« VorigeDoorgaan »
Treasury department, February 9, 1843.
as can be ascertained at this time
The estimated receipts during the
dence of this he had prepared a bill making this very appropriation, and intended to move that that bill be next taken up; and it appeared to him that the item was wholly out of place in this bill, and a very grave question was raised by the fact of its having been sent to the house as an amendment from the other branch of the legislature.
Messrs. Triplett, and Reynolds, advocated the amendment, and before the debate concluded the committee rose.
State of the treasury. On the suggestion of Mr. Wise, the speaker laid before the house the following message from the president of the United States: Washington, February 13, 1843. To the house of representatives:
I herewith transmit to the house of representatives a report made to me on the 9th instant by the secretary of the treasury, on the subject of the present and prospective condition of the finances.
Aggregate of means
printed. Mr. Wise moved a reconsideration of the vote.
Mr. W. said that he owned he felt some excitement from the way in which he had been treated by the chairman of the committee of ways and means. Mr. W said he asked what his (Mr. Fillmore's) opinion was as to the prospect of a surplus of a deficit in the treasury; he had desired to know whether the $2,840,041 72 committee had performed its duties and satisfied themselves as to the correctness of the executive report, and he asked now again for an expression of the gentleman's own opinion.
Mr. Fillmore asked if the gentleman appealed to him for a reply.
Mr. Wise said he did.
Mr. Fillmore observed that there was one remark in the message of the president which was very true, viz: that it was the duty of the executive department to inform congress whether there was likely to be a deficit in the treasury; and the usage of the government had invariably been that the house and its committee of ways and means looked to the secretary of the treasury for information on those subjects. In the present case the committee had been waiting for information from the department, without which they were unable to act, and for want of which they had not acted, and Mr. F. had not made up a settled opinion in regard to it. The gentleman had complained of Mr. F's course toward him, and had accused him of evasion: but Mr. F. believed that. after hearing his replies, the gentleman had declared that he was satisfied-he had got all he wanted; so at least Mr. F. was informed by gentlemen round him.
Mr. Wise. That I was satisfied that the gentleman had evaded the question.
You will perceive from it that even if the receipts from the various sources of revenue for the current year shall prove not to have been overrated, and the expenditures be restrained within the estimates, the treasury will be exhausted before the close of the year; and that this will be the case, although authority should be given to the proper department to reissue treasury notes. But the state of facts existing at the present moment cannot fail to awaken a doubt whether the amount of revenue for the respective quarters of the year will come up to the estimates, nor is it entirely certain that the expenditures which will be authorized congress may not exceed the aggregate sum which has hitherto been assumed as the basis of the treasury calculations.
Estimated balance on 1st Jan. 1844,
Of all the duties of the government, none is more sacred and imperative than that of making adequate and ample provision for fulfilling with punctuality its pecuniary engagements and maintaining the public credit inviolate. Any failure in this respect, not produced by unforeseen causes, could only be regarded by our common constituents as a serious neglect of the public interests. I feel it, therefore, to be an indispensable obligation, while so much of the session yet remains unexpired as to enable congress to give to the subject the consideration which great importance demands, most earnestly to call its attention to the propriety of making further provision for the public service of the year.
It will be seen that this estimate makes no provision for the amounts which may be required to meet the appropriations for private bills, or other objects beyond the official estimates, nor for the redemption of treasury notes, of which there are $11,068,977 69 outstanding and redeemable during the year 1843. Of these, the whole except $2,402,390 56 carry interest after maturity, and will not probably be presented for redemption. But the sum of $2,402.390 56, on which the interest ceases after the year from the date of issue, will require to be provided for, and will not only absorb the balance of $390,627 08, but will need a further supply of upwards of two millions to maintain the public credit. I have propos. ed to the finance committees of congress to place these notes on the same footing in regard to interest as the other issues, and to authorise the department to re-issue such treasury notes as may be redeemed previous to July, 1844. Should this proposition be adopted by congress, the estimated balance of $390 627 08 will remain unaffected, except by such appropriations as may be made beyond the estimates. Mr. Wise.. I care not whether any one heard it Believing it necessary that some further provision or not. The gentleman declared that he declined should be made by congress for the purpose of en- giving any specific opinion-that is, entering into any suring an amount of receipts that will enable the calculation about the matter; but I here affirm, again, treasury to meet punctually all demands that are that he declared to me here, at this desk, that he did likely to be made upon it, I have this day addressed a not agree in opinion with the secretary that the surcommunication to the chairman of the committee of plus he expected would exist. If the gentleman ways and means, recommending duties upon tea and did not declare this to me then, standing at that corcoffee, together with several other articles which ap-ner of my desk, I am not standing on this floor now. peared to be proper subjects of taxation. However Mr. W. had told him that he knew distinctly enough desirable may be to avoid this resort, it was thought what it was that Mr. W. wanted, viz: to know wheto be imperatively called for by the condition of the ther he (Mr. F.) and the committee agreed with the finances and the state of the public credit. I have secretary of the treasury: but that they were willing the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient the secretary's statement should go to the country, W. FORWARD, servant, so that if the president should be compelled to call an exSecretary of the treasury. tra session of congress, the whole reproach connected To the president of the U. States. with that measure might rest upon him. The message having been readA struggle followed for the floor, which the er awarded to
Mr. Fillmore denied the import put upon his remarks by Mr. Wise and would be glad to know whe ther any gentleman near heard the reply differently from what I state.
The proper objects of taxation are peculiarly within the discretion of the legislature, while it is the duty of the executive to keep congress duly advised of the state of the treasury, and to admonsh it of any danger which there may he ground to apprehend of a failure in the means of meeting the expenditures authorised by law.
It ought not therefore to dissemble my fears that there will be a serious falling off in the estimated proceeds both of the customs and the public lands. I regard the evil of disappointment in these as altogether too great to be risked, if by any possibility it may be entirely obviated. While I am far from objecting, under present circumstances, to the recommendation of the secretary, that authority be granted him to re-issue treasury notes as they shall be redeemed, and to other suggestions which he has made on this subject, yet it appears to me to be worthy of grave consideration whether more permanent and certain supplies ought not to be provided. The issue of one note in redemption of another is not the payment of a debt which must be made in the end by some form of public taxation.
Mr. Fillmore, who was about to submit a motion, when he yielded to a vociferous call for the reading of the communication from the secretary of the treasury which accompanied the message.
What! a chairman of the committee of ways and Speak-means, on this 13th day of February, within two weeks of the day of adjournment, here at this last hour of his third session as head of that committee, to say that he had formed no opinion on the ways and means!
Mr. Fillmore. I said that I had formed no opinion independent of what had been reported to us from the executive department.
Mr. Wise. I asked the gentleman if he believes the statement from the treasury department to be correct?
I cannot forbear to add, that, in a country so full And the communication having been readof resources, of such abundant means, if they be Mr. Fillmore said it certainly was too late to go but judiciously called out, the revenues of the go- into the discussion of this subject now. He perceiv vernment, its credit, and its ability to fulfil all its ob-ed that the report of the secretary of the treasury ligations, ought not to be made dependent on tempo- was in substance the same as that which had been rary expedients, or on calculations of an uncertain submitted to the house through the committee of Mr. Fillmore. I have no means of showing that the character. The public faith in this, as in all things ways and means, and which had been ordered to be secretary is incorrect in his statement, and I believe else, ought to be placed beyond question and be- printed. It was proper that the message of the pre-him to be an honest man. yond contingency. sident should be taken into consideration; and for the purpose of referring it at once, and as very little little time was left for action, he moved that the message and accompanying documents be referred to the committee on ways and means, and that they be printed.
Mr. Bolts here interrupted and said he must object to this process of polling the committee of ways and means.
Mr. Wise continued in angry remark at having been unable to elicit an opinion from Mr. Fillmore that would be more consonant with his own opinion and expressed the belief that the object was to escape the responsibility of having to report a plan to meet a deficit on the 1st January next.
The necessity of further and full provision for supplying the wants of the treasury will be the more urgent, if congress, at this present session, should adopt no plan for facilitating the financial operations of the government and improving the currency of the country. By the aid of a wise and efficient nieasure of that kind, not only would the internal business and prosperity of the country be revived and invigorated, but important additions to the amount of revenue arising from importations might also be confidently expected. Not only does the present condition of things in relation to the currency and commercial exchanges produce severe and distressing embarrassments in the business and pursuits of individuals, but its obvious tendency is to create also a necessity for the imposition of new burdens of taxation, in order to secure the government and the country against discredit, from the failure of means to fulfil the public engagements. JOHN TYLER.
And he demanded the previous question.
Mr. Fillmore. I desire to know of the gentleman from Virginia whether he believes the report of the secretary to be well founded? or whether he has the means of knowing that it is false? [Sensation and sonie laughter.]
Mr. Fillmore said he would submit it to the house and to the country to say whether he had evaded the gentleman's inquiries. He had told the gentle man that, on the subject touching which the gentleman questioned him, he had made up no definite opinion, neither had the committee.
Mr. Wise here maintained, that Mr. Fillmore had a few days ago at his (Mr. W's) seat, admitted that he did not entirely agree with the secretary's report.
Mr. Wise. I will tell the gentleman that I differ wholly from the secretary. Has the gentleman got an answer? And now I say to the gentleman, will you answer my question? Do you believe in it? It is a fair question. I have answered: now come, toe the mark. I believe that instead of a surplus of
Mr. Mallory moved an amendment limiting the amount of mileage to a senator during any session of congress to $300. Assented to.
$390,000 on the 1st January next, there will be a de- equality the actual sums paid to western members, to the residence of each senator, representative, and ficit to that amount or more. I wish to avoid a call-with those paid to those residing near the seat of delegate, by the most usual route from his residence ed session. I dread the very name. government. to and from the seat of government, in all cases where After a few more excited remarks between the the session of congress shall continue no longer than two gentlemen, Mr. Fillmore concluded the subject five months. If the session shall be extended any by announcing that he now understands his (Mr. time longer, and not exceeding two months, each seWise's) real object to be to pare the way for an extra nator, representative, and delegate shall receive six Session, and throw its responsibility if possible on the dollars per day for the additional time; and if the sespresent congress. Mr. F. said he was much gratifiIsion shall be protracted longer than seven months, ed to learn that the gentleman was opposed to a calleach senator and member of the house shall receive ed session, because he was understood to speak acfive dollars per day for the remainder of the session. cording to the mind of the administration. M. F. If any senator or member of the house shall be dedid not himself believe in any such necessity. This tained by sickness on his journey to or from the meethad been the short session; and the committee of ing of congress, or after his arrival at the seat of govways and means had had to examine a double set of ernment shall be prevented by sickness from attenappropriation bills, and also to consider by what way dance in the senate or house, he shall be entitled to they might bring in the money formerly squandered, Mr. Wise moved to amend the amendment by in- the same daily allowance. The president of the seand also to devise ways and means to carry through serting as an additional proviso, the following: nate pro tem., when the vice president shall be abthe government to the 1st of January. Whether the Provided, further, That, besides pay, no senator shall sent, or when the office of vice president shall be vacommittee had been diligent, or had discharged their be allowed any ration in kind other than beef, and cant, shall receive double the daily pay to which he duty with becoming ability, it was not for him to say; that roasted, and not exceeding two dollars in cost. is entitled as a senator for every day he shall attend that question he must leave to the house. But if the Mr. Arnold moved to amend the amendment by the senate. And the speaker of the house of reprehouse believed with the committee, that it was the adding, "except the guard, who are to receive fore-sentatives shall receive double the daily pay to which duty of the treasury department to inform the house ign missions after the 4th day of March." he is entitled as a representative for every day he shall on subjects of finance, he would call on the gentle- Mr. Wise was willing, he said, to accept the modi- attend the house: Provided, That it shall be the duty man from Virginia to point to a fact from which the fication; but there was an impediment in the way. of each senator and of each representative and delecommittee had any reason to doubt that there would No senator was a member of the guard. gate, before his account is settled and certified, to be an abundance of means to carry on the govern- The chairman decided that neither of those amend-state the number of days he has been actually in atment. Where was it? ments was in order. Numerous amendments were tendance in the senate or the house, and also the numoffered, and for the most part rejected, and after ber of days he has been absent, and whether said abmuch confusion the committee rose and reported pro- sence has been owing to sickness or otherwise; and gress. unless such absence shall have been caused by sickness of himself or family, or by leave of the senate or house, his daily pay for the time when he was thus absent without cause shall be deducted from his account.
Which was concurred in.
Mr. Wise withdrew his motion to reconsider.
Mr. Cushing entered into an argument against the policy and propriety of the bill. He thought its effect would unsettle the subject forever, and would tend also to exclude from the floor of congress any but the wealthy. Exact equality of payment is unattainable.
The report rendered on the 15th of December showed that we should have revenue enough for the year, and for the next half year also, and that a million and a half would be still left in the treasury. Mr. Mallory presented a resolution from the select But when some doubts began to arise from the re- committee on the coast survey providing for the orturns, as the committee had no connexion with the ganization of a board under the direction of the executive, they called on the secretary of the treasury president of the United States, in relation to the to know whether he had seen reason to revise his mode of conducting the coast survey, with a view to former calculations? To estimate the sufficiency of the reduction of expenditures. Ordered to be our means, we must know, first, what was to be re-printed. ceived; and, second, what was to be expended. For And then the house adjourned. this information the committee relied on the secretaWEDNESDAY, FEB. 15. Bill number 548. The comry. But then let it be remembered that it was in mittee resumed the consideration of the bill number the power of an executive so to exhaust the treasury 548, being "a bill to reduce the compensation to the as to render it necessary to call an extra session, be members of the senate, members of the house of recause the money in the treasury was to be expended presentatives of the United States, and to the deleunder executive responsibility. The large unex-gates of the territories, and repealing all other laws pended balances of former appropriations were un- on the subject. der its control, and they might, if so disposed, spend A vast number of amendments, and some substiof a called session. But if no more should be spenting and disposition thereof, without debate, nearly all in this one year, and at once create the necessity tutes, were offered (occupying the committee in readthan had been appropriated, he said to the gentleman three hours) by members, and were for the most part from Virginia and to the country that the ways and rejected-a few only were agreed to: The amendmeans would be sufficient to meet the wants of go- ments proposed by the select committee were genevernment. The government could at will render rally concurred in. them otherwise. If the resources of the treasury should be administered as heretofore, he believed they would be adequate.
Mr. Arnold moved that the committee rise and report the bill and amendments to the house.
As to the instructions moved by the gentleman, Mr. F's only objection to them was that they were wholly unnecessary. They seemed, too, to imply censure on the committee; but he did not see that what they had done deserved to call down any rebukes from the gentleman; and he doubted not the committee would do precisely the same, whether
Mr. Botts moved to strike out the enacting clause. The chairman having decided that motion to be out of order-Mr. Bolts moved to amend the motion of Mr. Arnold by adding "the recommendation of the committee to the house that the bill do not pass."Tellers were appointed, and the vote stood: Yeas 33, noes not counted. So the amendment was rejected.
thus instructed or not.
The committee then rose and reported the bill and
Mr. Fillmore, after moving to amend the amend-
The question recurring on the demand for the pre-
And the main question (on concurring in the amendments of the committee of the whole on the state of the union, as proposed to be amended, and ordering the bill to a third reading) was ordered to be now taken.
TUESDAY, FEB. 14. Exchequer. Mr. Barnard gave notice that he should on Thursday next, ask the house to go into committee of the whole on the state of the union, to take up the exchequer bill of the gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. Cushing,) for the purpose of considering the substitute which he (Mr. B.) had laid before the house.
District banks. On motion of Mr. Underwood the committee on the district, was discharged from further consideration of the bill to extend the charters of the banks in the district of Columbia.
Memorial of Jesse Hoyt. Mr. Barnard of judiciary committee moved that it be printed. The house refused.
The debate upon the state debts and Mississippi repudiation was then resumed-which is defered to
our next number.
The hour of 3 having arrived, the committee proceeded to vote.
The amendment of Mr. Holmes by ayes 98, noes 69, was agreed to.
The first question was on the amendment of Mr.
Bill No. 548 to re luce the congressional per diem, being the special order of the day, was taken up. Many amendments were offered, and much confusion ensued.
Mr. Mallory moved a call of the house. Mr. Ar-in nold hoped the gentleman would not undertake to Strike out the 2d section, after the enacting clause, dodge the bill by such means. Mr. Mallory disavow- and insert: That in lieu of the daily pay and mile. ed dodging the question. The committee refused a age now allowed by law, to the senators and members call of the house. of the house of representatives, each senator, repreMr. Holmes said he would go as far in favor of re-sentative, and delegate shall hereafter be entitled to form as the gentleman from Tennessee. He there- receive eight dollars per day for every day he shall fore instead of allowing $8 for every twenty miles be in attendance, and four dollars for every twenty of travelling, would prefer that the actual travelling miles of travel; and that the mileage in all cases shall expenses only should be paid for. The gentleman be estimated or computed by the shortest mail route, was a great reformer. This proposition will save the or according to the last post office book of distances treasury $1,900,000, and serve to put more on an from the seat of government to the post office nearest
Mr. Briggs then moved that the rules be suspended, that the bill might have its third reading now.
And the question being taken on the motion of Mr. Briggs, the vote stood: ayes 128, noes 54. So, twothirds voting in the affirmative, the rules were suspended, and the bill was put on its third reading.
And the main question, "shall this bill pass?" was Arrington, Atherton, Babcock, Baker, Beeson, Bidlack, taken, and decided in the affirmative, as follows: YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Sherlock J. Andrews, Arnold, Blair, Boardman, Brewster, Briggs, Brockway, Bronson, Aaron V. Brown, Milton Brown, Charles Brown, Jeremiah Brown, Burke, William O. Butler, Green W. Caldwell, Patrick C. Caldwell, Calhoun, William B. Campbell, Thomas J. Campbell, Caruthers, Cary, Casey, Chapman, Childs, Chittenden, John C. Clark, Clifford, Coles, Mark A. Cooper, Cowen, Cravens, Crawford, Daniel, Garret Davis, Richard D. Davis, Dean, Deherry, John G. Floyd, Charles A. Floyd, Fornance, A Law Doig, Eastman, John C. Edwards, Egbert, Fillmore, rence Foster, Gamble, Gates Gentry, Gerry, Giddings, Glmer, Patrick G. Goode, Wm. O. Goode, Gordon, Graham, Granger, Green, Gwin, Hall, Harris, Hastings, Hays, Henry, Hopkins, Houck, Houston, Hubard, Hudson, Hunter. James Irvin, Jack, Cave Johnson, John W. Jones, Isaac D. Jones, Keim, Andrew Kennedy, King, Lewis, Linn, Littlefield, Abraham McClellan, Robert McClellan, McKay, McKennan. McKeon, Mallory, compensa-Tompson Mason, Mathiot, Mathews, Mattocks MayMarchand, Alfred Marshall, Samson Mason, John nard, Medill, Meriwether, Mitchell, Moore, Morgan, Morris, Morrow, Newhard, Oliver, Osborne, Owsley Parmenter, Patridge, Payne, Pendleton, Plumer, Pope, Powell, Ramsey, Benj mia Randall, Rayner, Read, Reding, Rencher, Reynolds, Ridgway, Rodney, Rogers, Roosevelt, William Russell, James M. Russell, Sanford, Saunders, Sewell, Shepperd, Shields, Slade, Snyder, Stuart, Summers, Sumter, Sweney, Jacob Thompson, Sprigg, Stanly, Steenrod, Stokely, Stratton, John T. Triplet Trotti, Trumbull, Turney, Underwood, Van Buren, Van Rensselaer, Wallace, Warren, Washington, Weller, Westbrook, Thomas W. Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Yorke, Aug. Young-166.
Mr. Wise demanded the reading throughout; and the bill having been read-Mr. Briggs demanded the previous question.
NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Landaff W. Andrews,
Mr. Moore, of Louisiana, moved a reconsideration of the vote, and demanded the previous question.There was a second. The main question was ordered; and, being taken, the vote was not reconsidered.
The bill having been slightly amended as to the title, was sent to the senate for concurrence. The nouse adjourned.
NILES NATIONAL REGISTER-FEB. 18, 1843-CHRONICLE.
In Washington, D. C. 33 deaths only are reported during the month of January, of which 14 were under two years, 5 were of consumption.
BANK ITEMS. An act has passed the legislature of Maryland, reducing the nominal capital stock, of several of the banks of the state to their actual capital. The motive on the part of the banks, was to save themselves from payment of the bonus to the state for the difference on renewal of their charters. The Farmers' and Planters' bank is thus relieved of the payment of $15,000; the Citizens' bank of $7,000, and the Chesapeake bank of $6000.
The Farmers' and Millers' bauk of Washington county has exploded. It had very little credit at any time. U. S. bank notes are quoted at 50 in New York. The banks of New Orleans and St. Louis are getting saucy. They will not have specie, unless it is of the stamp The St. Louis papers tell us and size to please them. that the said banks have now nearly $30,000 on hand in ten cent pieces! The directors have passed resolutions to refuse to receive on general deposite or in payment, Spanish quarters, bits, or picayunes; (quarters, levies, or fips.)
THE EARTHQUAKE felt in Washington and Baltimore
Captain Tecklenberg, of the Bremen ship Emma, at
ELECTIONS took place in Massachusetts on the 13th instant, in the 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th congressional districts in which no choice was effected at the previous general election. The returns so far as received, none yet complete, induce us to believe that Mr. Parmenter, (Van Buren), is elected in the 4th, and Baker, (whig), in the 6th, and that no choice has been made in the other three districts.
The Huntsville, Alabama branch bank, is to go into liquidation. The bill so directing passed the senate of Alabama by a vote of 48 to 45.
A resolution has been introduced into the Alabama legislature, proposing to amend the constitution of the state s as to prohibit the legislature forever hereafter from chartering a bank. If the mover desire to accomplish his object, he should not only include fiscal agents-exchequer and every other term in or out of the language, that may be appropriated to the like purpose, but also be sue to inhibit the making of any new term that would answer the same purpose. Statesmen have been mighty cunning ever since the world began.
$76,365 by their project. Of this sum $30,000 is to come
BANKRUPTS. About 2,200 persons in the state of Kentucky have taken the benefit of the bankrupt law,
SPECIE. On the 29th ult. $60,000 was landed at New Orleans from Havre, and $70,000 from Liverpool.
During the week ending the 10th inst. $115,000 were received at Savannah.
SOCIETY ISLANDS. Letters from Mr. Blackner, A merican consul, dated Tahiti, 11th September, says that the French admiral, Dupetit Thouars, arrived there on the Sth, and made a demand on the Tahitians of the sum of their future adherence to treaties. They immediately $10,000, in reparation for abuses, and as a guaranty for EXCHANGES. New York on London 5a52; on France entered into negotiations for the surrender of the soverAt the last date, the question of acknowledg 45; Philadelphia, Baltimore, Charleston, Augusta, Sa- eignty of the island. Four of the chiefs on the 9th signcent. On Virginia 1 a 1; North Carolina 1; Cincin-sign it. Vanuah and New Orleans, is down atto of one per ed a paper to that effect, but the queen has refused to nati 14; Apalachicola 1 a 2; Louisville; St. Louis ment of the sovereignty of France was supposed to be a 2; Nashville 3. It is with Alabama that exchange settled, as all demonstrations of hostility had ceased, but is most feverish. Tuscaloosa 20; Mobile and Montgo. the French flag was not yet hoisted. The La Reine premium. mery 25 a 35; Union, (Florida) 65. Treasury notes 2 a 1 Blanche was at Tahiti.
The present rate of exchange affords quite handsome profits-say nearly three per cent. on shipments of specie ed every 45 days from England to this country-a thing that can be repeat
The New York papers are actually complaining of the abundance of money there-for which no employment they say can be found.
FLOUR. At Boston fair brands 4 62 a 4 75; at New York 4; at Philadelphia 3 75 a 3 87; at Baltimore 3 56; at Alexandria 3 30; wagon prices at Cincinnati 2 59. The inspections of the week in Baltimore consisted of 755 barrels and 31 halt barrels.
TARIFF DOCTRINE. Mr. McDuffie in a speech in the
LISFENARD ESTATE. The trial of a case was com menced before the supreme court of the city of New which Helen Sophia Lispenard and others are U. S. senate on the 13th inst., asserted, that "The manuBANKRUPT LAW. The question of the constitution- York, ality of the bankrupt law, it was supposed would be con- plaintiffs, and Robert Stewart is defendant, which in-factures of England when brought in exchange for cotIf Sir Robert Peel will now assert in the British parliaclusively decided by the supreme court of the United volves the right of Mr. Stewart to the immense Lispen-ton, were as much the property of the exporter of the ment, that American tobacco is just as much the proStates at its present session. In this expectation the pub-ard estate, situated in Canal and adjacent streets, and cotton, as was the cotton exported. perty of the British manufacturer who ships his wares lic will be disappointed. The case brought up from worth about $6,000,000, there being over 800 lots, with Kentucky the supreme court refuse to take cognizance buildings-many of them very valuable. MORMONS. A late number of the Nauvoo Wasp, con- here to pay for it, as is the commodity he ships, we shall of, as it was a mere profound difference between the district and the circuit court, or some such technical diffi-tains an account of four cargoes, amounting in all to exactly square the yards with them on that tack. And as culty, on which the opinions leave the question of con-801 emigrants-"Latter Day Saints" having sailed from soon as his lordship will carry a bill through parliament can productions, or offer a fair treaty with us upon that stitutionality pretty much where it was. The Missouri Liverpool for that region. Elder Orson Hyde had re- predicated upon that assumption-in relation to Ameri turned from his pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and was now case was remitted on the ground of informality. toeing the mark with those who go the farthest towards occupied in translating Mormon books, &c into the Ger-basis, the way Mr. McDuffie will find the Americans man language. "Free Trade" in good earnest and good faith, will do his For ten years they have had all the "Free Trade," and heart good,-but, till then,-give us no more humbugs. pro-Americans have quietly submitted to all their restrictions, the whole land. till broad ruin was brought by this turn of affairs over
HENRY CLAY, after spending some time with highly esteemed personal friends in Louisiana, and attending to a case in supreme court of that state, on which occa
It is stated that Smith has sent out a number of hand. some females to preach his doctrine--and convert men into Latter Day Saints.
sion it is stated that he made a very able speech, ook leave of them on the 2d inst. and reached Mobile, where he was received with every demonstration of affection by persons of all political parties. Gov. GAYLE headed the committee of reception and an immense mass of the community, and cordially welcomed Mr. Clay with an appropriate address. A public parade, discharges of artillery, flags hoisted in all directions, &c. &c.
In reply to an invitation from persons of all parties to extend his visit as far as Charleston, S. C., Mr. Clay expressed his regret that pressing personal engagements obliged him to forego the pleasure it would afford him to
STEAMBOAT ITEMS. The Crescent City, with a full cargo of 1.500 bales of cotton, struck a snag near the lower The cotton will be saved without much damage, as also Peach Tree, Alabama river, on the 1st inst, and sunk. about $27,000 in specie that was on board, but some deck passengers and hands were severely scalded by steam pipes breaking by the shock.
THE VETO IN CERTAIN CASES.
MILLERISM. William Miller the founder if not the The legislature of Arphet of this new sect, in a letter to his brother Himes dated Philadelphia, February 4th, 1843, explains his belief to be that the Messiah will again come in person to this earth some time between the 21st March 1843, and kansas recently passed a bill to direct payment of their the 21st March, 1844. He insists that he has never in own per diem in specie. Gov. Yell sent the bill back vetwenty-three years preached any other time, or fixed toed-his objections being, that other officers of govern any specific month, day, or hour, nor even had a mis-inent were compelled to receive current notes and he take in his reckoning up. He states that he owes no man knew not why there should be a distinction in favor of any thing-that he has expended $2,000 of his own in members of the legislature. They were by no means be convinced however, and passed the bill by a constitution COTTON ITEMS. The general estimates of the crop are last twelve years, promulgating what he considered now 2.350,000 bales, viz-New Orleans 1,000,000, Mo-the truth-that he has a wife and eight children, all be- al majority, and his veto notwithstanding. Hampshire, N. Y. bile 500,000, Florida 150,000, and Atlantic borders 700,-lievers in his faith-they live on a small farm in New Mr. M. had very crowded assemblages to listen to him 000 bales. apThe last accounts from India go far to remove the but much confusion occurred, and he left the city. We prehension of the present cotton crop there interfering last week in one of the largest rooms in Philadelphin, materially with ours in Europe. The season was unpro-have strange accounts of the effects of his doctrine upon pitious. The American plan of planting had disappointed their hopes, and was not adapted to their climate and folks to the east.
MEXICO. Orders have been issued, says a letter from Vera Cruiz, dated 25th January, for enlisting 24,000 men in the several departments, to be in readiness by 1st of March for the invasion of Texas, for which extensive preparations are making.
DEATHS during the last week in the city of New York, 136, of which 21 were by consumption. In Philadelphia, 122, of which 44 were under two years of age, and 15 were of consumption.
N. P. WILLIS has become part proprietor of the Brother John, and will hereafter be its sole and permanent editor.
The largest cargo that ever cleared at the Charleston
cupied by their forces. Lemas fled.
RED RIVER. A flood, ten feet higher than that of 1840, and higher than any known to the present inhabi tants, has swept over the banks of this stream and done immense damage. More than a mile of new raft has already been formed by it, obstructing the navigation. Many lives have been lost, and much stock. Between 5 and 600 bales of cotton floated off.
POTOMAC AQUEDUCT. J. J. Abert, colonel of the corps
STOCKS. New York 7's have gone up to 101; New York city 5's 87; Kentucky bonds 87; Ohio 6's 68; Illise-nois bonds 201; Indiana 21 22§.
A N. York paper says, "we copied a paragraph some days since from Thompson's Bank Note Reporter, stat ing that the heavy holders of discredited state stocks were corresponding with each other, collecting the opinions of the ablest lawyers in the country, with a view to citizens, on dishonored state bonds, and that they had sent an agent to England. It is now said in a morning instituting suits against the states, and against individual paper that John A. Parker, formerly president of the
RETRENCHMENT. A committee of the Massachusetts
A bill has passed the legislature of Arkansas, reducing
Bills have been reported in the
THE JEWS. The restoration of the family of Israel seems to be going on, In Hamburg there are said to be 7000 of the tribe. The senate of that city have ad pred a law, allowing an Israelite henceforth to hold real estate and to reside in any part of the republic. Heretofore they were restricted to a certain section.
THE TRIADELPHIA COTTON FACTORY, in Montgomery one hundred persons are thereby thrown out of employ county, Maryland, was burnt down last week. Over ment in the dead of winter.
The American Mediterranean squadron has been removed from its old station, Port Mahon, to Genua, more remote; without, it is said, any apparent equivalent.
FIFTH SERIES.-No. 26.-VOL. XIII.]
[VOL. LXIII.-WHOLE NO. 1,639.
DEBATE ON MISSISSIPPI BONDS.
PRINTED AND published, EVERY SATURDAY, BY JEREMIAH HUGHES, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
CONTENTS OF NO. 26, VOL. 13. FOREIGN AFFAIRS-Great Britain-Premier's remarks on the message of the American president-queen's speech. France-M. Guizot's announcement of adherence to the treaties of 1831 and '33. King's speech. NATIONAL AFFAIRS-appointment-presidential. REMARKS ON STATE DEBTS AND THE DOCTRINE OF AS
The picture of the finances, as shown by the last | jects who were held in captivity, and for whom her maquarter's revenue, had at first excited a feeling of gen-jesty has felt the deepest interest. has been effected. We eral gloom in commercial circles. But the conside-are commanded by her majesty to inform you that it has ration that the operation of the income tax law had not been deemed advisable to continue the occupation but hardly if at all commenced served to alleviate by a military force of the countries to the westward of the Indus." apprehensions, and no serious impression was made upon the stocks; their rise was checked but there was has directed the estimates for the ensuing year to be "Gentlemen of the house of commons-Her majesty no falling off. laid before you.
The packet ship Burgundy arrived at New York on the 19th with Havre dates to the 16th of January; and the steamer Acadia at Boston on the same evening with Liverpool dates to the 4th of February.
The Great Western was to sail from Bristol for N. York, Feb. 11, to touch at Madeira. The Cunard mail packets are officially advertised, for the ensuing three months, to leave Liverpool on the 4th, and Boston on the 1st of each month, in conformity with the
Another fine steamship has been added to the Liverpool, Halifax, and Boston line, called the HiberDia, and to be commanded by captain Judkins, recently of the Columbia. She is 1350 tons burthen,
On the year there is a decreaseIn the customs, of
"Her majesty fears that it must be in part attributed to the reduced consumption of many articles, caused by that depression of the manufacturing industry of the country which has so long prevailed, and which her majesty has so deeply lamented.
"In considering, however, the present state of the revenue, her majesty is assured that you will bear in mind that it has been materially affected by the extensive reductions in the import duties, which received your sanction during the last session of parliament, and that little progress has been hitherto made in the collection of those taxes which were imposed for the purpose of supplying the deficiency from that and other causes.
"Her majesty feels confident that the future produce of the revenue will be sufficient to meet every exigency of the public service. "Her majesty commands us to acquaint you that her majesty derived the utmost gratification from the loyalty and affectionate attachment to her majesty which were manifested on the occasion of her majesty's visit to Scotland. Her majesty regrets that in the course of last year the and has engines of 300 horse power each. Her sa- meeting of parliament having been fixed for Thurs- public peace in some of the manufacturing districts was seriously disturbed, and the lives and property of her majesty's subjects were endangered by tumultuous assem blages and acts of open violence. The ordinary law, sion of these disorders. Her majesty confidently relies promptly enforced, was sufficient for the effectual represupon its efficacy, and upon the zealous support of her loyal and peaceable subjects for the maintenance of tranquility. "We are commanded by her majesty to acquaint you that measures connected with the improvement of the law, and with various questions of domestic policy, will be submitted for your consideration.
Parliament. Previous to the meeting of parliament strong indications had been given out from sources whose opinions were entitled to confidence, that the The East India mail due at London on Feb. 4th ministry were about to bend before the storm of the had not been yet received, and the latest dates from corn law agitation, and had in view some radical mothe east are, Singapore Oct. 20; Canton 4th Oct; Bom-dification which would avert the ultraism of the agibay 1st Dec; Cape 5th Nov; Mauritius 13th Oct.; Cal- tators, and preserve as far as consistent with a wise and moderate change, all the principles of conservatism. These expectations have been futile as yet. The following circular was in the mean while sent to all the supporters of sir Robert Peel's government: "Whitehall, Jan. 4. SIR-I take the liberty of informing you, that the
cutta 18th Nov.
Crown lands, of
There is an increase
In the Post office, of
loon on deck is 40 feet by 19.
The packet ships Ashburton and Stephen Whitney arrived at Liverpool from New York, January 29, the former in 18 and the latter in 15 days, conveying New York papers to the 14th.
The steamer Britannia, which left Boston January 1, arrived at Liverpool on the evening of the 15th, in 14 days and 6 hours. She carried out the news of the mutiny of the Somers, and the packet that of the affair of Monterey, both of which affairs make a conspicuous figure in the London papers. GREAT BRITAIN. Finances. The following exhibit affords the offi-eral peace. cial decrease of the annual revenue.
There is an increase
In the Post office, of
And there is the quarter's pro-
This is the real deficiency in the revenue of the year; but it is reduced by a God-send, as imprest and other moneys, 157,283, and repayment of advances £171,912.
But the quarter exhibits a still more gloomy state
In the customs their is a decrease
THE PAST-THE PRESENT--FOR THE FUTURE.
BALTIMORE, FEBRUARY 25, 1843.
Bank of England. Quarterly Average of the week-
Circulat'n £19,230,000 Securt's, 20,560,000
day, the 2d of February, public business of impor-
THE QUEEN'SPEECH. "My lords and gentlemen.-We are commanded by her majesty to acquaint you that her majesty receives from all princes and states, assurances of a friendly disposition towards this country, and of an earnest desire to "Her majesty confidently relies on your zealous enco-operate with her majesty in the maintenaace of gen-deavor to promote the public welfare, and fervently prays that the favor of Divine Providen: e may direct and prosper your counsels, and make them conducive to the happiness and contentment of the people."
British Corn Laws. Wilmer's News Letter of the 5th February says
"Such reductions have been made in the amount of
the naval and military force as have been deemed compatible, under present circumstances, with the efficient performance of the public service throughout the extended empire of her majesty.
"My lords and gentlemen-Her majesty regrets the diminished receipts from some of the ordinary sources of the
"Her majesty rejoices in the prospect that by the free
"In concert with her allies, her majesty has succeeded
"Her majesty has concluded with the emperor of Rus-
"Her majesty is happy to inform you that complete success has attended the recent military operation in Affghanistan.
The proceedings of parliament, which has just asthe utmost interest, and canvassed with the greatest sembled for the despatch of business, are watched with freedom. A good deal of hope rests upon the belief that the Corn Laws will be repealed; but the general opinion now is that they will not be altered in the slightest degree.
The European Times says that the general opinion which prevailed some time back, that the government were about to adopt a more liberal commercial policy, had received a check within the preceding fortnight. In the house of commons, on the 2nd inst. sir Robert Peel, in the debate on the address, said he did not intend to make any change this session in the provision and corn laws. He still retained, he said, his belief of the superiority of the sliding scale over a fixed duty, but he was not so wedded to any law as to support it when it failed to answer its purpose. All laws were subject to change and must be accommodated to the circumstances of the times. But as far as this session is concerned, he did not intend, and would resist any attempt at altering the corn-law of the last session.
Mr. Villiers gave notice that he would on an early day, move for an inquiry into the present corn laws, with a view to their total and immediate repeal.
The anti-corn law league have been holding meetings, collecting subscriptions, and enforcing their views during the last month in almost every large town throughout the kingdom. On the north side of the Tweed (Scotland) they were enthusiastically received. The "demonstrations" at Edinburgh and Glasgow were excelled by those during the present week at Manchester and Liverpool. In London and the neighborhood, the meetings of the same body have
been numerous and successful.
"Her majesty has the greatest satisfaction in recording
kingdom, exclusive of London, where a large sum is
sailing under the American flag, be really what she, the coast of Africa, for the purpose of suppressing the seems to be. In the admirable desatch of my noble friend, slave trade. We did not accept the detachment of that dated the 20th December, 1841, he wrote thus-"The naval force as an equivalent for any right which we undersigned apprehends, however, that the right of claimed; yet still we thought that for a great country like search is not confined to the verification of the nationali- the United States to take that step with us on the coast y of the vessel, but also extends to the object of the voy-of Africa, although the power of visitation is limited unage, and the nature of the cargo The sole purpose of der the treaty in such case, although we claim no right the British cruisers is to ascertain whether the vessels to visit slavers bona fide American, and the right is to be they meet with are realy American or not. The right assert exercised by vessels of the United States-we thought it, ed has, in truth, no resemblance to the right of search, I say, a step in advance towards the ultimate suppression either in principle or practice. It is simply a right to sa- of the slave trade to accede to the proposition of the U. isfy the party, who has a legitimate interest in knowing States. the truth, that the vessel actually is what her colors announce." I am surprised the United States should conIn the house of commons, the address in reply to test this, considering the many sinal states by which the queen was moved by Viscount Courtney, and se- they are surrounded, and how easily their revenue might conded by Mr. W. P. S. Mills, Mr. C. Wood follow-that a foreign vessel might become exempt from visita be injured if it could once be established as a principle ed, and alluded particularly to the American treaty, tion by hoisting any particular flag. (Hear.) and to the question of search, as it is spoken of in the president's annual message. Sir Robert Peel's reply to that part respecting the treaty with the U. States, (delivered in the house of commons on the first night of the session, Feb. 2), discloses the sore point of British exception to the president's late message, and the chief cause of their furious exas-ing peration manifested against it in all their journals. Whatever, Sir Robert may say, and however he may interpret the treaty, there is but one sentiment in this country on the subject, whether he chooses to call it visit or search, and that is, that every such act done towards an American vessel, is done at the peril of the officer and the responsibility of his government. There is no occasion therefore for any such pretension to assume the importance of being a subject of even discussion, much less of treaty or convention between America and Great Britain.ry Whenever she shall presume to carry the pretension into execution, other than diplomatic arguments will test its validity and settle all cavil.
With such a principle recognised, neither the revenue nor the commerce of the United States could be safe for an instant. But I know that the United States do liber ally exercise the right in the seas adjacent to their own coast; I know that if a Mexican vessel were to hoist the States would not hesitate to exercise the right of exposBritish flag under suspicious circumstances, the United the fraud; and, knowing this, I am the more sur prised at the claim now set up by the president of the United States. Therefore, sir, it will be my duty, in the face of the public, expressing deep regret that there should appear to be any difierence of opinion on this topic. explicitly to declare that we have not waived one the principles contended for by my noble friend (the earl of Aberdeen) in his despatch of December, 1841; and it is further my duty to declare that the despatch has remained to the present hour unanswered by the government of the United States. I know, I think, too well what is the ability and what the keenness of a secretaof state in the United States, to believe that if doc trines so important as those advanced in the despatch could be questioned, it would have been permitted to remain fourteen months unanswered and unacknowledg ed, had it been thought wise to contest those principles.
In the house of lords, the address was moved by the earl of Powis, and seconded by the earl of Eglinton. The marquis of Lansdowne followed, and made some exceptions to parts of the speech, and certain points of ministerial policy. He found fault with the American treaty, in regard both to the boundary, and the question of search. He alluded also in terms of censure to the corn laws of the last session, and to a passage of the speech relating to the affairs of China. The duke of Wellington replied, on all the points, both speakers complimenting in high terms Lord Ashburton, and the duke express ing the opinion that the arrangement he had made was "most satisfactory to the country." Lord Brougham followed, in vindication of the American treaty, which he considered not only satisfactory but of great importance to the interests of the country, and to the interests of mankind at large. He dwelt also at length on the question of search and on the affairs of the east. The earl of Auckland, lord Colchester, lord Ashburton, and several others followed in the debate, which was continued until three o'clock in the morning. The address was agreed and ordered to be printed.
And, sir, with respect to this right of search, that not bell gerent but conventional right which is used by one power for the purposes of humanity, to check the traffic in slaves. I am bound to say that, even on that point, I am surprised at the determination with which the United States refuse that mutual right. (Hear, hear.) I am now speaking of that right of search, which, by the treaties with the great powers of Europe, by treaty with France and other states, is mutually conceded by parties desirous to prevent effectually the traffic in slaves--a right to search vessels belonging to each country which is a party to the treaty, detected in the act of carrying on this trade. For, in the year 1824, a convention, I say, was signed in this country, by Mr. Rush, the minister of the United States, almost at the instigation of America, which professed the u most desire to put an end to the slave trade, A convention, I say, was signed by Mr. Rush, with Mr. Huskisson, which did mutually concede the right of search; that is to say, which enabled vessels of war, of the United States and Great Britain respectively, to exercise, under certain stipulations that very right of search against which such a clamor is now raised in a neighboring country. (Hear, hear, bear.) That treaty was rejected by the senate of the United States, not on the ground of an objection to the right of seach, but because the right of search extended to the coast of America, and the United States objected to the right of search being exercised in the immediate neighborhood of the coast of America, alleging that it was not necessary for the sup: pression of the slave trade. The senate of the United refused to ratify the treaty in consequence of that oniis States omitted the coast of America, and Mr. Canning sion; but if Mr. Canning had allowed the coast of Ame rica to be omitted from the treaty, at this moment a convention authorising the right of search would have been in force with respect to the U. States.
I feel confident that our prosperity will continue with out interruption or obstacle. My relations with foreign powers continue pacific and friendly.
The good intelligence between the different powers has confirmed peace in the east, and brought about in Syria the re establishment of a government adapted to their religious faith and their wishes.
The duke of Wellington gave notice that on the 14th he should submit a motion for the thanks of the house to the naval and military officers and men engaged in the service in China-and on the 16th, a like motion in regard to the officers and troops concerned in the military operations in the East Indias, including the governor general. He stated that in the meantime the papers relating to the transactions in those countries would be laid on the table. Extract from sir Robert Peel's speech on the 2d February. I rejoice that the hon. gentleman has given me an upSir, I hope that those who bave contended with so portunity of making some observations on the late mes- much veheinence in the gislative chamber of France sage of the President of the United States. The sincere against the maintenance of treaties framed in the pure and honest desire I have always entertained for the main-spirit of humanity, and who quote the example of the tenance of a good understanding between this country United States, will refer to that convention, and see that I deplore the troubles which have recently agitated and the United States, and the spirit in which I have ai-the United States themselves were among the first to per Spain. In my relations with the Spanish monarchy, I ways spoken of America, makes it a doubly painful du-mit that conventional right of search. (Loud cries have only had in view the protection of our legitimate ty to me to have to refer to that inessage, which, I am sor- "hear.") There must be some great misunderstanding interest, the observance towards the Queer Isabella II. ry to say, does not give a correct account of the negoti- upon this subject; but considering the importance of of a sincere friendship, and to give to the rights of hu ations relative to the right to visit. Perhaps I may do maintaining this right-a right not peculiar to England-manity, that succor and respect which honors the name right to confirm what the honorable gentleman has said, considering that we are contending for a right which is of France. that there is nothing more distinct than the right of visit is the only security against fraud, against the grossest By taking possession of the Marquesas Islands, I from the right of search Search is a belligerent right, abuses by parties interested in this iniquitous traffic, con- have obtained for our navigators in those distant seas, and is not to be exercised in the time of peace except when sidering that we are now the advocates of a principle a support and a refuge of which the necessity has for a it has been conceded by treaty. The right of search ex- necessary for the interests and security of all maritime long time been felt. tends not only to the vessel, but to the cargo also. The nations-it is my duty to state in the face of the house right of visit is quite distinct from this, though the two are of commons, that the claim to that right of visitation conoften confounded. The right of search, with respect to tended for in the despatch of Lord Aberdeen has not been American vessels, we entirely and utterly disclaim; nay relinquished; that on this subject there was made no conmore, if we knew that an American vessel were furnish- cession whatever, and that to the principles laid down in ed with all the materials requisite for the slave trade-it the despatch of Lord Aberdeen we adhere at this mowe knew that the decks were prepared to receive hun- ment. (Cheers from both sides of the house.) dreds of human beings within a space in which lite is With respect to the treaty which we have entered into almost impossible, sull we should be bound to let that with the United States, in signing that treaty we consiAmerican vessel pass on. But the right we claim, is to der that we have abandoned no right of visitation. We know whether a vessel pretending to be American, and did not understand from the United States that they enhosting the American flag, be bona fide American.tered into that treaty with any engagement from us to [Hear, hear.] Abandon the right to visitation, which is not necessarily We claim the right to know whether a grievous wrong has not been offered to the American flag; to know, for instance, whether a Portuguese or Brazilian schooner,
I have recommended negotiations with different states, which will have the effect of giving vigor to our agricul ture, comme: ce, and industry, and of procuring addition al facilities to our national interests.
The laws on finances and sundry projects of law, intended to produce important improvements in our legis lation and administration, will be immediately presented to you. connected with the question of the slave trade. We Gentlemen, the world is at peace France is free, acthought that it was a step in advance when the United tive and happy. I have had and shall have to my last States professed a readiness to detach a naval force to day, the desire to insure these benefits to my country.
But in acceding to that we have not abandoned our claims the slightest degree, nor did it ever make any part of our intention, during the controversy, to abandon the right to which we lay claim in the despatch I have menourselves, sir, with leaving this fact to become known by tioned. (Hear, hear, bear.) We have not contented a declaration in this house; but since the appearance of the president's message, we have taken an opportunity of intimating to the United States the construction we place on the treaty. (Cheers) I trust, sir, that I have said enough to satisfy the house on this point; I trust, also, that although compelled to avow a material diffe this particular question, I have stated this difference of rence of opinion between the two governments upon opinion with the respect which I wish to maintain to wards the high authorities of the United States. (Hear,
(A despatch from the American minister in London Mr. Everett, in reference to the above speech and dated at London, February 3d, was laid before congress on
the American treaty before the house by a specific mo
bled on the 9th January. The present French minMeeting of the Chambers. The chambers assemistry formed October 29, 1840, is composed as fol. and minister of war; M. Guizot, minister of foreign lows, viz: Marshal Soult, president of the council affairs; M. Martin (du Nord) minister of justice and public worship; Admiral Duperre, minister of marine and colonies; Count Duchatel, minister of the interior; M. Cunin Gridaine, minister of commerce and agriculture: M. Teste, minister of public works; M. Villemain (Peer,) minister of public instruction; M. Lacave Laplagne, minister of finance. The preliminary draughting of the royal address is said to have been entrusted to M. Villemain.
On the 9th January, the king opened the session of the chambers with the following speech
Messieurs the peers and deputies:-The affection and sympathy of France have sustained me. With a heart still bleeding but full of confidence in your devotion, in calling on you myself to resume your labors, I am desi rous of completing now, that which grief compelled me to leave unfinished at the commencement of your last You have already done much for the safety session. and the future fortunes of France. I thank you in her name. Whatever may be the troubles of me and mine, we will devote to her service all that God may give us of strength and of life.
Favored by order and by peace, the national prosperi ty, evinced in the rapid increase of the public revenue, developes itself beyond our most sanguine hopes. The certain predominance of law is the surest pledge of the welfare of all, as the power of the state and the convic ed, render recourse to their severity less frequentiv ne tion generally felt, that the laws will be strictly execut
Thanks to the rsevering efforts of our brave army, our dominion in Algeria becomes every where stable and respected. The vigilance and order of the govern ment will complete the work so gloriously prosecuted by our soldiers.