The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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That there exists no barrier between the normal man and the so-called "abnormal
" man; that there exists no state starting from which one can be certain that this
man is mad and another rational; that every judgment of these states lacks a ...
There exists, according to Breton, between man and the world, a perpetual and
continuous correspondence. There exists, above all, a continuity of events which
can be antecedently perceived and whose correspondences remain invisible.
De we not find at the very basis of its affirmation a hidden vice: the postulation
that it is enough for thought to exist in order to become immediately operative,
and for any task? If poetry, which was to be freed of its artistic fetters, which was
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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