The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Action that will first of all be less anarchic , more effective ; no longer limited to
opposing official art , which will not continue to flourish any the less , but to attack
its leaders by name , to denounce them as " traitors ” to the cause of the mind and
Young men will appear who , loving rigor and purity , will continue and extend the
experiment . It is for them , with a view to their future action , that there must be no
backsliding as to the quality of the men who compose the movement today .
Breton was for a middle solution , which concealed the contradictions instead of
letting them appear : to continue to work autonomously , while proclaiming that
the movement was working for the Revolution , that it was pursuing the same ...
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FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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