The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... become greedy consumers with exorbitant desires . It is the temporary and factitious euphoria that follows every war . Automobiles are manufactured ; the airplane becomes the habitual means of transport for big businessmen ; the ...
... become im- mediately operative . Still , there exist certain societies situated precisely outside of time and history , in which thought becomes immediately opera- tive : the shaman makes rain ; the witch - doctor cures his patient by ...
... become null and void : the objective awareness of realities , and their internal development in what , by virtue of a sentiment individual on one hand , universal on the other , is magical about it until proved otherwise . This relation ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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