The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... desires , aspirations expressed in tumult , incoherently , gratuitously , by the inter- mediary of language or ... desire , and the legitimacy of its realization . The Marquis de Sade is the central figure of its pantheon . To the ...
... desire for total de- struction , for which they sought equivalents in Sade , Borel , Rim- baud , Lautréamont . Now ... desire to join Abd - el - Krim in the name of the very principles of the Communist International . This desire for ...
... desires , of all the desires of all men . * The way was thus open to the notion of " surrealist objects . " What is a surrealist object ? One might say roughly that it is any alienated object , one out of its habitual context , used for ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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