The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Deploring the lack of rigor in previous action , thet inadequacy of the work done
in a realm almost entirely unexplored , it is without illusions but with courage and
confidence in the destiny of surrealism that Breton exclaims : " It is the innocence
10 It followed that , “ without any reservations , the Revolution must be entirely
aggressive , can only be entirely aggressive . . . " Evidently the program of Contre
- Attaque , though silent on many questions which were not solved by formulas ...
They use literature in an entirely voluntary fashion , contradictory to their
understanding of this automatism , and for purposes which there is no reason to
examine here . One may simply observe that their acts , and their painting which
finds its ...
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FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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