The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Of having suggested that there was no compatibility between Marxism and
surrealism . Which would imply that the latter sought to pass itself off as a positive
doctrine. 4 " It is not without thinking of you that we are writing these Letters .
This slur is the one that tends to pass off surrealism as an a priori distortion of
Marxism . . . We must also protest your insistence on presenting surrealism as a
positive political doctrine . . . " 8 “ Who is Forneret ? We don ' t 138 THE HISTORY
Is it linked to Marxism , or to contemplative theories , to the purgation of the inner
life ? ” This question is of a much more subtle turn than it appears to be , o just us
. the though its chief malignity seems LEGITIMATE DEFENSE ( SEPTEMBER ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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