Total value

polis with an element indispensable to health, com- adjudicated. It is, therefore, believed that the pri-
fort and security, exceeding in volume the supply of vilege of habeas corpus, and the right of trial by ju-
the city of London, and fully anticipates the wants ry, as yet remain unimpaired in this state; and we
of the vast population which must eventually be con- are not obliged to retrace what is justly regarded as
centrated in our commercial capital. The cost of an important advance towards that complete politi-
the work exceeds twelve millions of dollars, and I cal and legal equality, which, being comformable to
deem it a subject of just pride, that the credit of a divine laws and essential to the best interests of man-
mere municipality has proved adequate to an enter-kind, will ultimately constitute the perfection of our
prise which in any other age could have been at- republican institutions.
Rhode Island has been made a theatre of resist-
tempted only by the strong arm of an imperial or de-
spotic government. The structures, not less endur-ance to public authority, growing out of unwise de-
ing than useful, will remain a perpetual monument, lays in establishing equality of suffrage. A person
not only of the forecast and public spirit of the mu- assuming the character of chief magistrate of that
nicipal council, but also of the advanced state of state, transmitted to me a resolution passed by as-
science in our country.
semblages which claimed to be a legislature, an-
The remainder of the journals of the revolutiona-nouncing to the executive and legislative authorities
ry legislature and convention, containing the corres- of this state the organization of a new government
pondence of those bodies with congress, with other in that commonwealth, under the constitution ap-
states, with citizens in arms and in the public coun- proved by a portion of the people in an election held
cils, and with friends of liberty in America and Eu- and conducted without previous legislative authority.
rope, has been printed and will vindicate the memo- Almost simultaneously, the governor, in conformity
ries of our ancestors from contemporaneous suspi- with constitutional laws of the United States, gave
cions of disloyalty to their country, and enhance our me notice that the individual who had thus assumed
already high veneration by making us more fully ac- executive functions had taken refuge in the city of
quainted with their trials and virtues.
New York, and required me to arrest him as a fugi-
Aided by the liberal interposition of the president|tive, charged with the crime of treason, committed
of the United States and the efficient assistance of in an attempt to subvert the government of Rhode
the American ministers in London and Paris, our Island by military force. I complied with the re-
agent has obtained access to the public archives in quirement, by issuing process; but the offender was
those capitals; and the documents which he is tran- not found within our jurisdiction. I also adopted
scribing, together with those he has procured in proper measures to prevent the arms and military
Holland, will furnish complete transatlantic annals of stores in our arsenal near the sea-board, from being
the colony of New York from its foundation until its used in the attempt to desolate with civil war the
independence. We were before indebted to the go-bosom of a sister state.
vernment of Great Britain for very munificent con-
tributions to our library. I ask your permission to
mark our appreciation of the high national courtesies
we have received from European states, by transinit-
ting to them copies of the forthcoming reports on the
natural history of our commonwealth.

The people of Rhode Island nobly sustained their government, without the aid they had a right to expect from the federal executive; and measures have since been adopted by their legislature, designed to allay the public discontent and satisfy just claims for an enlargement of suffrage.


I tender you congratulations on the general valence of health and the abundant harvests of the


I have great pleasure in informing you that the The long delayed negotiations between the United publication of those reports is in such rapid progress States and Great Britain are supposed to be on the that portions will be submitted at the present ses- eve of completion by a treaty in which our northern sion. A suit of the specimens which have been col- boundary will be readjusted, so as to secure to this lected has been partially arranged in the Geological state an accession of territory on the shore of Lake museum, and the seven other collections intended for Champlain important to its defence against future the seminaries of learning will soon be ready for aggression, and controversies which have endangered pre-ed, originated in a merely economical desire to ex-settled on principles consistent with the national their destination. The enterprize thus consummat- the peace of the two nations, will be permanently plore our mountains in search of coal. All that has been gained in that view, is a certain knowledge that I have forborne to demand fugitives from justice this important mineral does not exist within our bor- who have fled to the British provinces, and also to ders, and that its ample supply can only be introdu- surrender criminals from those provinces who have by improving and extending the channels of our taken refuge in this state, from the time when the trade with other communities. But the absence of supreme court of the United States virtually decided coal is bountifully compensated by saline springs, that the powers necessary for those purposes were and rich accumulations of lime, gypsum, marble and exclusively national, and therefore belonged to the hydraulic cement in the Silurian formations; by marl federal government. The governor general of Briand peat in the quaternary regions; by plumbago; tish North America, however, surrendered fugitives and also by deposits of iron, lead, zinc and copper in upon my informal request, until instructions, very the granite districts, in the vicinity of almost inex- recently received from the royal government, have haustible forests, furnishing the fuel indispensable obliged him to discontinue such courtesies. The for the reduction of these minerals. Our lyceums, evils resulting from the facility with which offenders moreover, will be enriched with specimens of all the against the laws of either country may secure impuanimals and plants, and every soil, rock, mineral and nity for their crimes, are so great, that I have thought fossil as yet discovered within our territory. The proper to invoke the constitutional interposition of field within which medicinal science, agricultural the general government, in the hope that the subject chemistry, mineralogy and economical geology have might find a place among the matters in negotiation hitherto pursued their beneficent investigations, is between the two nations. I have also considered it due to the cause of huthus broadly enlarged; and such are the regularity of our rock strata and their exposure, and such the va- manity, to address the chief magistrate of the union riety and perfection of organic remains, that the in behalf of unfortunate citizens of this state suffersurvey, although its results are as yet but partiallying the penalties of exile and imprisonment in an An agent has been appointed to explore the mine-disclosed, is regarded in the European schools as af- island of the Pacific ocean, for political offences comral districts and inquire into the expediency of sub-fording a contribution of great value to the cause of mitted under the influence of natural but misguided stituting labor in mines for the present mode of em- cation of facts and important guidance in reading the ces on our border. science, with data for a more philosophical classifi- sympathies for the inhabitants of the British provinploying convicts. unerring and imperishable records in which nature A recent election in the city of New York was at has written her own annals on the globe we inhabit. tended by a turbulent outbreak, in which officers enI call your attention to some cases in which the gaged in canvassing votes were compelled to leave law of Virginia, retaliating on peaceful citizens of the ballot boxes, and the outrage was followed by an New York, injuries supposed to have been commitattack upon a Christian church and the dwelling of ted by her executive and legislative authorities, has its ministers. The interruption of the canvass re- been put in operation. Although our commerce is sulted in a suspension of the functions of the com- not greatly embarrassed by these unfraternal proceedmon council during nearly two months. The princi-ings, yet unoffending citizens ought not in such cases ple of universal suffrage was nevertheless vindicated to be left to incur inconvenience, or suffer loss. I by the tranquility with which the people awaited and therefore renew my request for authority to instruct obeyed decisions on the questions in issue by the ju- them to test the validity of the law of Virginia in the legal tribunals.


Immigration was, during the last year, checked by alarms of war, but an increased tide is now setting into the country. Our thoroughfares are enlivened with families; and even small communities from the British Islands and continental Europe, with their property, their teachers, and their pastors, are seeking homes among us, and a participation in our social and political enjoyments. Viewing this as an important and rapidly increasing element of national strength and greatness, and regarding all prejudices against any portion of the common family of mankind on account of the accidents of birth, laws, landicial tribunals. Iguage or religion, as unwise and deeply injurious, I A spacious aqueduct has been constructed, by The terms in which the supreme court of the U. renew my recommendation heretofore made for rewhich the Croton river, having been raised to the States assigned reasons for their judgment, in a re-moving the disabilities by which resident aliens are height of one hundred and sixty-six feet above tide, cent case between Maryland and Pennsylvania, embarrassed in acquiring, holding and transmitting is diverted from its natural channel in Westchester would invalidate every state law concerning fugitives real estate. county, conveyed nearly forty miles over formidable from justice, which should fail to facilitate the capinequalities of surface, and across the Harlem river, ture, even without legal process, of persons claimed and discharged into capacious reservoirs, from which as slaves, whether they had ever been subjected to the waters are dispensed throughout the city of New servitude or not; but the authority of the decision York. This new and successful achievement in the cannot be extended to cases presenting facts matemarch of internal improvement, provides the metro-rially varying from those which marked the case thus

I regret to inform you that the tolls received on all the canals during the present political year, compared with the amount collected during a similar portion of the last year, exhibit a diminution of one hundred and seventy-seven thousand six hundred and ninety-seven dollars; that the amount of duties re

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ceived from auction sales is less by seven thousand | 1841: our school and literature funds have been dou- | itself and debts for the payment of which funds had one hundred and forty-one dollars, than the sum re-bled, the remote districts of the state have become been invested and set apart, were added to the agceived during the corresponding portion of the pre- the homes of an intelligent and industrious popula- gregate of debts for which no provision had been ceding year; and the revenue from duties on the tion; four flourishing cities and upwards of an hun- made; the conditional guaranty of the credit of the manufacture of salt, exhibits a similar diminution of dred incorporated villages have been called into ex- New York and Erie rail road company was converted eight thousand eight hundred and ninety-three dol- istence; our commercial emporium has trebled in po- into a fixed debt, by withholding the aid necessary to lars. The aggregate decrease of the revenues from pulation and added one hundred and seventy millions complete their road and render it productive; and these several sources thus far, is one hundred and to its wealth; the revenues, commerce and physical other similar guaranties in regard to which there had ninety-three thousand seven hundred and thirty-one strength of the whole cominonwealth have been aug- been no default, nor indications of default, by the prindollars. The dimunition in the canal revenues has mented in almost an equal proportion; and the states cipals first liable, were made to swell the aggregate been mainly experienced in the tolls on merchandise are bound together with bands stronger than those of indebtedness with which it was represented that the passing from tide water into the interior. It is pro- merely political compact, and the danger of dismem- treasury was oppressed. bable, however, that the descending business in berment is happily averted. Of the system, which transporting to market the large agricultural surplus, though yet incomplete, has produced these wonderfurnished by the abundant harvests, will go far to ful results, New York was the projector; and she wards supplying the deficiency. may point to it as a column, designated and shaped by herself, to strengthen and perpetuate the national | structure.

The principle that our improvements were to be made exclusively on the credit of their revenues, and without burthening the people, was abandoned by levying the tax exceeding six hundred thousand dollars, bearing alike on the districts the least, as well as those the most benefitted by the construction of the works. Nor has the expectation of restoring the stocks of the state to their former high valuation been adequately realized, and certainly not to any extent commensurate with the sacrifices which have been made. The fiscal officers of the state are not now able to negotiate loans even at seven per cent., except occasionally for small amounts. Under these circumstances the inquiry arises whether the policy thus attempted ought to be continued. An imperative sense of duty compels me again to declare my conviction that it is radically wrong, and that erroneous views have been taken of the causes of our embarrassments.

An agent was appointed to receive the portion of the proceeds of the sales of the public lands, which, by a law of congress, was payable to the state on the first of July last, and proceeded to Washington for that purpose, but was informed at the treasury that the apportionment had not been completed, and the money has not yet been received. The real importance of this revenue is not at all affected by the amount which it yields at this time, since the national domain remains undiminished except by sales.Whether the stream of revenue be temporarily obstructed, as at present, or flow onward with a strong and increasing current, as at more prosperous periods, its ultimate benefits must be substantially the

I submit a communication from the superintendent, showing that the manufacture of salt, seriously embarrassed by the present ruinous revenue system But this high career of prosperous and well directof the United States, co-operating with the commer-ed enterprise has been brought to a sudden and hucial pressure, must probably be altogether relin- miliating close. For the first time in the quarter of quished before the expiration of the year, and, Fnot a century which has elapsed since the ground was only invoke your direct action, but solicit your influ- broken for the Erie canal, a governor of the state of ence with congress to avert a disaster which would New York, in meeting the legislature, finds himself increase the embarrassments of the treasury and be unable to announce the continued progress of imdeeply injurious to a large and important portion of provement. The officers charged with the care of the community. Our salines have hitherto constitu- the publie works, have arrested all proceedings in ted an essential element of our fiscal strength, and the enlargement of the Erie canal and the construchave always been regarded as among the most valuation of the auxiliary works. The New York and ble and permanent possessions of the state. The Erie rail road, with the exception of forty-six miles possible sacrifice, therefore, by the general govern- from the castern termination, lies in unfinished fragment of so important an interest can not but excitements thoughout the long line of southern counties, Previously to the present session of congress, when anxiety and alarm. stretching 400 miles, from the Walkill to Lake Erie. as yet only one state had omitted to pay the interest on The Genesee Valley canal, excepting the portion be- its debt, and that too, not without à pretext that between Dansville and Rochester, also lies in a state trayed a desire to avert the consequences of so great of hopeless abandonment. The Black River canal, an error, I called the attention of the federal gowhich was more than two-thirds completed during vernment to alarming indications of a general faithe last year, has been left wholly unavailable. As lure by the indebted states, and invoked the constiif this were not enough, two rail roads, towards the tutional efforts which that government might effecconstruction of which the state had contributed half tually make to avert such a catastrophe. Aftera million of dollars, and public spirited citizens ward, when the legislature of this state assembled large sums in addition, have been brought to a forc- at the beginning of the present year, the same aped sale and sacrificed at an almost total loss to the prehensions were communicated to them, with a treasury, without yielding any indemnity to the view of the deep interest which we had at stake in stockholders, and without ever securing a guaranty the maintainance of the credit of our sister states. that the people should be permitted to enjoy the use I urged that their failure would produce effects disasof the improvements. At the same time the jealou-trous to the national industry and enterprise, and sies, alike unjust and unwise, which have so long de- that it would necessarily result in diminishing the layed the construction of the New York and Erie revenues from our canals and all other sources. I rail road, are fostered with expectations authorised submitted, also, that although we had ample resourby official announcement of a similar sacrifice of that ces and revenue, our credit must unavoidably rework as soon as the sale can be compelled by law-ceive some injury from our intimate political cona sacrifice which must result in a loss to the treasu- nection with insolvent states, and that if it should ry of three millions of dollars, and to beneficent con- become materially impaired, serious embarrassment tributors of nearly two millions, in addition, and a would be experienced in prosecuting the public final overthrow of all the long cherished and highly works. excited hopes depending on the accomplishment of that enterprise.


This state having long and uniformly expressed opinions in favor of protecting national industry, by an adequate tariff, it must be an occasion of general regret that the president perseveringly opposes and defeats the passage of laws designed to accomplish that object. And our regret is mingled with surprise, when we consider that it is at least doubtful whether there is any legal authority for the imposts now levied. The president, moreover, unequivocally indicates a determination to defeat any tariff law which can be passed, except it be accompanied by a relinquishment by congress of the right to protect agricultural and manufacturing industry otherwise than incidentally, and also by a diversion from the states of the revenues arising from the public domain. The right to adjust the pecuniary burthens imposed by the government upon the citizens would seem, of all others, to belong properly to the legislature. It cannot for a moment be supposed that the founders of the constitution intended that the executive should dictate to the national congress laws regulating revenue and finance.

The painful emotions excited by the condition to which the public works are thus reduced, might be somewhat relieved, if there were any well grounded hope that their prosecution would be resumed within any reasonable period. But the provisions of the law suspending those works, as well as the contemporaneous expositions of the grounds on which it was enacted, with every rational view which can be taken of its tendency, forbid any such expectation.-The policy of the act plainly is, that the debt of the state shall in no event be increased for the prosecution of improvements; nay, further, that the whole of The fourth day of July last completed a quarter of the existing debt shall be extinguished before any ada century since the system of internal improvements ditional sum be borrowed, and that the accruing revewas undertaken by the state. Within that period, nues, instead of being appropriated, as heretofore, to artificial navigation has been opened throughout dis- the prosecution of the works, be henceforth applied tances equal to eight hundred and three miles; and exclusively to the establishment of a fund for the exI the use of animal power in transportation has given tinguishment of the existing debts, although with place to the steam engine, on routes seven hundred small expectations those debts are redeemable only at and fifty seven miles in length. Navigation has been distant periods. It is but too apparent that these proestablished from tike water to Lake Champlain, Lake visions render any further progress in our public works Oneida, Lake Ontario, Cayuga Lake, Seneca Lake, wholly impracticable. The present generation, if this Lake Crooked Lake, and Lake Erie, and to the Mo- law continue, must abandon all hopes of seeing the hawk and the Oswego, to the Seneca and the Genesee, system resumed, and it will only remain for them to the St. Lawrence, the Delaware and the Susquehan- pay the whole cost of works, in a great degree useah rivers. Not only has our frontier trade, which less, because left unfinished, and hastening rapidly to sought distant markets, been incalculably increased, dilapidation and ruin. and concentrated at the city of New York, but the ores of Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, and Lake Superior, and the banks of the Ohio, the Miami and the Wabash have been reached by our vessels, and the once inconsiderable traffic of that vast central region, which stretches, from the summit of the Alleghanies to the banks of the Mississippi, has grown inan immense trade and become largely tributary to he same fortunate metropolis. Meanwhile our canals and railroads have been connected with similar systems, a thousand miles in ength, in the eastern states, and with still more exended artificial channels in the communities beyond ur southern borders. Our revenues have been increased from $419,900, in 1817, to $1,952,000, in

The objects which the legislature had in view, in directing the suspension of the public works, were declared to be to pay the debts of the state and preserve its credit. The means of paying the debts are derived from revenues and taxes. But the state, so far from diminishing, has increased its indebtedness, by becoming liable to contractors for heavy damages which might have been avoided by prosecuting the works, while by discontinuing the necessary enlargement of the Erie canal, the increase of revenue hitherto so constant, and so confidently relied upon for the reimbursement of the debts, is checked, and must ultimately cease. Simultaneously with the commencement of this policy, a new mode of stating the public accounts was adopted. Debts due from the state to

Adverting to erroneous opinions then somewhat prevalent, I showed that the revenue from the canals, steadily increasing at the rate of fifteen per cent. every two years, noth withstanding temporary fluctuations, together with the revenues from the public domain, constituted ample resources for borrowing all the money necessary to complete the works, and for paying the interest on the then existing debts, and those which it would be necessary to contract, and for extinguishing the principal as fast as it would become due. I demonstrated that the danger to which the credit of the state was exposed, arose, not from any cause merely local or temporary, nor at all from the extent of our unfinished works, nor from the amount of our indebtedness, nor from the firmness with which we had persevered in our im provements during the three previous years, but from the failure of the confidence of foreign capitalists and even of the American people themselves, in the financial wisdom and integrity of the government of other states.

I submitted as a course proper in the emergency, that care should be taken to foster our own credit by stating justly, and without exaggeration, the actual indebtedness of the state: by husbanding our revenues; by preventing our conditional guaranties from becoming fixed debts; by scrupulously performing our engagements with contractors; by prosecuting the unfinished works firmly, and even with sacrifices, if necessary; always adhering, however, to the fundamental condition that no more money should be borrowed in any one year than a sum, the interest of which could be paid with the current revenues, to be ascertained from the actual receipts of the preceding year; and by constituting a sinking fund with the moneys annually received from the proceeds of the national domain, together with a sufficient portion of the surplus revenues, which should be inviolably pledged, and steadily applied to the constant diminution and final extinguishment of the principal of our debt.

And to these suggestions, relating to the direct action of the legislature, I added others, earnestly recommending that the influence of this state should be

exerted to secure the adoption of national measures to resume the public works, by pleading the distress of March, 1839, entitled "an act making a donati which the exigency rendered necessary. Prominent which their suspension has already produced. They of land to the territory of Iowa, for the purp among those measures were tariff laws, the resto- point us to labor unemployed, and masses impover-erecting public buildings thereon." ration of the currency, and some mode of enabling ished; to agriculture unrewarded and burthened; to An act supplementary to an act entitled "ana the indebted states to render the proceeds of the trade diminished and discouraged; to credit para- to amend the act approved May 13, 1800, entitled public lands immediately available for the payment lyzed; to land and property depreciated and passing act to amend an act entitled "an act to establish of their pressing engagements. And I also urged that from hands hardened with the labor of production, judicial courts of the United States." the false and fatal principle of repudiating public into others that wait to gather the ripened fruits of An act to authorise the judge of the district e debts, which as yet had not been openly promulgat- industry; to disappointed expectations built on the for the eastern district of Pennsylvania to hold a ed, should be met by this state with such an expres-public faith, which no damages can reach or com-cial session of the said court.

sion of disapprobation and rebuke, as would con- pensate; to dilapidatad structures with increasing An act to amend the several acts establishing a vince the world that come what might of trial or dis-expenditures; to diminished revenues and protracted trict court of the United States at Jackson, in the aster, so far as our action and influence could be ef- taxation; to increasing and hopeless embarrass-trict of West Tennessce. fectual, the faith of not only this, but of all the states ment and decaying enterprise; and to a long and An act changing the time of holding the circuits of the American union, should be preserved forever cheerless decline from a career in which so much district courts of the United States for the districts inviolable. has been won for the interests and honor of the East and West Tennessee. state.


An act to authorise the collector of the distre Fairfield to reside in either of the towns of Fai or Bridgeport.


But we need no such painful incentive. Progressive physical improvement, comprehending the north as well as the south, the east and the west, opening An act to constitute the ports of Stonington, every necessary channel, and disclosing every re- tic river, and Pawcatuck river, a collection dis source which nature has bestowed, is emphatically An act to amend an act entitled "an act to c the policy of the state. And we are required to re-into effect, in the states of Alabama and Mississ turn to the course we have left, by every considera- the existing compacts with those states with tion of duty to ourselves, to posterity, to our country, to the five per cent. fund and the school reservati and to mankind. An act to regulate arrests on mesne process. District of Columbia.


An act to amend "an act for altering the ti holding the district court of the United States western district of Pennsylvania, at Williams approved May 8, 1840.

The policy thus recommended did not prevail, and the evils then apprehended are fully realized. State after state, some with unavailing struggles, but others without any, have neglected to perform their fiscal engagements, and thus a dark stain is diffusing itself over the escutcheon of our country. The credit even of the union is virtually destroyed, and our own is impaired, notwithstanding our great resources, and the conclusive efforts which have been made to induce a discrimination between that credit and the broken faith of other states.

In closing this my last general communication to Under these circumstances, I must adhere to the the legislature, it would evince singular insensibility views before submitted, and invite their reconside-not to anticipate my retirement from the trust which ration; and to avoid any misapprehension, I recom-I have received from my fellow citizens. Far from mend that the legislature rescind the law directing indulging a belief that errors have not occurred in the discontinuance of the public works; render to conducting the civil administration of a state emthe New York and Erie rail road company the aid bracing such great and various interests, I am, nevernecessary to enable them to recover their credit and theless, solaced by the reflection, that no motive has resume their operations; and direct the fiscal officers ever influenced me inconsistent with the highest reof the state, instead of reserving surplus revenues gard for the interests and honor of the state, and from the canals for the payment of debts due at dis- with the equality justly due to all its citizens. It tant periods, to apply such revenues, with the pro- may be, that in seeking to perfect the diffusion of ceeds from the national domain, to the prosecution knowledge, or in desiring to raise from degradation of the public works, upon the plan before submit- or wretchedness less favored classes, unjustly deted, until the works shall be completed and become pressed by the operation of unequal laws or adventiproductive; and provide other and additional tempo- tious circumstances; or, in aiming to carry into rerary means, if necessary, for that important object. mote and sequestered regions, the physical and com- An act to provide for the early disposition o And I further recommend that the legislature urge mercial advantages already afforded to more fortu- lands lying in the state of Alabama, acquired f upon congress, and especially upon the president, the nate and prosperous districts, I have urged too earn- the Cherokee Indians by the treaty of 29th Dece necessity of tariff laws adequate to revive our in-estly, what seemed to me the claims of humanity, 1835. dustry and commerce and restore the credit of the justice and equity; yet, remembering the generous general government; of a sound currency upon a spe-appreciation which those efforts have met, I shall cie basis and of uniform value throughout the union; carry with me into retirement, a profound sense of and above all of such measures as shall secure to the obligation, and a spirit of enduring gratitude. I several states not only their distributive shares of the never cease to invoke in behalf of the people of this public land, but such further constitutional aid based state, a continuance of the invaluable privileges, upon those lands, as will enable them promptly to re- civil and religious, which they now enjoy, and to im plore that great and beneficent Being who directs and It cannot be denied that the time which has claps-regulates the destinies of nations, to promote and ed and the policy which has been pursued, have in- watch over this commonwealth, in its continual adcreased the difficulties to be overcome, and yet with vancement throughout all succeeding ages. proper effort the ground we have lost may be recoWILLIAM H. SEWARD. vered. We are oppressed, not so much by opposing Albany, August 16th, 1842. forces as by our own irresolution, and a small portion of that energy which was put forth when our system of improvement was undertaken, would secure its re-establishment and successful triumph. It was not then thought unbecoming for the state to invoke the co-operation of the union and of the several states in aid of our efforts, and surely it cannot be deemed discourteous now to urge upon them the adoption of measures which will enable them to perform their own obligations, the neglect of which has involved, however unjustly, the whole country in a common calamity.

cover their credit.



The National Intelligencer publishes a list of 299 public acts, resolutions, joint resolutions, and 92 acts of a private nature, passed at the second session of the 27th congress.


An act to provide for satisfying claims for bounty lands, for military services in the last war with Great Britain, and for other purposes.

An act making appropriations, in part, for the civil department, for the year 1842.

An act for the extension of the loan of 1841, and
for an addition of five millions of dollars thereto, and
for allowing interest on treasury notes due.

An act to authorise the issue of treasury notes.
An act for the apportionment of representatives
among the several states according to the sixth cen-

Whatever may be the decision of the legislature on these momentous questions, it is at all events desirable to mitigate,as far as may be, the misfortunes in which the community is involved, and above all to abstain from any measure which would aggravate existing evils. I do therefore most earnestly protest against any further sacrifices of works already completed, or in progress of construction as being alike sus. wanting in magnanimity and wisdom; and while I An act making appropriations for the civil and ask for the New York and Erie rail road no prefe-plomatic expenses of government for the year 1842. rence over the works in which the state is directly An act making appropriations for the naval service engaged, or over those of similar character in other for the year 1842. localities, yet in view of the imminent jeopardy in which that great enterprise is now placed, I recommend that the proceedings for its sale be discontinued; and whatever else may be omitted, I again urge that adequate measures be adopted to secure the immediate resumption and speedy completion of that work, which under better auspices, would add dignity and lustre to the character of the republic. I also earnestly recommend that instructions be given to the canal commissioners, requiring them to complete and put in operation without further delay, at least the nearly finished portions of the enlarged Erie canal.

An act making appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of the Indian department, and for fulfilling treaty stipulations with the various Indian tribes, for the year 1842.

An act to change the name of the port of entr Lake Erie, known as Portland, to that of SanduAn act in relation to the district court for the ern district of New York.

An act regulating the services of the several j in the territory of Iowa.

An act making appropriations for pensions in the year 1842.

An act making an appropriation for the relief and protection of American seamen in foreign countries. An act making an appropriation for the repair of the custom house in Providence.

An act to amend the act of the 10th of March, 1838, entitled "an act to change the time of holding the circuit and district courts in the district of Ohio." The people, however, look not for temporary or An act granting to the county of Johnson, in the partieal relief, but for the re-establishment of the territory of Iowa, the right of pre-emption to a trat system of internal improvement upon broad and im- of land for a seat of justice for said county, and repregnable foundations. Our fellow citizens urge uspealing the second tection of an act approved 3d day

An act requiring foreign regulations of compet to be laid annually before congress.

An act explanatory of an act entitled "an a constitute the ports of Stonington, Mystic river. Pawcatuck river a collection district.

An act to provide for the settlement of the c of the state of Maine for the services of her m An act to provide for the allowance of invalid sions to certain Cherokee warriors, under the sions of the 14th article of the treaty of 1835.

An act to settle the title to certain tracts of in the state of Arkansas.

An act regulating commercial intercourse wit port of Cayenne, in the colony of French G and to remit certain duties.

An act confirming certain land claims in Louisa An act to authorize the governors of the state Illinois, Arkansas and Missouri to cause to be seat ed the land therein mentioned.

An act relative to the act entitled "an act gro lands to certain exiles from Poland," approved June, 1834.

An act to amend the act entitled an act supple tary to the act entitled "an act to amend the jo system of the United States."

An act authorising the construction of a war s er for harbor defence.

An act to annex a part of the town of Tiver the state of Rhode Island, to the collection dist Fali river, in the state of Massachusetts.

An act to establish certain post roads.

An act to confirm certain entries of land state of Louisiana, and to authorise the issuing

tents for the same.

An act to confirm the sale of a certain sche tion in the state of Illinois, and for other purpos

An act authorising the county commission Lake county, Illinois, to enter a quarter secti di-land for a seat of justice in said county.

An act for the benefit of the county of Holt, i state of Missouri.


An act to provide for the armed occupation an tlement of the unsettled part of the peninsula o Florida.

An act to extend the provisions of an act ent "an act to regulate processes in the courts ef United States," passed the 19th May, 1828.

An act to provide for the permanent empley in the post office department of certain clerks fore for several years temporarily employed b department.

An act to regulate appeals and writs of err the district court of the United States for the ern district of Alabama.

An act to provide for the settlement of the of the state of Georgia for the services of her! An act authorizing the settlement and pay certain claims of the state of Alabama.

An act to grant pre-emption rights to settl

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in said township, upon the condition that the same is
surrendered to the U. States for military purposes.
An act to authorize the state of Indiana and Illi-
nois to select certain quantities of land in lieu of like
quantities heretofore granted to the said states for the
construction of the Wabash and Erie and the Illinois
and Michigan canals.

An act to provide for the payment to the state of
Louisiana of the balance due said state for expediture
incurred in raising, equipping and paying off a regi-
ment of volunteer militia mustered into the service of
the United States and employed in the Florida war
in the year 1836.

An act supplementary to "an act to provide for the adjustment of titles to land in the town of Detroit. and territory of Michigan, and for other purposes,' passed April 21, 1836.

An act making appropriations to carry into effect a treaty with the Wyandot Indians, and for other

For the relief of lieut. John L. Kline, Francis G. McCauly, J. P. Campbell, Chauncey Calhoun, legal represensatives of John Barnes, deceased, Sylvester Phelps and the heirs or legal representatives of Chas. Landon deceased; Obed P. Lacey, Peter Sky, an Onondaga Indian; Burnett Birdsall, John P. Conyerse, Henry J. Rees, John E. Alexander, Daniel Homans, Isaac Fessenden, Archibald McCallum; Nathaniel Mitchell, Josiah Atwood, jr. Ingoldsby W. Crawford, Samuel Phillips, Josiah Holmes, Jos. F. Caldwell, James Williams, Wm. Markham, Elizabeth Pearce and Mary M. Telfair daughters and heirs of Israel An act for creating a new land district in state of Pearce, George Mayfield, legal representatives of Missouri, and for changing the boundaries of the south-Colonel William Piatt, Ellen Turney, Wm. Harper, western and western land districts in said state. Sarah Decker. Huldah Farlow, Esther Parrott, Clarissa Turney, Betsey Vreeland, Sarah Moore, of the state of Maryland; Mary Johnson; Sarah Besly, widow of Wm. Besly, deceased, and, previous thereto, widow of Doctor Henry Adams; Thomas Collins, Benjamin Franklin, Samuel B. Hugo, Daniel Chase, pur-Joseph J. Martin, Henry Wells, Benjamin F. Hard, George M. Bedinger, of the state of Kentucky; Jabez L. and Asa White, of the state of Connecticut; representatives of Josiah Blakely, deceased; Henry J. Defrees, Stephen Jenny, John Johnson, Edwin H. Childers, Charles H. Atherton, David M. Hughes, Charles Shipman, John Henderson, John Randall, Chas. York, Jas. Morrow, Jonathan Tipton, Bartholomew Pellerin, his heirs or assigns; Benj. C. Roberts, Eli Wheat, Stephen White, James Seaburn, John B. Pearce, Henry Gee, George H. Walker, Jubal E. Hancock, Margaret Barnes, David Waller, Daniel Pettibone, deceased; Joseph Bas ett, George W. Paschal, James Smith, of Arkansas; William Rand, Mary Pettyman, Samuel Crapin, Thankful Reynolds, Huldah Tucker, Margaret Jamison, Mary Snow, Sebastian Butcher and the heirs and legal representatives of Bartholomew Butcher, Michael Butcher and Peter Bloom; James H. Relte; the legal representatives of John Scott, the legal represen tatives of Aaron Vail, deceased, late consul at L'Orient, Valerian Allain, Jacob Pennell and others, owners of the Eliza, of New Brunswick, Jesse Carpenter, Plum Island bridge and turnpike company, Caleb Eddy, John S. Billings, Clark Woodrooff, the heirs of Francis Newman, James Kiser and Barnett Foley, of Missouri, Hezekiah L. Thistle, Thomas M. Isett, Gregoire Sarpy, or his legal representatives; Gabella Hill, widow, and John Hill, Elizabeth Hill, and Samuel Hill, children and minor heirs-at-law of Samuel Hill, deceased; George Nix, Daniel Kleiss; the legal representatives of Richard T. Banks, of the state of Arkansas; Richard Higgings. Thos. Haskins and Ralph Haskins, John C. Reynolds, late disbursing agent of the Indian depart. Alex. Hammett, Zacha. Jellison, Chapman Levey, Beckford C. Mathews, J. K. Teffit administrator of Francis Didier Petit, de Villers, deceased; the inhabitants of the reserved township in Gibson county, in the state of Indiana, John A. Rockwell, Wm. Osteen, of Illinois, Daniel B. Bush, Robert Miller, William Winn, Rees B. Ward, John Pratt, or his legal representatives, Hugh Stewart, the heirs or assignee of the legal representatives of Jas. May, Effe Van Ness, Amaziah Goodwin, Dennis Dygert, Hannah Carrier, Catharine Lehman, F. B. De Bellevue William, Willis, of Monroe county, Virginia, legal representatives of William D. Chever, deceased, the assistants of the marshal of the United Sates for the district of Kentucky, Thos. B. Parsons, legal representatives of Henry Eckford deceased, William H. Robertson, Samuel Garrow, J. W. Simonton, Henry Fry, Mrs. Mary W. Thompson, widow of the late lieutenant colonel Thompson, of the army of the United States; Andrew Forrest, Jean Baptiste Comeau, heirs of James Sympson, deceased, to a certain tract of land in the state of Louisiana, Jacob Greaves, William Polk, Thomas Brownell, Elisha Burnet, Isaac Hull, Enoch Hidden, the heirs or legal representatives of Francis Rivard, deceased, and for other purposes, John Compton, assignee and representative of Garrigues Flaujac, the legal representatives of Therese Malette, widow of Gaspard Phiole, the heirs and representatives of Thos. Atkinson deceased, the president and directors and company of the agricultural bank of Mississippi, Marston G. Clark, John Jorden, George Sheffler, the president directors and company of the Agricultural bank of Mississippi, John Underwood, Jehosaphat Briggs, Springfield manufacturing company, Nath. Mitchell, Elizabeth Gibbs, Christian Low, Charles F. Sibbald, Hezekiah Cunningham, Charles D. Hammond and Augustus H. Kenan. John Pratt, or his call-legal representative, Daniel Perrigo, John Looney, John King, Phillis Tatton, Mary Rand, Jas. Tongue, John Scrivner, and the legal representatives of Wm. Hodson, deceased, David Freelove, Jno. Flood, Elizabeth Colfax, Randolph Carter, Jacob Jackson, Dorothy Bowman, Joseph Parker, Nathan Smith and Samuel R. Slaymaker.

the "Dubuque claim," so called in the territory of Iowa.

An act making appropriations for the support of the army and military academy for the year 1842. An act to establish an auxiliary watch for the protection of public and private property in the city of Washington.

An act to amend an act entitled "an act to provide for the payment of horses and other property lost or destroyed in the miltary service of the U. States," approved the 18th day of January, 1837.

An act respecting the organization of the army and for other purposes.

An act to provide for the satisfaction of claims arising under the fourteenth and nineteenth articles of the treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, concluded in September, 1830.

An act further supplementary to an act entitled "an act to establish the judicial courts of the United States," passed the 24th of September, 1789.

An act making an appropriation to supply a deficiency in the navy pension fund.

An act for the relief of certain settlers in the territory of Wiskonsan.

An act to amend the acts of July, 1836 and 1838, allowing pensions to certain widows.


An act for the payment of Florida militia called into service in the years 1839 and 1840.

Joint resolution to institute proceedings to ascertain the title to Rush Island, ceded in Caddo treaty. A resolution for the relief of Ferdinand Pettrich. A resolution to authorize the postmaster general to settle the accounts of Patton Pilcher & Co.

An act legalizing and making appropriations for such necessary objects as have been usually included in the general appropriation bills without authority of law, and to fix and provide for certain incidental A resolution to authorize an extension of a conexpenses of the departments and officers of the gov-tract for carrying the mail. ernment, and for other purposes,

An act to provide for publishing an account of the discoveries made by the exploring expedition under the command of lieutenant Wilkes, of the United States navy.

Joint resolution authorizing experiments to be made for the purpose of testing Samuel Colt's submarine battery and for other purposes.

Joint resolution further to provide for the distribution of the printed returns of the sixth census, and An act to establish a district court of the United other documents connected with the same, the printStates in the city of Wheeling, in the state of Viring of which has heretofore been directed by law. ginia. Joint resolution to authorise the settlement of the accounts of George Whitman.

An act to confirm the sale of public lands in certain cases.

An act to regulate the pay of pursers and other officers of the navy.

Joint resolution to authorise the extension of the contract for carrying the mail on the route between Mobile and New Orleans.

An act to regulate the value to be affixed to the pound sterling by the treasury department.

A resolution declaratory of the pension act of July 7, 1838.

Joint resolution on the subject of printing the tables

ef the sixth census.

An act making appropriations for certain fortifications of the United States for the year 1842.

An act to provide for purchasing materials, and for the support of the penitentiary in the District of Columbia.

An act to limit the sale of the public stock to par, and to authorize the issue of treasury notes in lieu

thereof to a certain amount.

An act to extend the collection district of Wis


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An act to provide for the reports of the decisions of the supreme court of the United States. An act to provide an insane hospital for the District of Columbia. An act to confirm the sale of public lands in certain


An act establishing a court at Charleston in the commonwealth of Virginia.

Joint resolution to continue two clerks in the business of reservations and grants under Indian treaties. Joint resolution to authorise the commission appointed to prepare rules and regulations for the naval service to appoint a clerk.

Joint resolution for the benefit of George Schnabel and Robert Barber, jr.


An act to extend the time for selling the lands
granted to the incorporated Kentucky asylum for
teaching the deaf and dumb.

To extend the jurisdiction of the corporation of

To incorporate a society by the name of the National Institute for the promotion of science.

To authorise the Shanandoah Bridge Company, to erect a bridge on the land of the United States, at Harper's Ferry.

In relation to marriage swithin the District of Columbia.

To provide for erecting and lighting lamps on
Pennsylvania avenue.

An act granting a right of pre-emption to certain lots in the town of Perrysburg, in the state of Ohio. An act to grant to Van Buren county, Missouri, a tract of land, on which the seat of justice of said county has been located.

An act to incorporate the German Benevolent society of the city of Washington.

An act authorising the secretary of the treasury to audit and settle the account between the U. States and David Gelston, formerly collector of the port of

New York.

An act to incorporate Washington's Manual Labor school and Male Orphan Asylum society for the District of Columbia.

An act to authorise the county commisioners of Linn county, in the territory of Iowa, to enter, by legal subdivisions a quarter section of land upon which the county seat has been located.

An act to permit the secretary of the treasury to adjust and compromise the claims of the United States against Henry Daniel and Thomas Triplett jr. now, or late of the state of Kentucky.


An act for the payment of the Florida militia ed into service in the years 1839 and 1840. An act to compensate the township of Dublin, in Mercer county, Ohio, for the loss of school lands. An act to authorize the inhabitants of township 8 An act to authorise the selection of school lands in north, range 32 west, in the state of Arkansas, to en-lieu of those granted to the half-breeds of the Sac ter a section of land in lieu of the sixteenth section and Fox Indians.

An act to provide revenue from imports and to change and modify existing laws imposing duties on imports, and for other purposes.



BUNKER'S HILL MONUMENT-Error corrected. We have authority to correct a misstatement in our Register of 13th August last, taken from the New York Commercial Advertiser, in saying that the corner stone of Bunker Hill monument was laid by gen. La Fayette. As engraved on the plate there deposited, is was laid by the most worshipful, John Abbot, grand master of masons, in the presence of gen. La Fayette.

ABUNDANCE PROVIDENTIAL The blessing of an abundant harvest extends providential and timely relief to the starving thousands of Ireland who have lived through all The last accounts state the stages of misery and want. that the number of persons in the Union workhouses of Ireland had lessened one half within the last three weeks in consequence of the abundant harvest, especially potatoes. In some places potatoes could almost be had for the digging.

BANK ITEMS. The suit of the state of Louisiana against the Commercial, Canal, Citizens, and Consolidated banks of New Orleans, came to trial on the 26th ult. The two former proved that they had specie in vault to the amount of one third of their circulation, and consequently the suits were dropped. The other cases were postponed to

the 2d inst.

All the banks of Lancaster, Pa. including the ColumBridge, resumed specie payinents on the 1st inst.

The governor of Hinois has issued a proclamation forbidding the officers of the state from receiving the paper of the state bank in payment of taxes, or any dues of

the state.

CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL. The 14th Annual report of the directors is published; the liabilities of the company, on the 31st of May last, amounted to $1,110, 833, exclusive of its indebtedness to the State, being 2,315,000 more: 131 miles of the work, extending from Georgetown to Dan No. 6, near the mouth of the Great Cacapon, are finished and navigable; 31 7-10 of the remaining fifty miles have also been completed in unconnected sections, but owing to the location of the residue they cannot be used until the whole is finished.

COAL TRADE. During the month of August there ar rived in the river Schuylkill, 4 barges, 26 brigs, 165 schooners, and 78 sloops. Total 273. All for cargoes

of coal.

COLLISION OF VESSELS. The schooner Emily, Chase, bound from Vermillion to St. Catherines, on Lake O tario, on the night of the 31st ult, ran into the schooner Acorn, Cabb, besides merchandize, 45 emigrant passengers on board, bound from Buffalo to Chicago. The Tatter sunk in fifteen minutes, in ten fathom water. No lives lost, except one young Englishman missing, no one knows how. Three of the families were American and two English. One man only, saved his money, the rest lost all, including $4000 in gold.

NAVAL. The defence of lient. Wilkes was rend beDISTRESS. Who can wonder at disturbances in En- | gland. Sir James Graham lately announced in the the Naval Court Martial at New York, on Tuesday.House of Commons the terribl fact, that twelve hundred At the conclusion of the defence, the Court remained in thousand people are at present receiving parochial relief secret session for some time making up its verdict, which in England and Wales! One in every thirteen of the when decided upon was transmitted to the Navy Depopulation is on the poor rates, and probably one in partment at Washington. every ten is destitute. This state of distress is unparalelled in the history of any nation on the face of the earth. It is stated that there are 2700 vagrant children in Man chester, exposed to every misery and vice.

EFFECTS OF A TARIFF. The iron and nail works in this city, after a suspension of several months, are again in PRESIDENTIAL. The Hon. J. C. Calhoun was nomioperation. Mr. Marshall informs us that his manufacto-nated for the Presidency by the inhabitants of Meckries at Whitestown will also be started immediately. lenburg county North Carolina, on the 30th ult., sub[Troy Whig ject to the decision of a National Convention. No noSeveral factories in the vicinity of Philadelphia which mination of Vice President was formally made, but a have been closed for a long time, are again in motion-strong preference was expressed for the Hon. Silas Success to them. Wright, Jr., of New York."

The New York American of the 7th inst. says: "We POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. The expenditures of the have heard of several transactions which have taken General Post Office Department during the year ending place during the past week, which show a better feeling June 30, 1841. were $4,413,768,42, and the gross receipts in the mercantile world. Several individuals who held mortgages on real estate, which the parties were unable $2,379,296, 57. Excess of expenditures, $2,064,471 85. POLITICS OF THE DAY. The whig members of congress to pay, have cancelled the same, and received deedspaying large sums over to the indebted party for differ-on their return from Washington have been met at Philaence of value. By these operations, considerable sums delphia, New York, &c., by their friends with marked long locked up in the banks, have been put in circulation distinction and cordiality, in approbation of their course FIRES. There have been 189 alarms of fire in Boston during the recent session. during the last twelve months, of which 71 were out of the city. Property destroyed $93,000, of which $40,000 was insured.

In 'hiladelphia during the year ending June 1st, there were 159 fires, by which property to the amount of $362.875 was destroyed; $125,000 of which was lost at two fires that occurred March 31st.

Kamenz, in Germany, was nearly destroyed on the 5th August; the town hall, Gothic church, all the hotels, &c. Scarcely 100 houses escaped. Many lives were lost. Attributed to the negligence of a female.

The town of Knittelfield in Styria, was on the 26th ult. so dreadfully ravaged by a fire, that fifty-six houses and sixty farm buildings were entirely consumed, and six persons lost their lives.

The American Theatre at New Orleans was destroy. ed by fire on the morning of the 30th utt.

FLOUR declined 7 to 8 shillings at London from the 15th June to the 18th August. No hope of shipments entertained at present; the release of what was held in bond having supplied present deficiency and every prospect of an abundant harvest. Prices have declined in New York market—at Cincinnati $2 62475.

COTTON. The Baton Rouge Gazette of the 28th ult. Bays: "A gentlemen who has just returned from a circuit on the other side of the river, informs us that the rot is making dreadful ravages on some of the cotton planta. tions of West Baton Rouge and Pointe Coupee. In the former parish, Dr. Hereford, Dr. Lobdill, Colonel Courtney and Mr. Gerholt, are large sufferers. In Pointe Coupee, its damages are not so evident. The gentlemen Just named, consider from one-third to one-half of their crop lost." Prices at New York have improved fully cent per pound. The latest accounts from Liverpool, Aug. 17th, HOAX. Some wags in Jacksonville Illinois, previous 18th represent the market brisk, sales amounted to 5,000 bags cach day, one half of which was American, to the late election, addressed a letter to Judge Young, taken on speculation, the trade being sparingly, prices of that State, informing him that he had been nominated fully sustained, stocks on hand moderate. Quotations, as a candidate for Governor, to which the Judge respondSea Island 9d. to 191. bowed 3 to 63d.; Mobile, Alaba- ed in a printed pamphlet of twenty-four pages. ina and Tennessee 3 to 6jd.; New Orleans 32 to 7. CLAM BAKE. The Bay State Democrat states that at the annual festival on the 29th ult, at Seekonk, 350 bush els of clams were baked. Twelve bushels of chowder also suffered on the occasion.

DEATHS. During the last week in New York 184, of whom 106 were under 2 years.

In Philadelphia 117, of which 52 were under 2 years of age; 18 died of consumption. In Baltimore 50, of which 22 were under 2 years, 16 were free colored, and 2 slaves.

The yellow fever made its appearance in N. Orleans

about the 15th ult.
The New Orleans Crescent City says that 25,000 per-
sons followed to the grave the remains of the late Abbe

MISSIONARIES. In the ship Washington, Taylor, from Caleutia and Madras, which arrived at Philadelphia on Thursday, came passengers Rev. Dr. Seudder, lady, and five children. Dr. S. is one of the oldest missionaries of the American Board.

FLOGGING. Lieutenant DeCamp was fined Inst week in the United States district court, at Boston, $30 for striking one of the crew of the frigate Potomac, because he did not instantly obey an order that was given by DeCamp, when officer of the day.

DEFALCATION From a communication from the Comptroller, addressed to the Board of Assistant Alderinan, of New York, it appears that the defalcation of Thos Lloyd, the absconding collector, is likely to a

mount to $80,000.

The dinner to Mr. Calhoun, at Schocco springs North Carolina, came off on September 24 as advertised. The hon Messrs. Saunders and Daniel, members of congress were present. Mr. C. has been formally nominated for the presidency by the late Van Buren party in Mecklenburg, N. Carolina.

RAIL ROAD ITEMS. The Nashville and New Orleans rail road was sold at auction on the 22d ult., and purchased by the state of Louisiana, for $500,000, at one, two, and three years' credit. The iron alone is worth double the amount, exclusive of the land, twenty-three miles long, and one hundred feet wide, and the engines, cars, depots, and all the necessary utensils for carrying on the work, all of which were included in the bargain.

The Housatonic rail road. Receipts since the 16th of April last amount to 829,607 44, which is sufficient to pay all expenses including interest on their debts and leave a dividend of 3 per cent.

says: "Nathan McKingey, who arrived yesterday from
Scotland, was arrested, and sately lodged in prison, as
soon as he landed on terra firma, charged with obtain
ing upwards of $1,000 worth of silver watches, gold
chains, paints, &c. from Charles Brison and Thomas
Lowrie, of Scotland, under false pretences, and shiqping
himself and goods to this country in the first vessel.-speculation.
Under the new treaty, he will have to be delivered up,
as it provides especially for the return of all such viola
tors of the law."

SHIPWRECKS. The ship Congress, Furnham, with crew was lost on Cape Hatteras a few days ago. 23,000 bushels salt, from Turks Island, with seven of her

STEAMERS. Passsengers are now conveyed regularly by steamboats between London and Rotterdam in twenty-two hours.

STEAMERS. At a meeting of the Great Western Steam Navigation Company, at Bristol, on the 16th, it was resolved that the affairs of the company should be wound A committee of ten persons were authorised to up. dispose of the whole property of the company to the best advantage. It is said to have proved a ruinous

TREASUARY NOTES. The Register of the Treasury reports that the amount now outstanding is $8,771,999,99-of which $3,896 558 50. were issued prior to the act of Jan. 31, 1842, $4,575,044,40, issued under the act of Jan. 31, 1840.

THE RIOTS IN ENGLAND. The New York Sun has a private letter from Bursiem, Staffordshire, England, datA HOWITZER 15 3 10 inches in the bore, and calculated 17th Aug., which states that there had been a great ed for throwing solid shot of 450 pounds weight, or shells fight there the day before, between a mob on one side of 320 pounds, holding 30 pounds of burstiaz powder, and the manufacturers and other citizens on the other. as well as some 130 pounders, have been proved at A number of the mob were killed, and many moro Woolwich for the Pasha of Egypt. wounded. An engagement was expected to take place on the night of the 17th, in which some 30,000 would be A LOCOMOTIVE FOR THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT. A powerful burden locomotive, and of admirable construc-engaged. The manufacturers, &c., had soldiers with them. tion, has been just completed by our townsman, Mr. Ross WINANS, upon a special order from the Emperor of Rus- THE PAPAL CALENDAR for the current year gives the sia. A similar order, we understand, was scut simul- following items of intelligence. The present pope, Gretaneously to England, with a view of procuring the best gory the 16th, will complete his 77th year on the 15th of specimens of workmanship that each country could fur this month-having passed into the 11th year of his panish, and of testing by experiment the merits and quali-pacy. There are now 60 cardinal, 6 cardinal bishops, 43 cardinal priests and 11 cardinal deacons. Rupi, the ties of both engines for purposes of transportation. The contract price of the engine is $11,500, and it is oldest cardinal, is 87, and Schwartzenberg, the youngest intended for a track 6 feet in width and therefore could 33. The ages of all the cardinals make 3,580 years. THE FISCAL YEAR. By act No. 63, of the last session, not be tested on our ordinary roads. Mr. THOMAS WINANS, the son of the builder, is offered by the Russian the fiscal year of the treasury of the United States is in government a liberal allowance for his expenses to Rus-future to terminate on the 30th June, to which day all Major Gabriel J. Floyd, who was so brutally maltreat.sia and back, and a handsome salary while there, to give accounts and annual statements are in future to be made ed at his residence near Louis, on instructions for casting chilled car and engine wheels. We learn that the order for the above engine enabled the 26th ult. by five miscreants, has since died of his Mr. Winans at once to employ in his own shops one wounds. The French papers announce the death of Baron Lar-hundred mechanics who were out of employment, berey, the famous surgeon, whose name so often occurs in sides the work which he gave to other shops. So that, the history of Napoleon's wars. He died at Lyons, on the including the families of his own mechanics, at least five hundred persons have been benefited by the order. 25th of July. He was 76 years of age. [Balt. Amer., 9th. MORMANS. The last Quincy Herald represents that Gov. Carlin had fairly failed in his attempts to arrest Jo. Smith and Rockwell; and adds that the Mormons will not give them up, but fight to the last.

James Reeside, esq. widely known as an energetic contractor for mail routes, died at his residence at Philadelphia, on the 31st ult.



THE NEWFOUNDLAND FISHERIES, from which so large a portion of our eastern brethren usually obtain supplies of cod, &c., have this season almost entirely failed them. A late Cape Breton paper says: "The fisheries will this year turn out almost a total failure. On some parts of the coast the take has been literally, nothing."

WHEAT is selling at New Nork at from 70 to 103 cts. At Cincinnati 40 to 45; at Alton (ill.) 31 to 37. The Lawrenceburg (la.) Beacon says: Our streets are perfectly blockaded with teams from the interior. pours in at the rate of 2,000 bushels a day-price 50 cts.


YANKEE CLOCKS-adventure. Mr. Sperry, Fulton St. New York, sailed on the 1st inst. for England with an adventure of 600 Yankee wooden clocks, to apprize the natives of the progress of time and tact. He will have to pay 25 per cent. duty on them there.

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