The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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It is a cry of the mind turning toward itself and determined in desperation to crush
its fetters. And, if need be, by material hammers.4 * Text furnished by Raymond
Queneau. Does this declaration need any commentary? Already we see, with ...
... Raymond Queneau (Le Tour de I'ivoire), Jacques Baron and Fanny Beznos,
who had been discovered by Breton at the Saint-Ouen flea- market where she
ran a stall, a text by Benjamin Peret, the conclusion of Breton's study Le
Witness the Manifesto i~| Permettez! composed by Raymond Queneau and
signed by the entire group, including Naville, apropos of the erection at Charle-
ville, in the famous Station Square, of a statue to Arthur Rimbaud. Queneau
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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