The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... automatism and reduces the individual consciousness to ( in Breton's words ) “ a modest recording device " for unconscious or collective experiences , the mind has then lost its integrity and merely yields to forces outside itself .
After having exhausted the joys of automatic writing and dream narratives , they felt they possessed creative forces which the atmosphere of the group prevented them from releasing . Let us venture the word : they no longer felt free ...
... which was marked , further , by the fact that these men were obsessed by the facility with which the fascists had managed , in various nations , to disorganize the revolutionary forces , to defeat them and gain power .
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LibraryThing ReviewGebruikersrecensie - giovannigf - LibraryThing
Very comprehensive history of the movement largely based on the group's documents: manifestos, edicts, articles, and speeches. Unfortunately that means that the individual participants remain sketchy ... Volledige review lezen
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
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