The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... already raising , after four years of slaughter and destruction of every kind , the question of confidence in the regime . Had it all come to noth- ing more than this ? Had it taken so many gigantic means to end in a rectification of ...
... already great . Despite his youth , Breton was not playful : he rarely laughed and his gestures were severe . Those who were not fond of him began calling him The Pope on account of his majestic airs . It was not respect he demanded ...
... already signed a contract , never appeared because the group , suspecting the temptation of " literature , " opposed it . Thus what was at stake was not writing , but revolution — that is , effecting as complete a change as possible ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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