A New Language for Psychoanalysis

Voorkant
Yale University Press, 1976 - 394 pagina's

In this provocative and brilliant book, Roy Schafer offers a radical reconceptualization of Freudian metapsychology. When Freud wrote about his discoveries of the unconscious and the nature of psychic processes, he used the language of the prevailing scientific theories of his time--energy, force, and mechanism. In contrast, Schafer sees psychoanalysis as an interpretive discipline, a human science that requires a language of its own, unencumbered by the old natural science concepts.

Schafer proposes a new language for psychoanalysis, freed from the ambiguities and biases of mechanistic theory. His formulation is based on the notion of action, were "action" is understood to mean the widest variety of human behavior: perceiving, organizing, fantasying, wishing, and doing--consciously and unconsciously.

In presenting his action language, Schafer first explains how it relates to metapsychology and the psychoanalytic vision of reality. He presents a philosophically oriented model of the person as agent, one who does things for reasons and creates his or her own experiences and activities. These formulations are applied to traditional topics in psychoanalysis: action, internalization, self and identity, motivation and the explanation of behavior, and the idea of resistance in analysis. In a final section, concerned with emotions, the author furnishes clear and logical ways of understanding speaking about love, hate, fear passivity, and other basic emotional experiences.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

Metapsychology and Action Language
3
The Preparatory Studies
19
An Overview of Heinz I lartmanns Contributions
57
The Mover of the Mental Apparatus
102
i The Essays on Action Language
123
Process or Fantasy?
155
Concepts of Self and Identity in Relation
179
The Explanation of Actions 194
194
The Problem of the Emotions
267
Reworking the Language of Emotion
294
Emotion Undergone or Emotion Enacted?
330
Hi The Native Tongue of Psychoanalysis 3fil
361
References
377
Copyright

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