Emotions and the Body
Oxford University Press, 15 jan. 2016 - 304 pagina's
The face has long been considered the gateway to understanding human emotion and cognition. Body language is an equally powerful means of communication, however. Although faces and bodies can express themselves in many similar ways, examining their differences may be the best way to learn how bodies communicate. Exploring the body's role in perceiving and expressing emotion has opened broad new avenues for research in cognitive neuroscience. Emotions and the Body discusses the neural basis and temporal processing signatures of emotional body language by drawing on state-of-the-art research in the neuropsychology of emotional face and body disorders. Beatrice de Gelder explores a range of fascinating questions such as: How do facial and bodily expressions interact? What role does emotional body language play in social interaction? If body language is perceived even with limited attention and reduced visual awareness, as studies with patients have shown, then what is the nature of emotional experience, and how is awareness affected? Are some cultures less expressive in their body language? And are there notable gender and cultural differences in emotional body language, as is the case for facial expressions? Research on emotional body language shows that emotions are tools for adaptive action, and that they allow us to predict interactions with real, imagined, and virtual others. These data prompt de Gelder to consider virtual bodies as well as physical ones, including avatars and robots. The wide-ranging implications of her study will appeal especially to scholars and students of cognitive neuroscience, but also to those working in such related fields as information and communication technology, computer science, animation, and robotics.
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1 Why Bodies?
2 Face Perception and Its Context
3 Measuring EmotionsMeasuring the Impossible?
†Understanding Intentions and Feeling Emotions
5 The Functional Brain Basis of Bodily Expressions
6 Conscious and unconscious Emotion Traffic
7 The Time Course of Emotional Body Perception
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
action affective neuroscience AMG activation amygdala angry aspects attention autism automatic avatar awareness basic emotions behavior biological blindsight bodily expressions body language body perception brain activation brain areas Brain Research chapter cognitive component consciousness context cortex cortical cultural discussed dynamic emotion perception emotional body emotional expressions emotional faces emotional stimuli empathy evidence example expres expressions of emotion face perception face processing faces and bodies facial expressions fearful faces fMRI fMRI study functional functional MRI fusiform gyrus Gelder GrŤzes gyrus happy human images influence investigated issue Journal mirror neurons module monkey motor movement neural basis Neuroimage nonconscious perception notion observed one’s participants pathway patients perceived perception of emotions premotor cortex prosopagnosia Psychology representation responses robots role scene Sciences showed signals sions social interaction specific stimuli superior colliculus Tamietto task temporal theory tion triggered uncanny valley understanding virtual visual whole-body expressions