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All inquiry as to opinions and votes previous to the restoration are forbidded; also all judicial prosecutions for the same to drop.
The conscription is abolished ; the recruiting for the army and navy is provided for by a law.
The King's person is inviolable and sacred; his ministers are responsible. The King alone is invested with the executive power.
The King is the head of the state; The King is, &c. for the just enhe commands the forces of the land forcement of the laws, without ever and the forces of the sea, declares war, being able to put aside the laws forms treaties of peace, of alliance, and themselves or suspend their execuof commerce; appoints to all offices tion. No foreign troops shall ever be of public administration, and frames admitted into the service of the state all rules and regulations for the just but by virtue of an especial law. enforcement of the laws and the secu: rity of the state.
Every law ought to be freely discussed and voted by the majority of botla the Chambers.
The Chambers have the right to request the King to propose a law for any object, and to suggest the best mode of framing the law they wish him to propose.
This demand can be made by either of the Chambers; but, after having passed a special committee, it shall not be forwarded to the other Chamber under the space of ten days.
(Articles xix. and xx. are suppressed in the new charta.)
xxi. If a proposition is adopted by the other Chainber, it will be submitted to the King; if it is rejected, it cannot again be brought forward the same session.
If the proposition of a law has been rejected by either of the three powers, it cannot be again presented during the same session.
The King ratifies and promulgates the laws.
xxin. The civil list is fixed for the whole reign by the first legislative sitting that is held after the accession.
The Chamber of Peers is an essential portion of the legislative power.
It is convoked by the King conjointly with the Chamber of Deputies. The session of both begins and ends at the same time.
Any sittings of the Chamber of Peers, after the closing of the session o! the Chamber of Deputies, or which have not been especially convoked by the King, shall be held null and void.
Any sittings, &c., null and void, excepting when assembled on trials, then it can only exercise judicial power.
The creation of Peers of France belongs exclusively to the King. Their number is unlimited; he can make them either for life or hereditary.
Peers can take their seats in the Chamber at twenty-five years of age, but cannot speak or discuss until thirty years of age.
The Chamber of Peers has for president the Chancellor of France; during his absence a peer appointed by the King.
Members and princes of the blood- The princes of the blood are Peers royal are Peers by right of birth, and of France by right of birth; they rank rank immediately after the president, immediately after the president. but have no voice in the Chamber before the age of twenty-five years.
The princes cannot take their seat in the Chamber but by order of the King, given for each session by a message, under pain of rendering gull and void all that may have been passed in their presence.—(Suppressed.).
The discussions in the chamber of Peers are secret.
The sittings of the Chamber of Peers are public, like those of the Deputies.
To the Chainber of Peers belongs the right of prosecution for high treason, or for state-offences, according to law.
No Peer can be arrested but by order of the Chamber, and be judged by the same in criminal matters.
The Chamber of Deputies to be elected by the electoral colleges, which shall be organised according to the law.
XXXVI. Each department to have the same number of Deputies that it has had until the present time.-(Suppressed.)
XXXI. The Deputies to be elected for five The Deputies are elected for the years, and in such a manner that the space of five years. Chamber be reinforced a fifth every year. * }
Xxxii. No Deputy can take his seat in the No Deputy can take his seat in the Chamber if he is under forty years of Chamber if he is under thirty years age, and if he does not pay direct of age, and if he does not unite all the taxes to the mount of 1000 fr.
other requisitions according to the law.
If, nevertheless, there should not
If, nevertheless, there should not be found in the department fifty in- be found in the department fifty individuals of the prescribed age and dividuals of the prescribed age and paying direct taxes of 1000 fr. their eligibility, according to law, their number may be completed by the next number may be completed by the next highest taxed below the 1000 francs, highest taxed below them, &c. and these can be elected with the concurrence of the first.
Half at least of the Deputies to be chosen from among the eligibles, who bave their political dwelling in the department. XLIII.
XXXVII. The president of the Chamber of The President of the Chamber of Deputies to be chosen by the King Deputies to be elected by the Chamber from a list of five members presented at the commencement of each session. by the Chamber.
• The Chambor sits seven years, unless dissolved by the King,-Law of the 9th of June, 1824
The sittings of the Chamber shall be public; but the demand of five members suffices to form it into a secret committee.
The Chamber divides itself into sections, in order to discuss the propositions made by the King.
No alteration can be made in a law, if such has not been proposed or agreed to by the king, and if it has not been sent to and discussed by the sections.(Suppressed.)
The Chamber of Deputies receives all proposals for taxes; it is not until they have been passed that they can be carried to the Chamber of Peers.(Suppressed.)
No tax can be imposed or enforced without the consent of both the Chambers and the sanction of the King.
The manorial tax is to be granted only for a year. Indirect taxes can be imposed for several years.
The King convokes the Chambers every year; he prorogues them, and can dissolve the Chamber of Deputies; but in such a case he must call another within the space of three months.
A member of the Chamber cannot be arrested during the sittings or sis weeks before and after the sittings,
A member of the Chamber cannot be arrested for any criminal offence during the sittings, unless it be of a flagrant nature, and then only with the consent of the Chamber.
Any petition to either of the Chambers must be made in and presented in writing; the law forbids any petition being presented personally at the bar of the Chamber.
Ministers can be members of either Chamber; they have the right to enter both the Chambers, and be heard when they demand it.
The Chamber of Deputies has the right to impeach the ministers, and to have them tried by the Chamber of Peers, which alone has the privilege of judging.
They can only be impeached for high treason or embezzlement. Special laws are provided for the prosecution of such crimes.-(Suppressed.)
(Articles Lvi. to LXIJ. of the Old the same as Articles xlvin. to bui. in the New Charta.)
There cannot, consequently, be ap- There cannot, in consequence, be pointed any commissions and tri- appointed any special commissions or bunaux extraordinaires. Bnt the special sittings of Courts of Law, naming of the provost's jurisdiction under any title or pretence whatever. is not included under this denomination-if their re-establishement is deemed necessary.
(Articles LXIV. to LxxII. of the Old the same as Articles lv. to LINI. in the New Charta.)
The Colonies to be governed by special laws and regulations.
The King and his successors at their coronation shall swear faithfully to observe the present constitutional charta.
The King and his successors on their accession shall swear before the united Chambers to observe faithfully the constitutional Charta.
The Deputies of France, after a dissolution, to retain their seats until they are replaced.---(Suppressed.)
The first renewal of a fifteenth of the Chamber to date not earlier than the year 1816.--(Suppressed.)
The following belong to the New Charta only.
The present Charta and its privileges are confided to the patriotism and courage of the national guards, and the citizens of France.
France réassumes her colours, and for the future no other cockade shall be worn than the tri-coloured cockade.
All appointments and creation of Peers made during the reign of Charles X. declared to be null and void.
Separate laws, to be provided for the following objects with as little delay as possible :
1. Use of Jury to crimes of the press, and political offences. 2. The responsibility of ministers and other agents of power. 3. The re-election of Deputies and public functionaries who receive salaries 4. Annual vote for the contingencies of the army.
5. Organisation of the national guards, with the intervention of the said guards in the choice of their officers.
6. Arrangements which shall establish by law the state of officers of all ranks in the army and the navy.
7. Municipal and provincial institutions founded on an elective system. 8. Public instruction, and liberty to teach.