The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... certain method : that of automatism , de- veloped by surrealism and defined by Breton : Surrealism . n . masc . pure psychic automatism , by which an attempt is made to express , either verbally , in writing or in any other manner , the ...
... certain general ideas , a certain conception of the world which generates certain methods giving it " a particular position among intellectual values , " and it is because certain poets like Petrus Borel , Rimbaud , and especially ...
... certain words , certain buffer words such as the word " Orient . " This word which plays , in fact , like many others , on various double meanings , has been uttered more and more in recent years . It must correspond to a special ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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