The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... experiments . This was the period of the first automatic texts , which begins with Dada , and no one has described ... experiment upon them : hallucinations , hypnosis , sympa- thetic magic , alienation from life as it is led by other ...
... experiment , as the founders of surrealism kept repeating . The investigation they had undertaken on the subject of suicide was notably to focus on this question : " Is suicide a solution ? " The most various answers , even from the ...
... experiment ? -ANDRÉ BRETON B RETON had been criticized for his excommunication mania , exercised notably against Vitrac , Soupault , Artaud . He prided himself upon it , and to permit everyone to realize the intransi- gence he demanded ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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