The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Naville asked . Nothing , except to prophesy . The surrealists had proclaimed the
vanity of literary activity , they had even acknowledged the effectiveness of
collective activity by the existence of their own group . This collective activity
But it would not be asked , if the surrealists were merely literary entertainers . 16
There are even certain actions which they would not be asked to relate to their
words , provided the latter did not proceed counter to received ideas .
Indeed , Dali had long since tended toward fascism , and as early as 1934 the
group had asked him to account for his curious description of Hitler as a surrealist
innovator . 1 In 1939 he defended a murky theory of the preeminence of the Latin
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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