The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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This was to be the means most often employed by the surrealists , though not
always and not by all , ( Éluard , for example , practiced automatic writing very
little ) , and which was to produce , depending on the individuals involved ,
The results obtained by automatic writing , by the result account of dreams , for
instance , are represented here , but no result of research , experiments , or
works is as yet published : we have everything to expect from the future . A
19 And was it not symptomatic that the strictly automatic texts were reduced to
four , 20 the accounts of dreams to only two ? 21 It would nonetheless be a
mistake to suppose that La Révolution surréaliste had grown tame or was
tending to ...
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FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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