The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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him, became aware of "these new sensations that filled the atmosphere,"7 and it
was in a tone of the most enthusiastic admiration that he hailed both the Russian
Revolution and its leaders.8 He showed a particular admiration for Trotsky, an ...
They were informed at the same time, in a letter signed by Aragon, Fourrier, Peret
, Queneau, and Unik, of the defections, and were offered "as a theme for
discussion a critical consideration of the recent treatment of Leon Trotsky." The
Trotsky, Leiba Bronstein (Lev Davidovitch; 1879-1940). Russian. Revolutionary,
founder of the Red Army, exiled by Stalin in 1929, founder of the Fourth
International, murdered in Mexico. Tzara, Tristan (1896-1964). Rumanian. Poet,
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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