The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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France ' s brain corresponds in every point to his genius at the same time that it
explains it . . . ” Remarks comic enough for the surrealists to refrain from comment
. As for Breton , he signed a “ Refusal to Inter ” that has become classic : Loti ...
While shouts of “ Long live Germany ! Bravo China ! Up the Riffs ! " echoed out ,
Michel Leiris , opening a window overlooking the boulevard , shouted at the top
of his lungs , “ Down with France ! ” Asked by the crowd to explain himself , he
Loti , Barrès , France , any year deserves a gold star that lay these three sinister
gentlemen to rest : the idiot , the traitor , and the policeman . And I should have no
objection to wasting a word of special scorn on the third . With France , a bit of ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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