The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... communist organiza- tions or with revolutionary intellectuals seeking the enlighten- ment of Lenin and Trotsky . On the first level was the Clarté group , with which there had been bitter polemics in the past ( the Aragon - Bernier ...
... communist psychology was false in attempting to produce revolutionaries by promising them an easier life in material terms . The contrary was the truth . This first error , an error of principle , made it difficult to regard the communists ...
... Communist Party , not only because they attacked the new communist initiative , but because they were accused of championing , and indeed because they did champion , an article by Ferdinand Alquié published in Le Sur- réalisme au ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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