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No Peer can be arrested but by order of the Chamber, and be judged by the same in criminal matters.
The Chamber of Deputies to be elected by the electoral colleges, which shall be organised according to the law.
Each department to have the same number of Deputies that it has had until the present time.—(Suppressed.)
If, nevertheless, there should not
if, nevertheless, there should not be found in the department fifty in- be found in the department fifty individuals of the prescribed age and dividuals of the prescribed age and paying direct taxes of 1000 fr. their eligibility, according to law, their number may be completed by the next number may be completed by the next highest taxed below the 1000 francs, highest taxed below them, &c. and these can be elected with the concurrence of the first.
Half at least of the Deputies to be chosen from among the eligibles, who bave their political dwelling in the department. XLIII.
XXXVII. The president of the Chamber of The President of the Chamber of Deputies to be chosen by the King Deputies to be elected by the Chamber from a list of five members presented at the commencement of each session. by the Chamber.
* The Chamber sits seven years, unless dissolved by the King;-Law of the 9th of June, 1824
The sittings of the Chamber shall be public ; but the demand of five members suffices to form it into a secret committee.
The Chamber divides itself into sections, in order to discuss the propositions made by the King.
No alteration can be made in a law, if such has not been proposed or agreed to by the King, and if it has not been sent to and discussed by the sections.(Suppressed.)
The Chamber of Deputies receives all proposals for taxes; it is not until they have been passed that they can be carried to the Chamber of Peers.(Suppressed.)
XLVII. No tax can be imposed or enforced without the consent of both the Chambers and the sanction of the King.
The manorial tax is to be granted only for a year. Indirect taxes can be imposed for several years.
The King convokes the Chambers every year; he prorogues them, and can dissolve the Chamber of Deputies; but in such a case he must call another within the space of three months.
A member of the Chamber cannot be arrested during the sittings or six weeks before and after the sittings,
A member of the Chamber cannot be arrested for any criminal offence during the sittings, unless it be of a flagrant nature, and then only with the consent of the Chamber. .
Any petition to either of the Chambers must be made in and presented in writing; the law forbids any petition being presented personally at the bar of the Chamber.
Ministers can be members of either Chamber; they have the right to enter both the Chambers, and be heard when they demand it.
The Chamber of Deputies has the right to impeach the ministers, and to have them tried by the Chamber of Peers, which alone has the privilege of judging.
They can only be impeached for high treason or embezzlement. Special laws are provided for the prosecution of such crimes.-(Suppressed.)
(Articles lvit. to LXIJ. of the Old the same as Articles XLVII. to bol. in the New Charta.)
There cannot, consequently, be ap
There cannot, in consequence, be pointed any commissions and “tri- appointed any special commissions or bunaux extraordinaires. But the special sittings of Courts of Law, naming of the provost's jurisdiction under any title or pretence whatever. is not included under this denomination-if their re-establishement is deemed necessary.
(Articles lxiv. to Lxxb. of the Old the same as Articles lv. to Lim, in the New Charta.)
The Colonies to be governed by special laws and regulations.
The King and his successors at their coronation shall swear faithfully to observe the present constitutional charta.
The King and his successors on their accession shall swear before the united Chambers to observe faithfully the constitutional Charta.
The Deputies of France, after a dissolution, to retain their seats until they are replaced.- Suppressed.)
The first renewal of a fifteenth of the Chamber to date not earlier than the year 1816.--(Suppressed.)
The following belong to the New Charta only.
The present Charta and its privileges are confided to the patriotism and courage of the national guards, and the citizens of France.
France réassumes her colours, and for the future no other cockade shall be worn than the tri-coloured cockade.
All appointments and creation of Peers made during the reign of Charles X. declared to be null and void.
Separate laws, to be provided for the following objects with as little delay as possible :
1. Use of Jury to crimes of the press, and political offences. 2. The responsibility of ministers and other agents of power. 3. The re-election of Deputies and public functionaries who receive salaries 4. Annual vote for the contingencies of the army.
5. Organisation of the national guards, with the intervention of the said guards in the choice of their officers.
6. Arrangements which shall establish by law the state of officers of all ranks in the army and the navy.
7. Municipal and provincial institutions founded on an elective system. 8. Public instruction, and liberty to teach,
9. Abolition of the double vote, and fixing conditions as to election and eligib:lity.
All laws and ordonnances contrary to the present reform of the Charta, are declared to be null and void.
Page 236. Mr. T. Dehay, in his list of cities and towns in France (those of the department of the Seine excepted), gives—195 cities and towns possessing public libraries, containing between two to three millions of volumes, which, for a population of 32,000,000 souls, gives a proportion of one volume to every fifteen inhabitants. Paris, on the contrary, as I have said, bas nine public librairies, containing 1,378,000 volumes, or three volumes to every two inhabitants, the capital containing 771,000 souls.
The number of works published in 1833, may be thus divided !
Poems, songs, incidental pieces, and irregular verse, 275.-Science, medicine, law, natural history in all its varieties, political economy, 532.—Novels, tales, translated novels, fabulous legends and traditions, works of imagination, 355.- History, facts, private and local narratives, disputations, sketches of history, 213.-Philosophy, metaphysics, morals, theories, 102.—Fine arts, travels and voyages, 170.—Devotion, theology, mystical history, 235.-Theatre: pieces in verse and prose, performed or not performed, 179.–Foreign works, 604; Greek, Latin, &c.—Lastly, pamphlets, libels, prospectuses, legal claims, pleadings, speeches, flights of fancy, unstamped publications, 4346.—Total number of works published, 7011.
There are in Paris seventy-six newspapers and periodicals connected with literature; and in this number are not included the manuals published by the different professions. LIST OF THE VARIOUS LITERARY ESTABLISHMENTS IN PARIS HAVING FOR THEIR
OBJECT THE DIFFUSION OF KNOWLEDGE OF SEVERAL KINDS
Bibliothèques.—Royale; de l'Arsenal; Mazarine ; Sainte-Geneviève; de la Ville de Paris; de l'Institut; de l'Ecole de Médecine; du Jardin; de l'Université.
Muséum, d'Ilistoire naturelle; Jardin des plantes ; Composition des Tableaux et Dessins; au Louvre pour les auteurs décédés; au Luxembourg pour les auteurs vivans.
Musées, des Antiques; de l'Artillerie; Cours d'Archéologie; Conservatoire de Musique; Société des Amis des Arts.
Ecoles, des langues Orientales vivantes, annexée au Collége par Louis-leGrand; des Chartes; Polytechnique; Militaire; spéciale de Pharmacie; des Longitudes; de Théologie; de Droit ; de Médecine; des Sciences et des Lettres ; Normale (for the instruction of professors); des Mines; des Ponts et Chaussées ; de Peinture; de Dessin ; d'Architecture; de Natation ; d'Equitation; trois spéciales du Commerce; centrale des Arts et Manufactures ; de Commerce et des Arts industriels ; Académie Royale de Médecine.
Colléges. --Britannique, Irlandais, Ecossais et Anglais (founded in Paris for young Catholics of the three kingdoms, who wish to be educated in France); de France; Bourbon, 700 in-door pupils; Charlemagne, 8 to 900 out-door pupils ; Henry IV., 772 in and out-door pupils ; Louis-le-Grand, 924 in and out-door pupils ; Saint-Louis, in and out-door pupils ; 750 de l'Industrie; Stanislas et Rollin, 550 in-door pupils (both of these are private); Concours d'Aggrégation (no one can be appointed a Professor to any Royal College without having first obtained the title of “Aggrége” at the Concours); Cours Normal.