The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... action . Knowledge dispenses with reason , action transcends it . Beauty , art have been the con- quests of logic ; they must be destroyed . Poetry must be " soul speaking to soul , " dream must be substituted for " directed thought ...
... action . Action that will first of all be less anarchic , more effective ; no longer limited to opposing official art , which will not continue to flourish any the less , but to attack its leaders by name , to denounce them as ...
... action to be de- termined thereby . Yet this letter , inquiring which individuals or groups the correspondents would seek common action with , 1 risked provoking troublesome personal reactions and thereby pre- venting the common action ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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