The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Brauner, Victor (born 1903). Rumanian. "Pink-white boot." Painter and sculptor,
member of the surrealist group from 1932 to 1948. Braque, Georges (1882-1963)
. French. Painter, inventor of the papier-colle in the cubist period. Breton, Andre ...
Catalonian. "The illuminated." Writer and alchemist, author of the Ars Magna.
Magritte, Rene (born 1898). Belgian. "The cuckoo's egg." Painter and theoretician
, founder of the Belgian surrealist group in 1924. Malet, Leo (born 1909). French.
Pastoureau, Henri (born 1912). French. 'The reed ear." Poet, member of the
surrealist group from 1932 to 1950. Penrose, Roland (born 1900). English.
Painter, member of the surrealist group from 1935 to 1939. Peret, Benjamin (
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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