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IMPRIMERIE.-Tableau systématique des Ouvrages qui ont éte' imprimés en France pendant
l'année 1824, et dont une tre's-grande partie sori des Presses de la ville de Paris.
Encyclopédie, philosophie, logique, métaphysiqne, piorale.
GEN 1--03-0 లాలు అనే
Nota. Le recueil précédent donne des renseignemens généraux sur le commerce de l'imprimerie dans la ville de Paris, et sur les produits
moyens d'une année pour cette branche d'industrie. Census of Paris.
In 714,000 inhabitants, there are 446,300 men, and 267, 700 women. 340 high public functionaries.—70,000 national guards.-490 persons in the law.-1140 members of the Institut and the University.-18,460 clerks47,000 studenis.- 19,000 soldiers in garrison.—77,200 inscribed indigent poor, but the office of charity relieves nearly 90,000.-80,000 servants.-266,000 living on their incomes.—290,800 day labourers.--13,700 sick, infirm, or old, in the hospitals.—12,160 foundlings.-12 parishes.—27 chapels of ease.38 religious establishments.—2 basilics.—19 libraries.—!3 royal schools.9 royal colleges.—269 pensioners of both sexes.--26 theatres.—81 barracks. 10 prisons.—16 gates.-41 markets.—4 aqueducts.—210 fountains.—3,900 grocers,-600 bakers.—2,000 wine shops.-9 cemeteries.—12 mayoralties, forming twelve divisions.— 18 wards.—1,190 streets.-120 blind alleys.13 enclosures.—130 arcades.—73 squares.-33 quays.—20 bridges.-98 tollhouses.—23 boulevards.—8 palaces.
The annual expenditure of Paris is estimated at 894,032,893 francs, equsi to about 36,000,0001. which on a population of 875,000 gives an average of about 1,120 frs, a head; and this division forms the basis for that calculation I have given from M. Millot. The annual consumption of food and drink in Paris is about 12,349,8001., giving each individual for his sbare 141. Is. Ild.
EXTRACTED PROM DR. BOWRING'S VERY INTERESTING REPORT.
Questions of the British Commissioners concerning the Workmen of Paris. 1. What has the fall in salaries or wages been during the last five years?
2. How many days in the week do workmen, in general, labour ? and how many hours in the day?
3. In what trades is it customary to take apprentices ?
Answers given by an intelligent Parisian Workman.
1. The fall in prices was but immaterial during the three years preceding the Revolution; it has only been important since that epoch, and has even yet much affected only trades of luxury,—such as jewellery, carving, gilding, cabinet-work, engraving on gems, watch and clock-making, coach-making, &c. In these trades the fall has been from 1 fr. to 3 fr. par day; in others it has been from 50 c. to 1 fr., and in some, but a small number it is true, no fall has taken place.
2. In general,* workmen labour all the week, and in some trades even half the Sunday. About one-eighth part of the whole may be excepted, for
* I believe the words 'in general' to be incorrect.
Mose who have contracted the habit of making holidays of Sunday and Monday. The time of work is twelve hours per day for builders-such as masons, locksmiths, carpenters; in other trades thirteen hours, from which, however, two hours are to be deducted for meal-times.
3. Masons and stone-cutters are the only trades that do not take apprentices at Paris : workmen of these classes coming from the country sufficiently acquainted with their business. All others receive apprentices.
4. Boys are put out as apprentices from the age of 12 to 14. In some trades they were formerly boarded in the master's house, but this system is almost abolished. The time of apprenticeship is three years in easy trades, and four years in those of greater difficulty ; during this term the apprentice receives no pay.
5. Workmen generally expend all they earn.
6. We may safely affirm that hardly one-sixth of them are economical enough to put any thing into the savings' banks. *
It may be reckoned that one half of the workmen belong to benefit societies; the members of these societies impose upon themselves a slight contribution of 1 fr. 50 c. per month; in return for which they, in case of sickness, receive medicines gratis, are attended, also gratuitously, by the physician employed by the society, and have an allowance of 2 fr. per day till their complete recovery.
These societies are very numerous in Paris; the most numerous does not contain more than 200 or 300 members; and, according to a statement drawn up by the Philanthropic Society, the poorest, even, has a fund of from 2,000 to 3,000 fr. placed either in the savings' bank, or at the Mont de Piété.
7. It is in general on each Saturday night that the workmen receive their pay : in a few trades only are they paid by the fortnight.
Paris, 28th February, 1832.-Food of the Workmen of Paris. This may be arranged under four heads :
1. The terrace-makers and labourers live very economically, not expending more than from 16 to 17 sous per day : in the morning they repair to the low eating-houses, called Gargottes, where for 7 sous they get soup, and a plate of meat with vegetables ; their custom is to breakfast on the soup and vegetables, and carry the meat away with them for their dinner.
* The following is the state and progress of these banks. The first institution of savings' banks was in 1818. They succeeded but very slowly ; but are now spreading, and exist in Bordeaux, Donai, Dunkerque, Havre, Lyon, Luneville, Metz, Mulhausen, Nantes, Nimes, Orléans, Paris, Rennes, Reims, Rouen, St. Etienne, Toulon, Toulouse, Tours, Troyes, and Versailles, and most of the other great towus seem inclined to adopt them.