The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... offered no official explanation before 1927 as to the abandonment of the
project, darte, whose first issue (of the new series) appeared June 15, 1926,
attempted on the other hand to discover the reasons for the failure.15 Marcel
Fourrier finds ...
Only an unchecked enthusiasm was responsible for this temporary failure, and
Fourrier himself showed no animosity toward the surrealists, convinced that "
when the decisive test comes, they will take their place in the communist ranks .
They were informed at the same time, in a letter signed by Aragon, Fourrier, Peret
, Queneau, and Unik, of the defections, and were offered "as a theme for
discussion a critical consideration of the recent treatment of Leon Trotsky." The
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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