The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... attempt to find new channels for the creative mind in dream states . The celebrated disputes and polemics of 1921 over the proposed " International Congress for the Determination of the Directives and the Defense of the Modern Spirit ...
... attempt to establish a new canon of literary greatness . ( Without the surrealists , the reputations of Rimbaud , Lautréamont , and Jarry would be considerably dimmer than they are today . ) Since it is often sardonic or fleeting ...
... attempt this role which appears too inconsequential and can be exercised with such impunity . But to reap the full benefit , one must accept the es- tablished order , install oneself in that order , and finally put oneself in the ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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