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was expected. The Deputies, when he reached it, had already invited the present King to Paris–M. Thiers, who said " Les plus prompts aujourd'hui seront les plus habiles," had already been to Neuilly, and succeeded in obtaining from Mademoiselle Adélaide the promise that she, at all events (the Duc d'Orleans was not to be found), would appear, if necessary, on her brother's behalf-when M. de Sussy arrived, then, the die was cast; and the Chamber refused to acknowledge the sovereign on whose behalf he appeared.' Lafayette and the provisional government treated bis mission with still greater direspect; and such was the feeling at the Hôtel de Ville, that M. de Puyraveau, who read the papers that M. de Sussy presented, said in answer, , “ That the French were determined not to have another royal master, and that a republic was better than the government called a constitutional one.”

Agitated by different rumours-hearing of embassies from St. Cloud, meetings at M. Laffitte's and at the Chamber, conferences at the Hôtel de Ville—the people, always suspicious, began to murmur—to inutter together in small groups—to speak of treason. An event was only wanting to awaken into a more terrible force those popular elements of trouble which it was so necessary to lull speedily to repose.* Celerity was every thing, inaction was the utmost danger; not a moment was to be lost; the Chamber sent a deputation to Neuilly with the offer of the Lieutenance Générale.' It was at night, at the gate of his park,t by the pale and flickering light of a torch, that the Duc d'Orléans read the communication so important to his family and to France. He saw the crisis - he saw that the time, long perchance looked forward to, was arrived; he lost not an instant : he set off immediately, and on foot, to Paris. Nor were bis partisans idle. On all the walls you might have read:-“Charles ne se croit pas

· It was attempted to quiet them by a proclamation, and a proclamation now appeared, in which the Parisians were called demi-gods and heroes;“ Vive la France ! vive le peuple de Paris! vive la liberté !" said the provisional government, and the people were less dissatisfied than before. In this proclamation Charles X. was, for the first time, declared to have lost his throne; and M. Périer refused to sign it, because it contained, as he conceived, an act of authority beyond the power with which the provisional or municipal government were endowed. He bad returned to Neuilly.

vaincu." “ Le Duc de Chartres marche au secours de Paris avec son régiment.” “La république nous brouillerait avec l'Europe.” “Le Duc d'Orléans était à Jemmapes.” “Le Duc d'Orléans est un roi citoyen,” &c.

Such was the state of things at Paris; agitation with the people, indecision with the republicans, neither courage, energy, nor good fortune with the royalists; and amidst all surrounding doubts, difficulties, and fears, to the empty throne the faction Orléans wound itself ably and rapidly along. The advice of Marshal Marmont to the King at St. Cloud was, “ Take your troops to the Loire; they will there be beyond the reach of disaffection; summon the chambers and the corps diplomatique to your place of residence; take these measures immediately; your throne is yet secure!" The King hesitated —the troops deserted. The few moments that should have been spent in adopting some energetic line of conduct, were wasted in a violent dispute between the Dauphin and the Duc de Raguse. There was no hope where there was no union, no conduct, no courage.

We arrived at the 31st.

The succeeding events of the revolution are rapid in their succession. At twelve o'clock, the Duc d'Orléans, with some affected coyness, accepts the Lieutenance Générale. The chamber assembled at one, receives his Royal Highness's answer, and publishes a declaration of its proceedings.t Almost

The Duc de Raguse published an order of the day to the troops, which, by inadvertence, he had not shown to the Duc d'Angoulème. This order, moreover, was contrary to the Dauphin's opinions. He was furious, rushed upon the Duc de Raguse, and even wounded himself in wresting his sword from the Marshal's side. Charles X. succeeded in procuring mutual apologies; but such a quarrel at such a moment inspired mistrust among all parties, and filled up the fatality of the unfortunate King's fortunes.

+ “La France est libre : le pouvoir absolu levait son drapeau; l'héroïque population de Paris l'a abattu. Paris attaqué a fait triompher par les armes la cause sacrée qui venait de triompher en vain dans les élections. Un pouvoir usurpateur de nos droits, perturbateur de notre repos, menaçait à la fois la liberté et l'ordre : nous rentrons en possession de l'ordre et de la liberté. Plus de crainte pour les droits acquis, plus de barrière entre nous et les droits qui nous manquent encore.

“Un gouvernement qui, sans délai, nous garantisse ces biens, est aujourd'hui le premier besoin de la patrie. Français, ceux de vos Députés qui se trouvent déjà à Paris se sont réunis, et, en attendant l'intervention régulière des Chambres , ils ont invité un Français qui n'a jamais combattu que pour la

immediately after this, the new Lieutenant - General, on horseback, with no guards, escorted by the Deputies, visited the Hôted de Ville. The crowds who lined his passage were cold, doubtful, and, as it were, embarassed. They felt they had not been consulted—they did not know whether they had been deceived. All eyes were turned upon the Hôtel de Ville -great was its power at that moment, and solemn was the pause when Lafayette--the picture of that venerable man, the arbiter of the troubled hour, whom Virgil has so beautifully described—his aged head crowned with the character of seventy years--appeared on the same balcony where he had been so eonspienous nearly half a century before, waving in one hand the flag of the old republic, and presenting in the other the candidate for the new monarchy. Then, and not till then, burst out the loud, hearty, and long-resounding shouts of a joyous and trusting people; then, and not till then, the nation that had been fighting for its liberties, and the party that had been plotting for their Prince, understood one another, and felt that their common object was to be found in their common union. It is useless to dwell on the conversations wbich are stated to have taken place on this day, and which have been so frequently recounted and disputed. Their word

France, M. le Duc d'Orléans, à exercer les fonctions de Lieutenant-Général du royaume. C'est à leurs yeux le plus sûr moyen d'accomplir promptement par la paix le succès de la plus légitime défense.

“ Le Duc d'Orléans est dévoué à la sause nationale et constitutionnelle. Il en a toujours défendu les intérêts et professé les principes. Il respectera nos droits, car il tiendra de nous les siens. Nous nous assurons par les lois toutes les garanties nécessaires pour rendre la liberté forte et durable :

“ Le rétablissement de la garde nationale, avec l'intervention des gardes nationaux dans le choix des officiers ;

“L'intervention des citoyens dans la formation des administrations départementales et municipales ;

“Le jury pour les délits de la presse; la responsabilité légalement organisée des ministres et des agens secondaires de l'administration ;

“L'état des militaires légalement assuré ;
“La réélection des Députés promus à des fonctions publiques.

“Nous donnerons enfin à nos institutions, de concert avec le chef de l'état, les développemens dont elles ont besoin.

“Français, le Duc d'Orléans lui-même a déjà parlé, et son langage est celui qui convient à un pays libre : ‘Les Chambres vont se réunir, nous dit-il; 'elles aviseront aux moyens d'assurer le règne des lois et le maintien des droits de la nation.' “ La Charte sera désormais une vérité."

churches open,

the

ing is of little import; their spirit could not be very different from the proclamation published at the same period, and which said nearly all that the wildest demagogues could desire. But who wants to know that in a moment of popular triumph the parties investing themselves with power must have made popular professions ?

The provisional Government was now superseded by the Lieutenant-General. We are come to the 1st of August; it was a Sunday. The weather was beautiful; the streets were crowded with that idle populace so peculiarly Parisian—the

quays thronged, and the people dancingand every where you saw the national colours-every where

* CONVERSATION OF M. LAFAYETTE AND Louis PHILIPPE.-—"Vous savez, lui dis-je, que je suis républicain, et que je regarde la constitution des ÉtatsUnis comme la plus parfaite qui ait jamais existé."-"Je pense comme vous, répondit le Duc d'Orléans; il est impossible d'avoir passé deux ans en Amérique, et de n'être pas de cet avis; mais croyez-vous, dans la situation de la France, et d'après l'opinion générale, qu'il nous convienne de l'adopter ?"“Non, lui dis-je ; ce qu'il faut aujourd'hui au peuple français, c'est un trône populaire entouré d'institutions républicaines, tout-à-fait républicaines.”— “C'est bien ainsi que je l'entends," repartit le Prince.

PROCLAMATION OF GENERAL LAFAYETTE.—“La réunion des Députés actuellement à Paris vient de communiquer au Général en chef la résolution qui, dans l'urgence des circonstances, a nommé M. le Duc d'Orléans LieutenantGénéral du royaume. Dans trois jours la Chambre sera en séance régulière, conformément au mandat de ses commettans, pour s'occuper de ses devoirs patriotiques, rendus plus importans et plus étendus encore par le glorieux événement qui vient de faire rentrer le peuple français dans la plénitude de ses imprescriptibles droits. Honneur à la population parisienne!

“C'est alors que les représentans des colléges électoraux, honorés de l'assentiment de la France entière, sauront assurer à la patrie, préalablement aux considérations et aux formes secondaðres de gouvernement, toutes les garanties de liberté, d'égalité et d'ordre public, que réclament la nature souveraine de nos droits et la ferme volonté du peuple français.

“Déjà sous le gouvernement d'origine et d'influences étrangères qui vient de cesser, grâce à l'héroïque, rapide et populaire effort d'une juste résistance à l'aggression contre-révolutionnaire, il était reconnu que, dans la session actuelle, les demandes du rétablissement d'administrations électives, communales et départementales, la formation des gardes nationales de France sur les bases de la loi de 91, l'extension de l'application au jury, les questions relatives à la loi électorale, la liberté de l'enseignement, la responsabilité, devaient etre des objets de discussion législative, préalables à tout vote de subsides ; à combien plus forte raison ces garanties et toutes celles que la liberté et l'égalité peuvent réclamer doivent-elles précéder la concession des pouvoirs définitifs que la France jugerait à propos de conférer ! En attendant, elle sait que le Lieutenant-Général du royaume, appelé par la Chambre, fut un des jeunes patriotes de 89, un des premiers généraux qui firent triompher le drapeau tricolore. Liberté, égalité et ordre public, fut toujours ma devise ; je lui serai fidèle."

you heard the notes of the too famous " ça ira" swelling the soft breezes of a luxurious summer evening and all Paris seemed one large family.

“Men met each other with erected look,

The steps were higher which they took,
Friends to congratulate their friends made haste,
And long inveterate foes saluted as they past."

DRYDEN's Threnod. Aug.

The 1st of August' was a day of rest, a day of Jubilee. On the 2nd of August came the abdication of Charles the Tenth and of the Dauphin. On the 3rd the Chambers met, and the Lieutenant-General opened them with a speech. On the 4th the Chamber of Deputies verified the powers of its members, and the Chamber of Peers, which had hitherto kept aloof, nominuted a commision to reply to the opening speech of the the Lieutenant-General. On the 6th, M. C. Périer was named President of the Lower Chamber, and a commission was appointed to consider M. Bérard's proposition for a modification of the Charta. On the 7th the Duc d'Orléans was invited by the two Chambers to assume the crown upon

such conditions as the alterations in the Charta, that had been agreed to, then prescribed.

“ I receive with profound emotion the offer which you present to me. I regard it as the expression of the national will, and it seems to me conformable to the political principles which I have expressed all my life. Still, filled with those recollections which have always made me shrink from the idea of ascending a throne,-free from ambition, and accustomed to the peaceful life which I have passed in my family-I cannot conceal from you the sentiments which agitate me at this great conjuncture. But there is one sentiment predominating over every other—it is the love of my country. I feel what that sentiment prescribes, and I shall fulfil its commands."

This was the Prince's answer; and on the 9th, amidst peals of cannon, and the loud chant of the Marseillaise, the French people accepted Louis Philippe as King of the French, while the Bey of Titeri was vowing allegiance to Charles the Tenth, “the great and the victorious."

On the 16th of August this unfortunate monarch embarked

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