The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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In the second number, illustrated by Masson, Trotsky declared in a letter to Breton
that: truly independent creation in our period of convulsive reaction and return to
savagery cannot fail to be revolutionary by its very spirit, for it can no longer ...
Illustrations: Morise, Chirico, Ernst, Masson, Picasso, Naville, Desnos. NO. 2 —
JANUARY 15, 1925 Cover: Representing a scarecrow: "French art at the
beginning of the 20th century." Contents: Breton, Bessiere, Naville, Eluard,
Illustrations: Chirico, Klee, Masson, Man Ray, Sunbeam. no. 4— july 15, 1925
Editor: Andre Breton Cover: Mannequin climbing stairs: "And war on work!"
Contents: Breton, Aragon, Eluard, Morise, Leiris, Soupault, Noll, Malkine, Peret,
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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