The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Not only material destitution , but a total impoverishment that was already raising
, after four years of slaughter and destruction of every kind , the question of
confidence in the regime . Had it all come to nothing more than this ? Had it taken
15 And he welcomes the newcomers : But already Jacques Baron , Robert
Desnos , Max Morise , Roger Vitrac , Pierre de Massot are waiting for us . It shall
not be said that Dadaism served any other purpose than to keep us in that state
His fame was already great . Despite his youth , Breton was not playful : he rarely
laughed and his gestures were severe . Those who were not fond of him began
calling him The Pope on account of his majestic airs . It was not respect he ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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