The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Why not also relate present words to past actions? And it is ultimately a
philosophical debate that is joined: to what degree are my words my own, and to
what degree have I chosen my actions? Doubtless in the mind of the public, the
Yet this letter, inquiring which individuals or groups the correspondents would
seek common action with,1 risked provoking troublesome personal reactions and
thereby preventing the common action proposed.2 Naturally a certain number of
He assigned this development a goal which the surrealists ( Breton and
previously himself) had never desired to achieve: "the recognition in the domain
of actual practice of the Third International as the only revolutionary action."1
What were ...
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foreword Maurice Nadeau
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