Passive and Perspective
Rodopi, 1997 - 295 pagina's
The passive construction in Dutch represents a long-standing problem both in linguistics and in written communications. This book proposes a new analysis of the passive in Dutch, integrating insights from theoretical (especially cognitive) linguistics and rhetoric/composition. The point of departure is the observation that the Dutch passive has a demonstrable perspective effect in texts: the passive discourages identification with the agent, and this in fact is the meaning of the Dutch passive construction. This meaning forms the basis for a solution to a number of text problems, including the problem of how to best use the passive in computer manuals.
We can also understand the passive's role in specific texts. For example, it becomes clear why policy paper writers use so many passives. Finally, in one of the case studies it is shown why passives were used differently in the NRC Handelsblad, a Rotterdam daily newspaper, and in the Parool, from Amsterdam, when they both reported that Ajax, Amsterdam's football team, became the national soccer champion.
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The whole is more than the sum of its parts
Door and its causers
The passive in three types of text
percolation with passives of Ppredicates
actions active agent active clauses active counterpart Ajax alternation principle analysis animacy argued argumentative basis causal participant central cognitive grammar cognitive linguistics combination computer manuals conceptualization context corpus studies direct speech discourse function discussed door door-phrase door's landmark Dutch passive empathy English entity event example family resemblance structure figure final functionalists grammar Het Parool hypothesis identified impersonal passives implicit causer inanimate inchoative indicates instruments intermediary interpretation Langacker language user maar Michael Stipe Middle Dutch negatively evaluated niet notion Onrust overt causer Parool passive causer passive construction passive P-predicate passive's meaning passives of zeggen passivizability patient percolation policy papers polyphony possible predicate preposition present problems prototypical raken reader reasons relation responsibility Rob Alflen role schema semantic sentence speaker standpoint stative subcategory terecht theory topic trajector transitive verbs transitivity Utrecht University verbs Verhagen warden warden+pp wardt werd wordt zijn
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