The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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The action of L'Humanite is far from being irreproachable. What we read there is
not always likely to be memorable, a fortiori tempting. The true currents of modern
thought are less evident there than anywhere else. The life of ideas is almost ...
My dear colleague, I am assuming the literary editorship of L'Humanite. We We
seek to make this paper a great popular organ, whose influence will be exerted in
all the broad paths of contemporary activity and thought. L'Humanite will publish
As for myself, the importance I attach to this latter subject and the emotion it
inspires in me are such that I have no leisure to publish "short works of fiction"
even in L'Humanite. I have never written stories, having neither time to waste nor
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foreword Maurice Nadeau
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