Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow. London: Longmans, Green, and Co.-8vo. pp. iv, 5-21. B.M. 8365 bbb. 44 (5).
Inaugural address delivered to the University of Glasgow, November 19, 1873, by the Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, M.P., Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow. Second edition, including the occasional speeches at Glasgow. Authorised edition, corrected by the author. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. 1873.-8vo. pp. iv, 69. B.M. 8364 de. 17.
ARIOSTO AND THE BRITISH NOBILITY.-Ariosto, in the tenth canto of the 'Orlando Furioso,' in his description of the British troops who were assembled near London to go to assist Charlemagne against the Moors, gives a long list of the English, Scottish, and Irish nobles, with their banners and heraldic bearings. My knowledge of the subject is not sufficient to enable me to judge if the poet's heraldry is correct; but according to a note in the little Paris edition, 8 vols., 1818, it seems to be so. What I am unable to understand is how or where Ariosto obtained the knowledge of dear old England's towns and counties which he shows in these stanzas and elsewhere. Ariosto died in 1533. Few Italians, I and, although the English even then, perhaps, imagine, had visited England before that time; travelled more than the Italians and the French, it was, I fancy, rather later than the reign of Henry VIII. that it was considered the proper thing for those who could afford it to "swim in a gondola." (Here I write under correction.) Ariosto mentions twenty-seven English, ten Scottish, and two Irish nobles; and it is impossible to convey to any one who has not seen the passage an idea of the bizarre look which the familiar home-names wear in their Italian dress. they are "growed out of all knowledge." I have made out about half of them. Some are obvious, and a few others have unfolded themselves after a little puzzling over them. The following, however, are beyond me, and I should be glad if some of your readers who are Italian scholars would kindly assist me. With one or two exceptions, they are all dukes, or counts, or marquises; I need, therefore, give only the names of the counties, &c., from which they take their titles.
Like Ham Peggotty,
Varvecia (Warwick ?), Cancia (Kent ?), Esenia, Marchia, Ritmonda (Richmond?), Antona (Hants?), Vigorina (Worcester ?), Erbia, Osonia, il ricco prelato di Battonia" (the bishop of Bath?), Burgenio, Croisberia, Roscia, Duke of, the King of Scotland's son (Rothsay? see 'The Fair Maid of Perth'), Ottonlei, Alcabrun,—
Che non è duca, conte, nè marchese. Trasfordia, Forbesse (a place-name apparently), Ma primo nel salvatico paese (i. e., Scotland), Childera (Kildare ?).