The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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There is no doubt that Pierre Naville was a partisan of the second solution.
Hence, pursuing his line of reasoning, he undertook to undermine individualism
as a revolutionary force, an attitude which, despite appearances, won the assent
CHAPTER 9 THE NAVILLE CRISIS Our age is not one of prophecies, but of
expectations. — pierre naville The question of surrealism's political and social
commitment was not thereby settled. In the very heart of the surrealist group, it
was to be ...
Pierre Naville appeared to be the chief target of these Letters* He was still — at
least nominally — a member of the group, and since he had best effected the
transition to political action, which remained endowed with a great prestige
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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