The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... believe that there is no work of the mind which has not been conditioned by the desire for real amelioration of the living con- ditions of an entire world . . . The important thing is that , for us , despair , that famous despair that ...
... believe that , all things considered ( importance of questions of persons , real lack of external determinations , passivity and impotence in organizing younger elements , inadequacy of any new contribution , and consequent accentuation ...
... believe , how- ever , that the periodical Europe , for reasons which derive purely from Romain's poetic technique ( which in itself is as valid as one could wish but which greatly limits the extent of his public ) , can ever have ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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