The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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From 1920 to 1922 the "construction of the ruins" by Dada demolition teams
existed side by side with an increasingly ambitious attempt to find new channels
for the creative mind in dream states. The celebrated disputes and polemics of
his own ponderousness by compiling the Anthology of Black Humor, a
remarkable attempt to establish a new canon of literary greatness. (Without the
surrealists, the reputations of Rimbaud, Lautreamont, and Jarry would be
Breton and Aragon attempted to draw conclusions from the abortive discussion.
They were concerned to unmask once and for all the "harmless little boys," or
those who momentarily seemed to be such, who were trying out the role of ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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