The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... collective “ organization , " a sect of initi- ates , a Bund subject to collective imperatives , whose members were linked by a common discipline . One entered it with one's eyes open , one left it or was excluded by it for specific ...
... collective life in the new alliance , a collective life that 13 I am willing to believe that there is no work of the mind which has not been conditioned by the desire for real amelioration of the living con- ditions of an entire world ...
... collective activity was considerable . They were the first to dare to write collective poems , eliminat- ing thereby the role of the poet legislating from atop some Sinai , or even simply of the littérateur who too often supposes ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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