The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... dreams : nocturnal dreams , day- dreams , immediately expressed - by Desnos , for instance , who had no need to sleep to dream , and " to speak his dreams ” at will . Let us measure the ground covered since the time when man could ...
... dream . It is not a moral ques- tion we are asking : is suicide a solution ? Then the flood - gates of the unconscious are opened : accounts of dreams by Giorgio di Chirico , André Breton , Renée Gauthier ; surrealist , i.e. , automatic ...
... dream itself are passive states , especially when they are isolated from the external world in which they should function freely ; they become refuges , “ idealistic evasions , ” whereas paranoia is a systematized activity which aims at ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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