evening, January 10, 1849. Specially reported. Manchester, Chas. Chorlton. 8vo, pp. 12. Speeches of Richard Cobden, Esq., M.P., on Peace, Financial Reform, Colonial Reform, and other subjects, delivered during 1849. Printed by permission of, and kindly revised by, Mr. Cobden. London, Charles Gilpin. Liverpool, G. Philip & Son. 8vo, PP pp. xii, 252.-The colophon

is. Liverpool:

Williams, Printer, Whitechapel," and the preface, dated 31 De cember, 1849, is signed J. R. W. The speeches included are: Defence of the National Budget (Manchester, January 10); Reduction in National Expenditure (House of Commons, February 26); Burdens of Real Property (House of Commons, March 8); Vindication of Free Trade, Financial Reform, &c. (Wakefield, April 11); Financial Reform (Leeds, April 12); International Arbitration (House of Commons, June 12); Ordnance Estimates (House of Commons, July 18); Russian Intervention in Hungary (London, July 23); Two Speeches at Paris Peace Congress (August 23 and 24); Austrian Loan (London, October 8); London Peace Meeting (October 30); Forty-Shilling Freehold Franchise (Birmingham, November 13, also London, November 26); Revival of Protection, Special Burdens on Land, Financial and Parliamentary Reform, Extension of the Suffrage, and Forty-Shilling Freeholds (Leeds, December 18); Colonial Reform, Extension of the Suffrage, and Forty-Shilling Freeholds (December 20). Letter (December 18, 1848) to the Liverpool Financial Reform Association.


Speech on the Russian Loan, delivered at the London Tavern, January 18. London, 1850. 8vo. 8223. a. 13. 1851.

National Parliamentary and National Reform Association. National Reform Tracts Nos. 21, 22, 23, 24. Proceedings at the Fourth Monthly Soirée of National Reform Association, with the Speeches of Sir J. Walmsley and Richard Cobden. London [1851]. 8vo. 8138. df. 5. (1.) Speech at the Fourth Monthly Soirée of the National Parliamentary and Financial Reform Association, May 26, 1851. London [1851]. 8vo. M.F.L.


How Wars are got up in India. The Origin of the Burmese War. Fourth edition. London, William & Frederick G. Cash, 1853. 8vo, pp. 59. 8022. c. 15.

Report of the Proceedings of the Peace Conference at Edinburgh, October, 1853. With the Speeches of Richard Cobden. London. 8vo. 8425. c. 52. 1793 and 1853, in three letters. Second edition. London, James Ridgway, 1853. 8vo, pp. 140. 8138. c.

New edition, revised, with a preface. London,
Farringdon [printed], 1853. 8vo. 8138. c.

Fourth edition. London, 1853. 8vo. 8026. ee. 8. (3.) Address to the Mechanics' Institution at Barnsley on the Re-opening of the New Lecture Hall, October 25, 1853. In 'British Eloquence of the Nineteenth Century. Literary Addresses. Second Series,' London, 1855 [1854]. 8vo. 1205. b. 12.-There does not appear to have been a

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Letter from Mr. Cobden, M.P., to Henry Ashworth, Esq., upon the Present State of International Maritime Law as affecting the Rights of Belligerents and Neutrals. Manchester, Alex. Ireland & Co., 1862. 8vo, pp. 16. M.F.L. Maritime Law and Belligerent Rights. Speech of Richard Cobden advocating a reform of International Maritime Law, delivered to the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, October 25, 1862. Revised and corrected by the Author. Manchester, A. Ireland & Co. [1862.] 8vo, pp. 33. 6955. bb.

For speech on the Cotton Famine Relief see under


Cobden (R.). The Three Panics, an Historical Episode. Second edition. London, 1862. 8vo, pp. 152. M.F.L.


Third edition. London, Ward & Co., 1862. 8vo, pp. 152. 8026. c. 23.

Fifth edition. London, 1862. Svo. 8138. e. Sixth edition. London, 1862.

Trois Paniques, Episodes de l'Histoire Contemporaine. Traduit de l'Anglais, par Xavier Raymond. Paris, 1862. 8vo. 8138. h.


Speech of Mr. Cobden, on the "Foreign Enlistment Act," in the House of Commons, April 24, 1863. London, 1863. 8vo. 8138. cc.

Second edition. London, 1863. Svo. 8138. b. Third edition. London, 1863. 8vo. S138. b. 1864.

Mr. Cobden and the Times, Correspondence between Mr. Cobden......and Mr. Delane, Editor of the Times, with a Supplementary Correspondence between Mr. Cobden and [Thornton Hunt, writing on behalf of] the Editor of the Daily Telegraph. Manchester, Alex. Ireland & Co., 1864. 8vo, pp. 35. 8138. cc.

For Speech on Government Manufacturing Establishments see under 1869.

For Letter on Land Question, January 22, 1864, see under 1873.

Waugh (Edwin).




Factory Folk during the Cotton Famine. Lon- Parochial Memorials,' 1892, suggests that Home Life of the Lancashire game of bowls." Mr. J. E. Smith, in his 'St. John the Evangelist, Westminster: don, Manchester printed, 1867. 8vo.-Includes Mr. Cobden's speech on the formation of the the change was brought about when the Relief Committee, April 29, 1862. term 'alley' began to have a depreciative meaning." Neither of the authorities just Une Solution Prompte! Congrès ou Guerre: pré-quoted affords any clue to the origin of cédé d'une lettre de Richard Cobden. Paris, Black Dog Alley or the date when it was 1868. 8vo. 8026. g. formed, but doubtless it was of a very Government Manufacturing Establishments. Speech respectable antiquity, and Walcott notes of Richard Cobden in the House of Commons, that the site of it was "Abbot Benson's July 22, 1864, &c. London, 1869. 8vo. 8246. ee. 4. small garden." When mentioning this fact, 1872. he says further that the "hostelry garden, Bishop Berkeley on Money. Being Extracts from where the visitors of the monastery were his celebrated Querist, to which is added Sir entertained, extended over the ground which John Sinclair on the Return to Cash Payments lay between the bowling green and the in 1819, and Mr. Cobden on the Evils of Fluc-river-bank." Stanley, in his 'Memorials of tuation in the Rate of Discount. By James Harvey, Liverpool. London, 1872. 8vo, pp. 40. Westminster Abbey,' reminds us that gardens This contains at p. 38 Cobden's statement abounded about this spot, for at p. 358 before the Parliamentary Committee on Banks he says that "in the adjacent fields were the orchard, the vineyard, and the bowling alley, which have left their traces in Orchard Street, Vine Street, and Bowling Street"; and further still were the abbot's gardens and the monastery gardens, reaching down to the river.

of Issue in 1840.


Mr. Cobden on the Land Question. London, 1873. 8vo. C. T. 355. (7.)-Written by Cobden, January 22, 1864, and published in the Morning Star under the signature of R. S. T. See also the next entry.

Ouvry (Henry Aimé). Stein and his Reforms in Prussia, with reference to the Land Question in England, and an Appendix containing the views of Richard Cobden, and J. S. Mill's Advice to Land Reformers. London, 1873. Svo, pp. xii-195. 8277. b. 66.-This contains the above letter, which was republished in the Daily News and in the Times (January 7, 1873). It deals with the question of primogeniture and the division of the land.

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BLACK DOG ALLEY, WESTMINSTER. THIS insignificant, but ancient thoroughfare has been lately forced into something like notoriety. It is truly so insignificant that very few Westminster people have heard of it, and of those who have done so fewer still could say offhand in what part of the city it was situated. It was, as its name states, an alley or court, shaped like the letter L, one end branching from Great College Street, and the other portion leading into that part of Tufton Street which had been until 1869 known as Bowling Street, but of which a still earlier name had been Bowling Alley, which Walcott tells us was "erected upon the green where the members of the convent amused themselves at the

Dean Benson ruled at the Abbey, as the last of the Abbots and first of the Deans, from 1539 to 1541; but that date cannot be taken as a guarantee of the age of this little court. I have looked at many maps to try to find some particulars about it; but most of them are on so small a scale that it is not shown at all, including a 'New Pocket Map of London,' published by Sayer & Bennet, 1783; Sayer's 'London, Westminster, and Southwark,' 1791; Laurie & Whittle's 'Pocket Map,' 1792; An Entire New Plan of the Cities of London and Westminster,' July 17, 1817; London and Westminster,' published by Faden, of Charing Cross, January, 1818; a map published by Belch, 1820; one by Moggs, 1842; "The British Metropolis,' by Davies, 1842; and Laurie's 'Plan of London, Westminster, and Southwark,' 1843.

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Sir Walter Besant, in 'Westminster,' 1895, at p. 264, tells us that the "excellent map of Richard Newcourt, dated 1658," shows "Great College Street as having no houses, of course, on the side opposite to the wall enclosing the Abbey buildings; therefore it seems safe to assume that Black Dog Alley could not have been in existence at that time, and may probably have been formed when Barton and Cowley Streets, its close neighbours, were projected and built by Barton Booth, the actor (1681-1733), with the growth of " seventeenth and eighteenth century respectability," as the same authority sets forth.

In that portion of the alley leading out of Great College Street there was probably a right of way," as it is not unlikely some of the houses in Barton Street had an outlet at the rear into it.

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There is a very fine map of London in the Westminster City Library, Great Smith Street, described as a Plan of London and Westminster, with the Boro' of Southwark, including the adjacent Suburbs, on which every Dwelling-house is described and numbered. Surveyed and first published by Richard Horwood, 1799." In the edition for 1817 Black Dog Alley is clearly shown as a thoroughfare, as fronting on it are three cottages at the rear of Nos. 5, 6, and 7, Bowling Street, now Tufton Street, and also a building hard by No. 4. The opening is shown on this plan as between Nos. 1 and 2, College Street, and the portion at right angles with this part entered Bowling Street between the houses numbered 4 and 5; but in the case of Great College Street it is known that the numbering of the houses has been changed since that time, as No. 1 has long been at the Millbank end, and it is not unlikely that a change may have been made in the other street-indeed, it must have been so, for this map shows two lots of houses, both starting at No. 1, one continuing to 7, and the other to 10. In Mr. J. E. Smith's Memorials of St. John's,' to which reference has been made, there is a very precise (albeit small) map of the parish, in which Black Dog Alley is marked, though unfortunately the name has been omitted ; but it is well that so useful a book has preserved it for future inquirers.


right of way through its entire length, for, so far as my memory serves, it was a very rare occurrence to find the gate open, and, as a rule, it was not only shut, but locked.

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A notice, dated 21 December, 1903, signed
by "A. W. Mills, of 4, Chancery Lane,
London, solicitor for the applicants
Governors of Westminster School), was, on
or about that date, affixed to both ends of
the alley, to the effect that on
"the 12th day of January next, at 11.15 of the clock
in the forenoon, application will be made to His
Majesty's Justices of the Peace, acting in and for
the St. Margaret's Division in the County of Lon-
don, at a Special Session to be holden at Caxton
Hall, Caxton Street, in the City of Westminster,
in the said county, for an order for discontinuing
and stopping up a certain Court, Alley or Place, in
the parish of St. John the Evangelist, leading from
Great College Street to Tufton Street, and known
as Black Dog Alley."

No opposition was offered at the meeting
before the Justices, and the desired permis-
sion was granted; but it is only within the
last month or two that the place was closed
and its existence was terminated. The work
of erecting additional buildings for West-
minster School is now being pushed forward
at this spot, as was stated 10th S. i. 302. In
passing, I may say that the other portion of
Black Dog Alley, leading from Tufton Street,
had been closed and in part demolished some
years ago, as it had become a veritable slum
and the scene of much that was, in every
way, objectionable.


DESCENDANTS OF MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS. There was at the end facing Great College-It may be of interest to note that the Street, and behind the Barton Street houses, descendants of Mary Stuart, who, living a small building which in its time had three centuries ago, left but one child, are played many parts. It was entered up two now to be found in, I believe, every Court in steps through a door in the wall, and had Europe with the exception of Turkey and been the home of a singing class, a dancing Servia: in England the King, Queen, and academy (kept, years ago, by Mr. North- Prince and Princess of Wales; Russia, the over, who lived at the corner of Great Emperor, Empress, and Empress-mother; and Little Smith Streets), and afterwards the German Emperor and Empress; the a volunteer drill hall. Still later it was a Austrian Emperor and heir-apparent; the printing office, where the type-setting was exiled French royal family; the King and done by female labour. heir-apparent of the Belgians; the Queen and Queen-mother of Holland; the Queen, Crown Prince, and Crown Princess of Sweden; the King, Crown Prince, and Crown Princess of Denmark; the King, Queen, and Queenmother of Portugal; Queen Isabella of Spain, Queen Christina, and Alfonso XIII.; the King and Queen-Dowager of Italy; the Queen of Naples; the King, Queen, Crown Prince, and Crown Princess of Greece; the Queen of Roumania; the wife of the heir-apparent of

While the section of Black Dog Alley entered from Great College Street was open to the sky, the entrance from Tufton Street was by an archway on the ground level of the houses, and closed by a gate, as may be seen by an illustration at p. 289 of Sir Walter Besant's Westminster.' The fact that one end was closed by a gate (which I remember being so for many years) would seem to militate against there having been a


Montenegro; the King of Bavaria, and the future Queen, whom the Order of the White Rose consider our English sovereign, Mary IV.; the King and Queen of Würtemberg; the King of Saxony; and, with hardly an exception, the minor German houses.

those of the Byzantine empire; and the con-
flicting claims of the two composers were
celebrated in a well-known epigram, "which
has been commonly attributed to Swift, but
which was in reality written by Byrom" (vol. i.
p. 532). He then in a note quotes it thus :-
Some say that Signor Bononcini
Compared to Handel is a ninny;
Others aver that to him Handel
Is scarcely fit to hold a candle.
Strange that such difference should be
'Twixt tweedledum and tweedledee.
This is inaccurate. What John Byrom
wrote in his 'Miscellaneous Poems,' vol. i.
P. 343, is as follows:—

Some say, compar'd to Bononcini,
That Mynheer Handel's but a Ninny;
Others aver, that he to Handel

Is scarcely fit to hold a Candle:
Strange all this Difference should be,
"Twixt Tweedle-dum and Tweedle-dee!

writer as Lecky did not verify his quotation. HARRY B. POLAND.

Inner Temple.

From Queen Mary have descended fourteen sovereigns of England, and two queensconsort; six kings, two queens, and an empress of France; six emperors of Austria, and at least two empresses; five kings of Prussia, two queens, three German emperors, and two empresses; an emperor and empress of Brazil; an empress of Mexico; three emperors and three empresses of Russia; three kings and four queens of Denmark; two kings and three queens of Holland; one king and two queens of the Belgians; five kings and seven queens of Spain; besides kings and consorts of Sardinia, Naples, Bavaria, Würtemberg, and Saxony. It is certainly strange that so accurate a Could Queen Elizabeth's shade be cognizant of this record, she might even more bitterly than before feel the contrast between herself -Я "barren stock"-and the fair and illfated progenitrix of the greatest sovereigns 'THE MOST IMPUDENT MAN LIVING.'of Europe for the last three centuries. If we According to Lowndes, David Mallet was exclude morganatic and illegitimate descents the writer of the pamphlet which assigned -which would swell the list to thousands-supremacy in shamelessness to Bishop Warthe royal descendants of Mary Stuart at the burton. On the other hand, the production present time still number something like four was freely attributed to Bolingbroke by his hundred persons. When we consider how contemporaries, and it is still sometimes said many large families utterly disappear in a to be his. In the monograph on Pope which few generations, these facts seem remark- he contributed to "English Men of Letters," able. HELGA. Sir Leslie Stephen, curiously enough, credits both writers with the critical assault. Speaking of Warburton, chap. vii. p. 177, he says that his multifarious reading made him conspicuous, "helped by great energy, and by a quality which gave some plausibility to the title bestowed on him by Mallet, the most impudent man living."" Again, on the subject of the dispute regarding the publication of "The Patriot King,' chap. ix. p. 209, Stephen writes, A savage controversy followed, which survives only in the title of one of Bolingbroke's pamphlets, 'A Living,' a transparent paraphrase for WarFamiliar Epistle to the Most Impudent Man invented the descriptive nickname, and that burton.' It may be, of course, that Mallet Bolingbroke found it serviceable for his controversial purpose. THOMAS BAyne.

CARDINAL BARTOLOMMEO GIUDICCIONI. Moroni, in his Dizionario Ecclesiastico,' makes a mistake as to his cardinalitial title. He was Cardinal-deacon of the title of S. Cesareo from 28 January, 1540, to 24 September, 1542, and Cardinal-priest of the title of S. Prisca from 24 September, 1542, to his death on 28 August, 1549. His tomb in the north transept of Lucca Cathedral has the utterly un-Christian motto :—

Θάνατος ἀθάνατος, τὰ λοιπὰ θνητά. This looks like a reminiscence of the quotation from the Γυναικοκρατία of Amphis preserved in Athenæus, viii. 336 c. (reading Porson's emendation in the second line) :πῖνε, παῖζε· θνητὸς ὁ βίος, ὄλιγος οὔπι γῇ χρόνος ὁ θάνατος δ ̓ ἀθάνατός ἐστιν, ἂν ἅπαξ τις ἀποθάνῃ.

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"THE BEATIFIC VISION." (See 9th S. ix. 509; x. 95, 177, 355, 436; xi. 236.)-I believe that Lecky the true genesis of this phrase is to be found in his 'History of England' says that the in Plato, Phædrus,' 250 B, where Socrates rivalry between Handel and Bononcini says: Κάλλος δὲ τοτ ̓ ἣν ἰδεῖν λαμπρόν, ὅτε divided society into factions almost like σὺν εὐδαίμονι χορῷ μακαρίαν ὄψιν τε καὶ θέαν,

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ἑπόμενοι μετὰ μὲν Διὸς ἡμεῖς, ἄλλοι δὲ μετ'
ἄλλου θεῶν, εἶδόν τε καὶ ἐτελοῦντο τῶν τελετῶν
ἣν θέμις λέγειν μακαριωτάτην, κ.τ.λ.
then we beheld the beatific vision "is Jowett's
appropriate rendering.

Trinity College, Melbourne University.


We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them


"GO ANYWHERE AND DO ANYTHING.”—If my memory serve me truly, this phrase was made somewhat famous by its application to the Flying Squadron a few years ago, and I then supposed it to be a somewhat happy phrase coined for the occasion by Mr. Goschen. I find the same words in Froude's 'Cæsar,' chap. vii., where, speaking of the Roman soldiers, he says, "They were ready to go anywhere and do anything for Sylla." There are the same words in Younghusband's "Heart of a Continent,' chap. i.: "The magnificent health and strength which came therewith inspired the feeling of being able to go anywhere and do anything that it was in the power of man to do." Froude's work was published in 1879, Younghusband's some years later. Neither author uses quotation marks. Are the words a quotation? or can they be found in any earlier writers?

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[S. R. Gardiner says in chap. liv. of his Student's History': "In 1814 a large number of the soldiers from the late Peninsular army-an army which, according to Wellington, could go anywhere and do anything-were sent out to America." A quotation in the Athenæum of 25 June from Gleig's Personal Reminiscences of the Duke of Wellington' is to the effect that Wellington "stated in his evidence before a Parliamentary Committee that it [his army] was the most perfect machine ever put together, and that with it he could go anywhere and do anything."]

CROQUET OR TRICQUET.-In the exhibition of “Les Primitifs Français,” now open in the Pavillon de Marsan in the Louvre, there is a tapestry of the sixteenth century representing, according to the Catalogue, "le jeu de Tricquet." Two women, in short skirts, and two men stand in an oblong court, enclosed The players on two sides by a wattled fence. have clubs with heads on one side only of the handle. One player is in the act of setting a peg on the ground. There is one hoop, in shape like the hoops of the sixties, but made of wood. There is a photographic reproduction of the tapestry in the General Catalogue of the Exhibition, where it is "Tenture numbered 286, and is entered as Atelier de Tours. de Gombaut et Macée. Appartient à M. Fenaille." I should be glad of information about the game "tricquet," or-the word is not in Littré-is “tricquet F. R. P. a misprint? [Cf. in Littré' Triquet.'] 'PAISLEY ANNUAL MISCELLANY.'-Can any one give me information about the 'Paisley Annual Miscellany,' 1612? It is referred to by Eyre-Todd in his Scottish Poetry_of_the Seventeenth Century.'


J. S.

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KING OF SWEDEN ON THE BALANCE OF POWER.-In John Wesley's 'Journal' (20 Sept., 1790) is this remark :

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"I read over the King of Sweden's tract upon the Balance of Power in Europe. If it be really his, he is certainly one of the most sensible, as well as one of the bravest, Princes in Europe; and if his account be true, what a woman is the Czarina!"

I should be glad to have the correct title of this tract. If not by the King of Sweden, who is supposed to have been the author of it? Has it been translated into English? F. M. J. Where can it be found?

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"BIRDS OF A FEATHER FLOCK TOGETHER. Can any one give the first use of this proverb D. M. in English?

[Minsheu, 1599, has: "Birdes of a feather will flocke togither " ( N.E.D.,' s.v. 'Feather').]

SWETT FAMILY.-John Swett was a con"THE GOSPEL OF GOD'S ANOINTED.'-I am siderable landowner in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1630, and his descendants now live in very desirous of any aid that could kindly be given me to learn something about the Washington. I desire, if possible, to trace author of a remarkably intelligent transthe connexion between him and the well-lation of the New Testament, entitled 'The known family of the same name in Devonshire. Richard Swett was bailiff of Exeter in 1590, and may have been father or uncle of the John Swett of Salem. Any information as to the origin, or English ancestry, of John will much oblige.



Gospel of God's Anointed,' &c. Darling assigns the authorship to Alexander Greaves, whose name appears as that of the publisher. CHARLES H. GROVES, M.D.

36, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh.

QUOTATION IN RUSKIN.-Can any of your readers tell me to whom Ruskin refers in the

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